NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF First Applicant
WELFARE ORGANISATIONS AND
NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS
N G SOCIAL SERVICES FREE STATE Second Applicant
FREE STATE CARE IN ACTION Third Applicant


and


THE MEMBER OF THE EXECUTIVE COUNCIL First Respondent
FOR SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, FREE STATE
HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT OF Second Respondent
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, FREE STATE
NATIONAL MINISTER OF SOCIAL Third Respondent
DEVELOPMENT
Judges:VAN DER MERWE
Case No:1719/2010
Judgement Date:2014-08-28
Keywords:Welfare organisations – policy on financial awards by Province – court finding, in fourth judgment on the matter, that department’s third revised policy is compliant with court’s first three judgments.
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LAURIKA KOEN Applicant


and


KEALY SAMANTHA BUBB 1st Respondent
PETER JOHN BUBB 2nd Respondent
Judges:MOLEMELA
Case No:1462/2014
Judgement Date:2014-08-21
Keywords:Neighbour law – water drainage – storm water – applicant alleging that respondents blocked the inlets to the drainage – applicant alleging in reply that draining pipe not adequate – applicant failing to make out case in founding papers- application dismissed.
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ABSA BANK LIMITED Applicant


and


PIETER WILLEM JOHANNES HANEKOM First Respondent
MADELEIN HANEKOM Second Respondent
Judges:LEKALE
Case No:1487/2011
Judgement Date:2014-08-07
Keywords:House – Executibility – respondents able to comply with restructuring order – fault lying with Payment Distribution Agency – application dismissed with attorney and client costs.
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NTAU LUCAS MOKOENA Applicant

and

MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND
FISHERIES, GOVERNMENT OF SOUTH AFRICA First Respondent

REGISTRAR OF DEEDS, BLOEMFONTEIN Second Respondent
Judges:VAN DER MERWE
Case No:4293/2013
Judgement Date:2014-07-31
Keywords:Contract – Option – question whether validly exercised.

Joinder – not required where party does not have a legal interest – internal ministerial policy cannot necessitate joinder.
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R P JANSEN VAN VUUREN Plaintiff

and

H C REINECKE Defendant
Judges:VAN DER MERWE
Case No:703/2012
Judgement Date:2014-07-24
Keywords:Uniform Rules of Court – Rule 31(5)(d)
Default Judgment – defendant can also set case down for reconsideration of judgment by registrar – default judgment set aside.
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ANDRIES NICOLAAS EVERHARDUS First Applicant
LOUW N.O.
RUSTU GUVEN ATALA N.O. Second Applicant
CARL BOTHMA N.O. Third Applicant
LEON WESSELS N.O. Fourth Applicant


and


DAWID RYK VAN DER MERWE N.O. First Respondent
GAVIN CECIL GAINSFORD N.O. Second Respondent
BAREND PETERSEN N.O. Third Respondent
SIVALUTCHMEE MOODLIAR N.O. Fourth Respondent
INVESTEC BANK LIMITED Fifth Respondent
THE MASTER OF THE WESTERN CAPE Sixth Respondent
HIGH COURT, CAPE TOWN
THE MASTER OF THE FREE STATE Seventh Respondent
HIGH COURT, BLOEMFONTEIN
THE REGISTRAR OF DEEDS, Eighth Respondent
BLOEMFONTEIN
PIETER ADRIAAN GOOSEN Ninth Respondent
AUBREY PHAGO LEDWABA Tenth Respondent
ROUTLEDGE MODISE INC. Eleventh Respondent
Judges:VAN DER MERWE
Case No:4793/2012
Judgement Date:2014-07-21
Keywords:Property – Mortgage Bonds – Ranking of - waiver of preference – one trustee of a trust having three trustees does not have the power to waive preference.

Prescription – claim not reliant upon obligation or liability – not subject to prescription.
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N.G. SOCIAL SERVICES FREE STATE Applicant

and

MEMBER OF THE EXECUTIVE COUNCIL FOR
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, FREE STATE 1st Respondent
HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL
DEVELOPMENT FREE STATE 2nd Respondent
Judges:LEKALE
Case No:2707/2014
Judgement Date:2014-07-03
Keywords:Contempt of court – failure by State department to pay subsidies timeously – explanations accepted.
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MPS CONSULTING ENGINEERS AND Appellant
TOWN PLANNERS (PTY) LTD
(Registration number: 2004/000413/07)

and

ARCHI-M ARCHITECTS CC Respondent
(Registration number: CK94/39446/23)
Judges:EBRAHIM, MUSI, VAN ZYL
Case No:873/2013
Judgement Date:2014-03-20
Keywords:Practice – Summary Judgment – contract – factual matrix – possibility for defendant to apply for rectification of contract on the trial – Appeal succeeding, leave to defend granted.
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MANDY MALAN 1st Plaintiff
MARIA JOZEPHINA MALAN N.O. 2nd Plaintiff


and


JOHANNA CHRISTINA STRAUSS and 1st Defendant
JOHANNA CHRISTINA FRANCESCA N.N.O.
JOHANNES STEPHANUS HUGO 2nd Defendant
MASTER OF THE HIGH COURT, 3rd Defendant
BLOEMFONTEIN
Judges:EBRAHIM S
Case No:1462/2012
Judgement Date:2013-11-28
Keywords:Will – validity of – evidence of attorney who drew up the will considered together with other evidence of condition of testatrix – uncontested evidence of attorney on mental condition of testatrix not conclusive – will set aside.
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NEDBANK LIMITED Applicant

and

CHAVONNE BADENHORST ST. CLAIR
COOPER N.O. First Respondent
TSIU VINCENT MATSEPE N.O. Second Respondent
THE MASTER OF THE HIGH COURT Third Respondent
Judges:VAN ZYL C
Case No:2538/2010
Judgement Date:2013-02-11
Keywords:Liquidation – date to be used for purposes of liquidation and distribution account is deemed date of commencement of winding up contemplated in section 348 of the 1973 Companies Act – re-opening of liquidation and distribution account.
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ROBERT OOSTUIZEN Applikant

en

JACOBUS LOMBARD Respondent
Judges:VAN ZYL C
Case No:2520/2012
Judgement Date:2013-02-04
Keywords:Uitsetting – applikant het eiendom van respondent gekoop met opsie aan respondent om dit terug te koop – respondent het opsie te laat uitgeoefen maar in okkupasie gebly – toestemming om op eiendom te bly is op 12 Desember 2011 skriftelik terugetrek – respondent kan nie op reg van habitatio steun nie, omdat dit nie op skrif gestel was nie – Wet 19 van 1998 artikel 4(7) – faktore wat hof in ag neem – respondent gelas om eiendom te ontruim – vier maande toegelaat.
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Gorete Teixeira Sutil N.O. v Tsui Vincent Matsepe N.O. en ‘n Ander
Judges:VAN DER MERWE, R
Case No:3480/2012
Judgement Date:2012-12-06
Keywords:Arbitrasie – aansoek om tersydestelling van aanstelling van arbiter ingevolge artikel 13(2)(a) van die Wet op Arbitrasie 42 van 1965.  Arbiter is afgetrede regter – het vermoë om ontoelaatbare materiaal wat tot sy kennis gekom het buite rekening te laat.   Aansoek afgewys. 
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Larrington Phendule Gushman N.O.  and Another v Louis Jonas Traut N.O. and Others
Judges:DAFFUE, J
Case No:3981/2012
Judgement Date:2012-11-22
Keywords:Company – Cession of shares in company – Alleged repudiation, alternatively breach of contract by cessionary and cedent’s consequent cancellation of the obligatory agreement. Whether in the event of cancellation being found to apply, cedent entitled to restitution, i.e. retransfer of the shares in the company against payment of the amount paid by the cessionary (as financier of the company) to third parties for and on behalf of the company.  Court finding repudiation alternatively breach of contract not proved, but in any event, cedent not entitled to recession of shares against payment as restitution not applicable.  The monies were paid to creditors of the company and not to cedent or to agents of the cedent.   The cedent is not without any remedy.  The conflict between the shareholders can be dealt with within the company structures of the company, and if not resolved, by utilising either section 163 of the Companies Act 71 of 2008 (relief against oppressive or prejudicial conduct), or section 165 (the statutory derivative action) or section 166 (alternative dispute resolution procedures).      
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MP Ramakatsa and 5 Others v E Magashule and 25 Others
Judges:RAMPAI, R
Case No:3453/2012
Judgement Date:2012-10-26
Keywords:Meeting – Provincial Elective Conference of ANC Free State Region – decision at meeting electing the provincial executive committee – challenged – the challenge dismissed on procedural grounds – further appeal to Constitutional Court.
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Hendrik Hermanus Karsten v Warwick Leonard Ronald Hughes N.O. en Ses Ander
Judges:HANCKE, WND RP
Case No:3069/2012
Judgement Date:2012-09-13
Keywords:Formalitiete – Koopkontrak – agent moet skriftelike magtiging hê om onroerende eiendom te verkoop onder artikel 2(1) van Wet 68 van 1981 – kontrak ab invinito nietig – kan nie geratifiseer word nie. Trustees moet gesamentlik optree.
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Kunatu Stephen Koalane and Another v MM Senkhe and Others
Judges:VAN DER MERWE, R
Case No:2854/2012
Judgement Date:2012-09-06
Keywords:Constitutional rights – Promotion of Access to Information Act 2 of 2000 (PAIA) – PAIA does not provide for access to a record of a private individual other than in the capacity of carrying on a trade, business or profession.
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MAMPHO ERNESTINAH NTHEJANE AND ANOTHER v THE ROAD ACCIDENT FUND
Judges:NAIDOO AJ
Case No:3183/2010
Judgement Date:2011-12-15
Keywords:Customary Union – requirements for – Recognition of Customary Marriages Act 120 of 1998.
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MORNé BARNARD v THE STATE
Judges:HANCKE
Case No:P87/2011
Judgement Date:2011-12-08
Keywords:Where the high court has refused a petition from the magistrates’ court, the high court can, on application, grant leave to appeal against the dismissal of the petition to the SCA.  If leave is granted by the high court the SCA at that stage only considers whether leave to appeal should have been granted, not the merits of the appeal.
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MICHAEL DLOMO v THE STATE
Judges:MUSI HM
Case No:129/2007
Judgement Date:2011-12-08
Keywords:Appeal – application for leave to appeal – can be disposed of in chambers.
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HBT Construction and Plant Hire CC v Uniplant Hire CC
Judges:ZIETSMAN, AJ
Case No:5083/2011
Judgement Date:2011-12-01
Keywords:Companies – Liquidation – new Companies Act 71 of 2008 – Chapter 14 of the old Companies Act 61 of 1973 is still to be applied in respect of winding up of companies under the 2008 Act.    Section 344 of Act 61 of 1973, which sets out the grounds in which a court may liquidate a company, now only applies to insolvent companies.   Section 345 of Act 61 of 1973, which explains when a company is deemed unable to pay its debts applies to both solvent and insolvent companies.   Where a creditor now applies for the liquidation of a solvent company, the only grounds for liquidation will be those in section 81(1)(c) of Act 71 of 2008, and then the creditor will have to prove that – i)        rescue proceedings ended and winding up is just and equitable, or ii)       it is just and equitable for the company to be wound up.   Close corporations – section 68 of Close Corporations Act 69 of 1984 has been repealed by item 7(3) of Schedule 5 of the new Companies Act71 of 2008.  Same principles and provisions of new Companies Act 71 of 2008 apply to liquidation of close corporation (Section 6 of Close Corporations Act).
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MATHABENG LOCAL MUNICIPALITY v THE MUNICIPAL DEMARCATION BOARD AND OTHERS
Judges:MUSI HM
Case No:514/2011
Judgement Date:2011-12-01
Keywords:Costs – organs of state – electoral commission – principle relating to awards of costs in constitutional matters.
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MOEKETSI FREDDIE TLALI v MANTSOPA LOCAL MUNICIPALITY AND OTHERS
Judges:HANCKE
Case No:A78/2011
Judgement Date:2011-12-01
Keywords:Labour law – jurisdiction of high court – section 191 of the Labour Relations Act 66 of 1995 – lawfulness as apposed to fairness of termination of employment – claim based on breach of contract – high court has jurisdiction.
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DIVINE HEIGHTS 5 CC v GREG & SONS ENTERPRISES CC AND ANOTHER
Judges:HANCKE
Case No:1844/2011
Judgement Date:2011-11-24
Keywords:Contract – sale of land – formalities – member of close corporation to have prior authority in writing – ratification not possible
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SAPCOR HARRISMITH (PTY) LTD v HORN TGM AND OTHERS
Judges:KUBUSHI
Case No:4763/2011
Judgement Date:2011-11-17
Keywords:Practice – urgent applications – applicant to seek Rule 6(12)(b) condonation in Notice of Motion and set out grounds of urgency in Founding affidavit.   Application struck off the roll for lack of urgency.
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ANNA MARIE RANCE v EDGAR COLIN RANCE & ANOTHER
Judges:DAFFUE JP
Case No:4010/2011
Judgement Date:2011-09-22
Keywords:Husband and wife – divorce – pension benefits – entitlement to – does not follow ex lege that wife is entitled to 50% of husband’s pension interest.
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Appeal Case:  In the matter between:- BIO ENERGY AFRIKA FREE STATE (EDMS) BPK Appellant and FREEDOM FRONT PLUS Respondent Case in the matter between: FREEDOM FRONT PLUS Applicant and MOQHAKA LOCAL MUNICIPALITY 1st Respondent , BIO ENERGY AFRICA FREE STATE (EDMS) BPK  2nd Respondent,THE REGISTRAR OF DEEDS, BLOEMFONTEIN 3rd Respondent
Judges:MUSI
Case No:339/2010
Judgement Date:2011-09-01
Keywords:

Parties –

locus standi – political party – s38 of the Constitution has been given anlocus standi.locus standi to a political partylocus standi by virtue of s38 of the extended interpretation by the Constitutional Court.

Applicant challenging the legality of the conduct of an organ of state in transferring public property to a private entity in contravention of the applicable statutory provisions and seeking the setting aside of the impugned transaction. In so doing, the applicant is acting in the public interest as well as the interest of its supporters who are residents and ratepayers in the area of jurisdiction of the first respondent’s municipality. It has Constitutional law – s38 of the Constitution gives challenging, in the public interest, the legality of conduct of an organ of state. Parties – class action – political party can have Constitution if it challenges, in the public interest, allegedly unlawful conduct of an organ of state.

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Appeal No. : 339/2010 In the matter between BIO ENERGY AFRIKA FREE STATE (EDMS) BPK  Appellant  FREEDOM FRONT PLUS

Case No.: 1507/2010 In the matter between: Respondent FREEDOM FRONT PLUS and Applicant MOQHAKA LOCAL MUNICIPALITY 1st Respondent BIO ENERGY AFRICA FREE STATE (EDMS) BPK 2nd Respondent THE REGISTRAR OF DEEDS, BLOEMFONTEIN 3rd Respondent
Judges:MUSI
Case No:1507/2010
Judgement Date:2011-09-01
Keywords:

Parties –

locus standi – political party – s38 of the Constitution has been given anlocus standi.locus standi to a political partylocus standi by virtue of s38 of the extended interpretation by the Constitutional Court.

Applicant challenging the legality of the conduct of an organ of state in transferring public property to a private entity in contravention of the applicable statutory provisions and seeking the setting aside of the impugned transaction. In so doing, the applicant is acting in the public interest as well as the interest of its supporters who are residents and ratepayersin the area of jurisdiction of the first respondent’s municipality. It has Constitutional law – s38 of the Constitution gives challenging, in the public interest, the legality of conduct of an organ of state. Parties – class action – political party can have Constitution if it challenges, in the public interest, allegedly unlawful conduct of an

organ of state.

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In the matter between: H W STEENBERGEN First Plaintiff J CILLIERS Second Plaintiff J J A HILLS Third Plaintiff G J DE BEER Fourth Plaintiff N F VAN ZIJL Firth Plaintiff J N MEYER Sixth Plaintiff M A MYBURGH and Seventh Plaintiff  THE MINISTER OF SAFETY & SECURITY Defendant
Judges:FISCHER
Case No:1071/2003
Judgement Date:2011-07-21
Keywords:

Wrongful arrest and detention – assessment of awards for general damages is fraught with difficulty – each case falls to be analysed with reference to its own  particular facts and circumstances which seldom, if at all, compare directly with those in another case.

General damages awards – two overriding principles are (1) the need to insure that the awards reflect the importance of the right to personal liberty and the seriousness with which any arbitrary deprivation of personal liberty is viewed, and (2) the need not to be extravagant in compensating the loss.

Interest on awards – court has a discretion in fixing the date from which interest runs so as to give effect to its own view of what is just and equitable in the circumstances – onus plays no role in the determination of that date – inordinate delays caused by defendant – interest on damages award to run from date of service of the summons.

Awards between R90 000.00 and R160 000.00 made.

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In die saak tussen: -ANGUS JOHN McINTOSH  Eiser CLEMENCE JEANNE MOIRA McINTOSH Eerste Verweerderes CENTINEL MINING INDUSTRY RETIREMENT FUND Tweede Verweerder THE MINE EMPLOYEES PENSION FUND Derde Verweerder
Judges:VAN ZYL
Case No:3037/2007
Judgement Date:2011-07-14
Keywords:

Egskeiding – pensioenbelang wat voor datum van egskeiding ‘n party toeval, vorm deel van daardie party se boedel en dus ook die gemeenskaplike boedel – pensioenfonds se reg om aftrekkings te maak is uiters beperk en kan slegs gedoen word onder omstandighede spesifiek gemagtig in die Wet op Pensioenfondse.

Pensioen – aftrekking van pensioenvoordele – pensioenfonds se magte is beperk.

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In the matter between: -YOLISWA EUNICE MLENZANA  Plaintiff GOODRICK AND FRANKLIN INCORPORATED Defendant
Judges:RAMPAI
Case No:4423/2008
Judgement Date:2011-07-14
Keywords:

Legal practitioners – professional negligence – claim against Road Accident Fund prescribed – chronicle of procrastination and neglect on the part of the attorney – not a single statement of an eye witness was obtained – test is what could be reasonably expected from the overage attorney – defendant held liable.

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In the matter between:-THE LAW SOCIETY OF THE FREE STATE  Applicant FUSI STEPHEN MACHEKA 1st Respondent MOLISE CECIL CHABANE 2nd Respondent
Judges:LEKALE
Case No:5528/2010
Judgement Date:2011-06-23
Keywords:

Legal practitioners – attorneys struck off the roll – acting wilfully and

mala fide

incontinuing to practise – such continued practise constitutes contempt of court –case postponed so as to determine appropriate sentence.Contempt of court – continuing to practise in the face of prohibition to act asattorney constitutes contempt of court.

 

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In the appeal between:-ISAK SCHALK VAN DER MERWE First Appellant JOHN ROBERTS Second Appellant ROELOF CHARLES MALHERBE Third Appellant DANIE GROBLER and Fourth Appellant THE STATE Respondent
Judges:RAMPAI
Case No:366/2010
Judgement Date:2011-06-23
Keywords:

Criminal procedure – sentence

–crimen injuria committed by students – pleadeddolus eventualis
 
– conviction based on dolus eventualis is generallya quo hardly commented about this important aspect.guilty – trial court sentenced each accused to R20 000.00 or 12 months’imprisonment, plus six months’ imprisonment suspended.Convictions of community – court cannot assume that press articles accuratelyreflect the convictions of a particular sector of the community.Public reaction – widespread anger, revulsion and indignation were apparentlyfuelled by ignorance of the true facts, namely that the video recording was asimulation and that the acts depicted (urinating on food, ingestion of food andvomiting) were not real.Intent –characterised by a lesser degree of moral blameworthiness and leniency ofsanction. Social stigma – by the time the appellants were sentenced, they hadalready suffered severe punishment.Aggravating factors – victims were adults with children – intellectual disparitybetween victims and accused – appellants were opposed to democratization ofcampus.Victims – had forgiven the appellants – did not want to see appellants languishingin jail – courtRestorative justice had occurred.Sentences set aside and replaced with fines of R10 000 and R15 000.00.

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In the matter between:-NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF WELFARE ORGANISATIONS AND NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS First Applicant , N G SOCIAL SERVICES FREE STATE Second Applicant FREE STATE CARE IN ACTION Third Applicant THE MEMBER OF THE EXECUTIVE COUNCIL  FOR SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT , FREE STATE First Respondent HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENTSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, FREE STATE  Second Respondent  NATIONAL MINISTER OF SOCIALDEVELOPMENT Third Respondent
Judges:VAN DER MERWE
Case No:1719/2010
Judgement Date:2011-06-09
Keywords:

Organs of State - policy on financial awards – court issued an order that the respondents should amend their policy – applicants contending that revised policy not complying with constitutional requirements – respondents ordered to file a revised policy within 90 days.

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In matter between:THE STATE VS MTHETHO JOSEPH KHUMALO Accused
Judges:MUSI
Case No:138/2011
Judgement Date:2011-05-26
Keywords:

Motor vehicles – endorsement of driver’s licence – not a substantive sanction under the National Road Traffic Act 93 of 1996. Firearm – unfitness under section 103(1) – drunken driving is an offence involving the abuse of alcohol or Drugs as contemplated in s 103(1)(j).

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SCANIA FINANCE SOUTHERN AFRICA (PTY) LTD V J.G.B.BOUER
Judges:MOCUMIE J
Case No:3748/2010
Judgement Date:2010-12-23
Keywords:

National Credit Act 34 of 2005

Lease – section 8(4)(f) has drag-net effect

– evidence that finance charges arePABI’S GUEST HOUSE case distinguished. If there is?requisite notice.Summary Judgment Application postponed sine die to enable plaintiff to givepayable, therfore National Credit Act applicable and notice has to be given interms of section 129.evidence that finance charges are payable, the National Credit Act applies to acontract of lease.

 

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NEDBANK V STEPHANUS FOURIE AND ANOTHER
Judges:MOCUMIE J
Case No:3589/2010
Judgement Date:2010-11-25
Keywords:

Debtor Creditor – National Credit Act 34 of 2005

Where the plaintiff has failed to notify the entities contemplated in section 86(10) the case will be postponed to afford the plaintiff the opportunity to comply with section 86(10).

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 SA TAXI SECURITISATION (PTY) LTD V J. E. MAZIBUKOCASE NO: 555/2010 AND 24 OTHERS CASES
Judges:MUSI CJ
Case No:555/2010
Judgement Date:2010-11-23
Keywords:

Debtor and Creditor – National Credit Act 34 of 2005 – The Act did not usher in an era of bread and circuses for over-indebted consumers but it is rather an attempt to curb and ultimately stop reckless credit granting and to provide for an efficient discharge of consumer debt. Where a contract relating to the lease of a vehicle is cancelled, the debtor must return the vehicle. Even on the assumption that the defendants have prima facie shown that the agreements were reckless or that they are overindebted; there exists no basis for them to remain in possession of the vehicles after cancellation of the agreements

 

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ABSA BANK LIMITED V P. J. TLALE N.O. AND 2 OTHERS
Judges:VAN DER MERWE J
Case No:3471/2007
Judgement Date:2010-11-11
Keywords:

Practice – exception – to third party notice – plaintiff’s remedy was a claim for damages, but the relief claimed was quite different – exception upheld.

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MOQHAKA MUNISIPALITEIT EN 5 ANDER VS  OLGA RADEMAN
Judges:JORDAAN R
Case No:A142/2010
Judgement Date:2010-08-16
Keywords:

Elektrisiteit – munisipaliteit sny af – vraag of afsluiting van die elektrisiteit regmatig was – Electricity Regulation Act 4 van 2006 – Wet op Plaaslike Regering: Munisipale Stelsels, Wet 32 van 2000, artikel 97, bevat geen beletsel teen ‘n kredietbeleid wat opskorting van ‘n diens weens wanbetalingmagtig nie –Senekal Inwonersvereninging en ‘n Ander v Plaaslike1998 (3) SA 719 (O) is beslis voor dieOorgangsraad Senekal/Matwabenginwerkingtreding van die Wet 32 van 2000 en is onderskeibaar.

 

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NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF WELFARE ORGANISATIONS AND NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS & 2 OTHER v MEMBER OF THE EXECUTIVE COUNCIL FOR SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, FREE STATE
Judges:CHG Van der Merwe,
Case No:1719/2010
Judgement Date:2010-08-05
Keywords:Children – although section 2(b) of the Children’s Act 38 of 2005 does not make express reference to the rights of children to basic nutrition, shelter and health care services, it does intend to give content to such rights (par. [44]). In terms of section 4(2) of the Children’s Act the State is obliged to take reasonable measures to the maximum extent of its available resources to achieve the realisation of the rights of children set out in section 28(1)(b), (c) and (d) of the Constitution (par. [44]). Older Persons Act 13 of 2006 – State has the obligation to take reasonable measures to the maximum extent of available resources to achieve the realisation of the rights of older persons who are in need as set out in Act 13 of 2006. Vulnerable persons in need – right to access to adequate housing, health care services and sufficient food and water set out in sections 26 and 27 of the Constitution. Provincial Department of Social Development – the policy fails to recognise, as a fundamental principle of funding, that Nonprofit Organisations that provide care to children, older persons and vulnerable persons in need as well as statutory services, fulfil constitutional and statutory obligations of the department. Social services – Nonprofit Organisations Act 71 of 1997 – reasonableness of funding by Department must be determined in the context of the Bill of Rights as a whole – to be a reasonable measure in this regard, the policy must contain a fair, equitable and transparent method of determination of what these Nonprofit Organisations are able and should contribute to the provision of care for children, older children and vulnerable persons in need and statutory services. Declarator – court declaring that the Free State Policy on Financial Awards to the Nonprofit Organisations in the Social Development Sector is inconsistent with constitutional and statutory obligations, and not a reasonable measure as envisaged by the Constitution and Statutes. Interdict – structural interdict – respondents ordered to file report with the court within four months stating what steps have been taken to apply with this court order – to be enrolled on date arranged after applicants have answered and respondent responded.
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Die Staat v Brian Griessel
Judges:CHG Van der Merwe,
Case No:355/2010
Judgement Date:2010-08-05
Keywords:Strafproses – tolk – amptelike maar onervare tolk. Hersiening voor einde van saak – verhoorlanddros het na ‘n tweede klagte deur die staatsaanklaer dat getuienis nie na behore deur onervare amptelike tolk vertolk is nie, besluit om die saak op hersiening te stuur met die versoek dat die verrigtinge tersyde gestel word en de novo begin word met ‘n ervare tolk – nie geval waar ingryping of hersiening voor voltooiing van die saak geregverdig is nie. Eerste staatsgetuie, wie se getuienis van eenvoudige aard is, is nog onder kruisverhoor en die beskuldigde het regsverteenwoordiging. Saak terugverwys na Landdros vir afhandeling.
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MATILE JOSEPH DITSHEGO & 2 OTHER v BRUSSON FINANCE (PTY) LTD & 3 OTHER
Judges:AF Jordaan ,
Case No:5144/2009
Judgement Date:2010-07-22
Keywords:Contract – simulated transaction – bridging finance provided on security of a mortgage bond – court holding that real intention was a loan agreement against security of immovable property – scheme an unlawful pactum commissorium. National Credit Act 34 of 2005 – unlawful agreements under section 40(4) of Act 34 of 2005 – retrospective effect of section 89(5). National Credit Regulator – section 15(a) of Act 34 of 2005 does not apply to the Act as a whole – nothing in Act 34 of 2005 prohibits the National Credit Regulator from approaching the court for a declarator that certain agreements are contrary to the Act and therefore unlawful. Agreements declared unlawful and void.
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HESTER JOHANNA CATHARINA DU PLESSIS N.O. & ‘N ANDER v PONTY HAUPT ACKER & ANDER
Judges:SPB Hancke,
Case No:4840/2008
Judgement Date:2010-07-01
Keywords:Piramideskema – banke – geld – applikante het op oorwig van waarskynlikhede aangetoon dat die Noite Dia Trust die bedryf van ‘n bank beoefen het in stryd met artikel 11 van die Bankwet 94 van 1990 – gevolglik is alle ooreenkomste wat vir beleggingsdoeleindes met die Trust gesluit is ab initio nietig. Handel – skadelike sakepraktyk – Wet 71 van 1988 – vorm van beleggingsooreenkomste moet nie seëvier oor die substansie, objektief beskou – die wese van die Trust se aktiwiteite was nie om gelde namens ‘n agent te belê nie, maar die beleggings was aangewend om vroeëre beleggers se winste te betaal – ‘n piramiede bevorderingskema word ingesluit by die definisie van ‘n skadelike sakepraktyk in Wet 71 van 1988 – nie onderskeid tussen “skadelike sakepraktyk” en “onbillike sakepraktyk” nie. Verklarende bevel – Hof verklaar dat alle ooreenkomste tussen die Noite Dia Trust en derdes vir beleggingsdoeleindes ab initio nietig is. Verwysing na getuienis – geskilpunte oor bedrae wat respondente belê het na getuienis verwys. Kostebevel – hof gelas dat die koste van al die partye koste in die sekwestrasie sal wees.
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Juan Pieter Sonnenberg v The Minister of Minerals and Energy and 3 others
Judges:CB Cillié,
Case No:3244/2009
Judgement Date:2010-06-24
Keywords:Mining and minerals – prospecting right – review of – section 16(4)(b) of Act 28 of 2002 requires written notice of the application for a prospecting right to the land owner giving details of the proposed prospecting activities, including the extent, nature and locality thereof. Administrative law – internal remedies – section 96 of Act 28 of 2002 provides for internal review – such internal review not applicable in this case, where the Director in the Department acted through the delegated powers of the Minister in granting the prospecting right. Prospecting right set aside because of non-compliance with section 16(4)(b) of Act 28 of 2002.
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Noe EP and others v Department of Premier Free State Provincial Division and others
Judges:JP DAFFUE
Case No:3607/2009
Judgement Date:2010-06-04
Keywords:Public servants – employment – permanent employment. A person employed under section 12A of the Public Service Act 1994 cannot be transferred to a permanent post in the Public Service. Section 12A allows for appointments coupled with the political term of a particular executive authority. Section 12A appointees are not defined as employees. The appointment of the applicants, who were section 12A appointees, to permanent posts by the premier was a nullity, without the normal employment procedures having been followed. Application dismissed.
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Die Staat v André Jacques Kotze
Judges:C van Zyl,
Case No:6/2008
Judgement Date:2010-03-01
Keywords:Vonnis – Aansoek deur staat om verlof tot appèl vanaf hooggeregshof ingevolge artikel 316B van die Wet 51 van 1977 – kan net na Hoogste Hof van Appèl toegestaan word.
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HW Steenbergen and 6 Others v The Minister of Safety and Security
Judges:M B Molemela,
Case No:1071/2003
Judgement Date:2010-02-26
Keywords:Evidence – expert evidence – Uniform Rule of Court 36(3), plaintiffs having alleged certain mental disorders as sequelae of their unlawful arrest, defendant seeking order that plaintiffs be admitted at a clinic for seven days for the assessment of emotional and psychological conditions – Judge in chambers granting such order. Uniform Rule of Court 36(3) – order by judge in chambers that plaintiffs submit themselves for observation at clinic for seven days for a psychiatric report.
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Die Staat v George Khosana Mojoe
Judges:SPB Hancke, AF Jordaan ,
Case No:41/2010
Judgement Date:2010-02-25
Keywords:Strafproses – hersiening voor einde van saak – klaagster getuig in taal wat nie haar eerste taal is nie – verrigtinge by voltooiing van klaagster se getuienis op hersiening tersyde gestel en saak terugverwys vir verhoor voor ander landdros.
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Vrystaat Koöperasie Beperk v Wessel George Prince Wessels
Judges:C van Zyl,
Case No:728/2005
Judgement Date:2010-02-18
Keywords:Verjaring – stuiting ingevolge artikel 15(1) van Wet 68 van 1969 - enkelvoudige dagvaarding verskil van deklarasie – vraag of enkelvoudige dagvaarding verjaring stuit – “produksiemiddele” in enkelvoudige dagvaarding word “goedere” en “dienste” in deklarasie – hof bevind dat skuld wat in gewysigde deklarasie gevorder word vereenselwigbaar is met die skuld wat in die enkelvoudige dagvaarding gevorder is – spesiale pleit van verjaring afgewys.
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Jan-Nel Du Plessis en ‘n Ander v Changing Tides 14 (Edms) Bpk N.O. en ‘n Ander
Judges:SPB Hancke,
Case No:4511/2009
Judgement Date:2010-02-18
Keywords:Praktyk – tersydestelling van vonnis – skuldenaar vereffen na uitreiking van dagvaarding alle agterstallige bedrae – daarna raak skuldenaar weer agterstallig en dieselfde dagvaarding word op sy domicilium citandi beteken, waarvan verweerder nie kennis kry nie. Kontrak – laatvaarding (“waiver”) – Hof bevind dat deur aanvaarding van betalings van agterstallige bedrae het eiser afstand gedoen van die reg om op die oorspronklike dagvaarding vonnis te kry – Tersydestelling toegestaan.
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Petrus Francois Botha v Matjhabeng Municipality
Judges:C van Zyl,
Case No:A78/2009
Judgement Date:2010-02-18
Keywords:Local government – motion in municipal council that secret ballot be held – counter request for voting to take place by show of hands in line with the standard procedure, entertained and allowed by Speaker – application to set aside Speaker’s Ruling not opposed in court – court setting Speaker’s Ruling aside and remitting matter to council. Administrative Law – Promotion of Administrative Justice Act 3 of 2000 (PAJA) – Ruling by Speaker on a motion is not administrative action under PAJA (par [30] – [32]).
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RD Van Wyk N.O. v Sanlam Lewensversekering Beperk
Judges:C van Zyl, BC Mocumie,
Case No:2865/2006
Judgement Date:2010-02-11
Keywords:Jurisdiction – branch office of defendant within court’s area of jurisdiction does not vest the court with jurisdiction – distinction between Uniform Rule 4(1)(a)(v): “principal place of business within the court’s jurisdiction”, for purposes of service; and “principal place of business” for purposes of conferring jurisdiction on a court. Contract – offer and acceptance – insurance contract is concluded where insurance company’s acceptance of the proposal is posted (in casu Bellville).
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The State v Phehello Setlhobo
Judges:AF Jordaan , CB Cillié,
Case No:19/2010
Judgement Date:2010-02-11
Keywords:Criminal law – stock theft – theft – green mealies expressly excluded from Stock Theft Act 56 of 1959 – Accused convicted under Act 56 of 1959 of stock theft by stealing green mealies, cautioned and discharged – On review conviction set aside and replaced with conviction of ordinary theft.
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Bartsch Consult (Pty) Limited v Mayoral Committee of the Maluti-A-Phofung Municipality
Judges: S Ebrahim,
Case No:4415/2008
Judgement Date:2010-02-04
Keywords:Expropriation – for public purpose of constructing roads – applicant in review alleging that expropriation was done for the ulterior and unauthorised purpose of making land available to a private developer so as to be part of a shopping complex to be developed – applicant further alleging that respondent’s purpose would be adequately served by the expropriation of one-third of applicant’s property – court holding that expropriated property was an integral part of the development of the shopping complex (par 5.2) – providing access to the proposed shopping complex was inextricably linked and part and parcel of the re-alignment of the road (par 5.2) – court holding that the development of the shopping complex was a development for the benefit of the public – once it is established that the expropriation is a bona fide one for public purposes the motives behind the actions of the respondent are irrelevant (par [6]) – Application for review dismissed.
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M L Rantso v MEC Department of Health Free State
Judges:HM Musi,
Case No:A196/2008
Judgement Date:2010-02-04
Keywords:Labour law – application to set aside a decision of respondent refusing to reinstate the appellant in his employment – jurisdiction. Full bench holding: (a) if a dispute is quintessentially a labour matter, the Labour Court has exclusive jurisdiction; (b) if reliance is placed on the provisions of the LRA, then the High Court would have no concurrent jurisdiction with the Labour Court even if the dispute raises constitutional issues; (c) the decision of a functionary of an organ of state to dismiss or refuse to appoint or promote an employee, does not amount to administrative action and is not reviewable under the Promotion of Administrative Justice Act 3 of 2000. Appellant initially sought reinstatement order – such a labour matter – high court has no jurisdiction – appeal upheld – application dismissed by full bench.
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Free State Provincial Administration v Road Accident Fund
Judges:CJ Musi, MH Rampai,
Case No:A47/2007
Judgement Date:2010-01-21
Keywords:Road Accident Fund – a supplier (in casu the Free State Provincial Administration) is entitled to claim its costs directly from the Road Accident Fund.
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Lebogang Patrick Setlhaku v Road Accident Fund
Judges:MH Rampai,
Case No:2054/2008
Judgement Date:2010-01-14
Keywords:Pleadings – amendment – claim against Road Accident Fund – three motor vehicles involved in collision – by amendment plaintiff seeking to shift the blame from one vehicle to another – defendant claiming that a new cause of action would be introduced if amendment were allowed – court rejecting defendant’s contention that the distinct identity of a negligent driver is a fundamental component of the victim’s cause of action – there is only one defendant, being the Road Accident Fund – court finding that this is social legislation where the Road Accident Fund is a state-funded social entity that cannot take advantage of the ignorance of the victims or poor investigation by their lawyers – amendment allowed.
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Mpumelelo Projects Construction CC v Sasol Wax (Pty) Ltd
Judges:MH Rampai,
Case No:720/2007
Judgement Date:2010-01-14
Keywords:Practice – absolution from the instance – defendant leading no evidence – plaintiff’s case based on misrepresentation – court finding that in terms of the defendant’s general terms of sale which were expressly incorporated through reference into the agreement between the parties, defendant expressly gave no warranties. Absolution granted.
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Mangaung Local Municipality v F.A. Pudumo and 357 Others
Judges:MH Rampai,
Case No:3143/2009
Judgement Date:2010-01-07
Keywords:Land – Eviction – Prevention of Illegal Eviction from Unlawful Occupation of Land Act 19 of 1998 (“PIE”) – matter referred to trial should the parties not be able to procure an agreed mediated solution.
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WHITELEYS CONSTRUCTION v CARLOS NUNES CC
Judges:CHG Van der Merwe,
Case No:2924/2009
Judgement Date:2009-12-10
Keywords:Practice – provisional sentence granted by default – can be rescinded even after provisional sentence has become a final judgment under Rule 8(11).
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ITUMELE BUS LINES v DIE LUR: DEPARTEMENT VAN POLISIE, PAAIE EN VERVOER VAN DIE VS EN 2 ANDER
Judges:SPB Hancke,
Case No:4718/2009
Judgement Date:2009-12-03
Keywords:Kontrak – spesifieke nakoming en interdik gevra – National Land Transport Act 5 van 2009, artikel 46 – geen finale besluit is nog geneem oor toeleesing van trein-kontrak nie – aansoek prematuur. Interdik – alternatiewe remedie – skadevergoeding is moontlik, ook statutêr. Blootlegging in Aansoek verrigtinge – Hofreël 6(11).
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LESLIE IONE DEVONPORT v THE PREMIER OF THE FS PROVINCE AND 2 OTHERS
Judges:CHG Van der Merwe, HM Musi, BC Mocumie,
Case No:A216/2008
Judgement Date:2009-11-26
Keywords:Delict – protrusion in road surface causing cyclist to fall and die – provincial administration held 60% liable.
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KHOETE CHURCHILL KHOETE v JUDITH NOMATHEMBA DIMBAZA
Judges:C van Zyl, BC Mocumie,
Case No:A448/2007
Judgement Date:2009-11-12
Keywords:Land – eviction – Prevention of Illegal Eviction from Unlawful Occupation of Land Act 19 of 1998 (“PIE”) – locus standi – land in former Bophuthatswana.
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THE STANDARD BANK OF SA LTD v FRANCOIS MELLET AND ANOTHER
Judges:HM Musi,
Case No:3846/2009
Judgement Date:2009-10-30
Keywords:Practice – summary judgment – National Credit Act 34 of 2005 – plaintiff must prove compliance with section 86(10).
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DJ LABUSCHAGNE v DIE MINISTER VAN VEILIGHEID EN SEKURITEIT
Judges:MH Rampai,
Case No:4052/2009
Judgement Date:2009-10-22
Keywords:Employment – disciplinary proceedings – applicant seeking order restraining respondent from proceeding with the hearing of internal appeal.
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Willem Stephanus Van Zyl v Die Lid van die Uitvoerende Raad: Openbare Werke, Paaie en Vervoer Vrystaat Provinsie en 3 Ander
Judges:SPB Hancke,
Case No:A50/2008
Judgement Date:2009-10-22
Keywords:Hersiening – Aansoek om LUR se besluit dat Respondent hek oor openbare pad mag oprig ter syde te stel onder PAJA. Openbare pad – Aansoek om hek oor tersiêre pad aan te bring toegestaan deur LUR – applikant, eienaar van plaas aangrensend aan plaas waar hek opgerig is, doen aansoek om tersydestelling van LUR se goedkeuring om hek op te rig. Hersiening – Vraag is of die besluit om hek op te rig applikant nadelig raak en ‘n direkte eksterne regsuitwerking het. Paaie – Ordonansie op Paaie No 4 van 1968 (Vrystaat) – artikel 22(1) laat oprigting van hek oor openbare pad toe – kenniggewing aan applikant nie ‘n vereiste – hek belemmer nie vrye toegang nie. Administratiewe handeling – LUR se optrede nie administratiewe handeling wat neerkom op ‘n wesenlike aantasting van regte van applikant nie. Functus officio – LUR mag op nuwe gronde sy aanvanklike besluit heroorweeg en verander. Aansoek om Hersiening afgewys.
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DESMOND VAN SCHALKWYK V STATE
Judges:MH Rampai,
Case No:A39/2009
Judgement Date:2009-09-25
Keywords:Sentence - life imprisonment for rape of 9-year old retarded girl – appellant 20 year old man who had been drinking for hours before the rape – he did not plan to rape the complainant – appellant was in custody for 27 months before sentence. Appellant changed his plea to one of guilty in the middle of the prosecution case – appellant in evidence expressed remorse. Full Bench substituting life imprisonment with 18 years’ imprisonment.
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BEULA BEST h/a BEULA BEST EIENDOMME v NOREWAN INVESTMENTS (EDMS) BEPERK
Judges:CB Cillié,
Case No:4380/2007
Judgement Date:2009-09-25
Keywords:Koop en verkoop – eiendomsagent – effektiewe oorsaak – eerste voorstelling opgeweeg teen latere.
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C.A. GAGIANO v C. A. GAGIANO AND 2 OTHERS
Judges:M B Molemela,
Case No:4860/2007
Judgement Date:2009-08-20
Keywords:Practice – costs – Review of taxation – Attorney of record – correspondent attorney – perusal fee by attorney of record allowed – attorney of record not merely a “post box”.
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S v GOODWILL NAPO PHAHLANE
Judges:AF Jordaan ,
Case No:381/2009
Judgement Date:2009-07-30
Keywords:Criminal Procedure – Special Review – accused, represented by attorney, pleading guilty on counts of assault and trespassing – case sent on review by senior magistrate – court on review holding that the factual averments in section 112 statement do not justify, on the first count, the conclusion that the accused had the intention (even dolus eventialis) to assault, nor, on the second count, a finding of unlawfulness. Covictions and sentences set aside and case remitted to magistrates’ court in terms of section 113
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Dipuo Urandar Sehlabaka (for the appointment of a curator bonis for Bhekumuzi Emmanuel Khumalo ID: 660915 5972 08 8)
Judges:M B Molemela,
Case No:3803/2009
Judgement Date:2009-07-30
Keywords:Curator bonis – urgent application for appointment of – businessman missing for two weeks, having acted in paranoiac manner prior to his disappearance – curator appointed – curator ordered to furnish security to the Master.
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MICHAL CORNELIUS FRANZ ODENDAAL N.O. v LUXUS WEALTH MANAGEMENT (EDMS) BEPERK
Judges:CHG Van der Merwe,
Case No:760/2008
Judgement Date:2009-06-18
Keywords:Likwidasie – likwidateur se locus standi om ‘n skuld op te vorder – oorledene het R320 000.00 aan respondent geleen, na vyf jaar terugbetaalbaar – derde party as begunstigde benoem deur oorledene – vraag of daardie benoeming geldig is. Erfreg – pactum successorium – benoeming van derde as begunstigde het slegs beoog om regte aan derde oor te dra na die dood van die oorledene – benoeming in casu nie herroepbaar nie – benoeming nie gedoen uit blote vrygewigheid of liefdadigheid nie, maar uit erkening van behoefte om onderhoud aan die kant van derde. Benoeming van derde was beskikking oor ‘n bate mortis causa, wat ongeldig is omdat dit nie voldoen aan die vereistes vir geldigheid van testamentêre geskrifte nie – omdat benoeming van derde ongeldig is, het applikant die reg as eksekuteur om die bedrag van respondent te vorder. Voorlopige likwidasiebevel toegestaan.
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GRAINCO (PTY) LTD v MICHIEL ANDRIES BROODRYK N.O. EN 3 ANDER
Judges:CB Cillié,
Case No:1300/2009
Judgement Date:2009-06-18
Keywords:Voorlopige vonnis – skulderkening waarop eerste, tweede en derde verweerders se aanspreeklikheid berus, gekoppel met ‘n sertifikaat van die verskuldigde bedrag – likiditeit van rente-komponent – gekoppel aan bank se prima-uitleen-koers – eksterne getuienis nodig om toepaslike rentekoers te bewys – voorlopige vonnis sou slegs toegestaan kan word vir kapitaal-komponent, nie rente nie. Voorlopige vonnis – tjek – vierde verweerder voer aan dat daar geen onderliggende causa was nie, en dat tjek slegs sou dien as tussentydse sekuriteit – verweerder se verduideliking meer waarskynlik as eiser s’n. Nasionale Kredietwet – onderliggende causa van skulderkening nie ‘n geldleentransaksie nie, maar ‘n skadevergoedingseis – Wet tref nie so ‘n transaksie nie. Voorlopige vonnis – tjek – reëlmatige houer – persoonlike verweer van vierde verweerder dat tjek net as sekuriteit bedoel is – in casu is eiser ‘n onmiddelike party by ‘n order-wissel, en kan dus nie ‘n reëlmatige houer wees nie – persoonlike verweer kan dus wel deur vierde verweerder teen eister geopper word. Voorlopige vonnis slegs vir kapitaalbedrag teen eerste, tweede en derde verweerders toegestaan, en afgwys ten opsigte van vierde verweerder.
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SENWES BEPERK v JP VAN DEN BERG LANDGOEDBK
Judges:CB Cillié,
Case No:A108/2008
Judgement Date:2009-06-18
Keywords:Eis om skadevergoeding omdat verweerder (respondent) nie koring aan eiser (appellant) gelewer het ingevolge ‘n skriftelike kontrak nie. Kontrak – skadevergoeding – force majeure – die verskyningsvorm van force majeure waarop verweerder steun in sy verweerskrif is “graadskade as gevolg van reën tydens stroop”. Die geskilpunt wat die landdros gevolglik geroepe was om te bereg was slegs of verweerder graadskade as gevolg van reën tydens stroop gehad het. Bewys verweerder dit moes die landdros die eis afwys. Bewys verweerder dit nie moes die verhoor op kwantum van skade voortgaan. Kontrak – force majeure – kontrak bepaal dat waar ‘n beroep op force majeure gedoen word, moet eiser ‘n instansie aanwys om die geldigheid daarvan te ondersoek – dis nie gedoen nie. Kontrak – force majeure – eiser wil verweerder se beroep op force majeure afhanklik stel daarvan dat die koper met wie eiser op sy beurt ‘n rug-teen-rug koopkontrak ten aansien van die koring gesluit het, tevrede moet wees met die beroep op force majeure – kontrak bevat geen bepaling wat so ‘n houding regverdig nie. Kontrak – force majeure – as verweerder vanweë force majeure nie koring van die ooreengekome graad kon lewer nie, is hy vrygestel van lewering en kon hy sy koring verkoop waar en teen welke prys hy wil. Eiser wou lewering van die koring hê maar slegs die prys betaal vir ondergraad koring. Appellant se eis afgewys.
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THE SOUTH AFRICAN PREDATOR BREEDERS ASSOCIATION AND 2 OTHERS v THE MINISTER OF ENVIRONMENTAL AFFAIRS AND TOURISM
Judges:CHG Van der Merwe,
Case No:1900/2007
Judgement Date:2009-06-11
Keywords:Regulation – validity of Wildlife-hunting regulations. Hunting of wildlife – validity of regulations, specifically as applicable to lions. What is essentially claimed by the applicants are declaratory orders that the twenty four month self-sustaining provision or regulation 71 and regulation 60 of the regulations would be invalid if applicable or made applicable to lions: (1) The definition of “put and take animal” in regulations – regulation 24 provides for period of 24 months during which the animal must have been fending for itself in an extensive wildlife system before it may be hunted, a so-called “self-sustaining provision” (par [19]). Applicants contended that there should be no self-sustaining provisions. (2) Applicants allege as to Regulations 71, if there is to be a self-sustaining provision, there should be a transitional measure that provides for a period of grace in respect of lions bred in captivity. Administrative actions – Applicability of PAJA accepted by court, without deciding the legal question whether PAJA is applicable to the making of regulations (par [48] – [50]). Administrative law – procedural fairness – applicants alleging that they were not given sufficient opportunity to make recommendations to the panel – such allegation is dismissed (par [51] – [56]), as well as allegation that respondent did not properly consider representations (par [58] – [60]). PAJA – allegation that a relevant consideration, namely the contribution of captive breeding of lions to biodiversity in South Africa, was not considered – court holding that lions bred in captivity make no contribution to biodiversity in South Africa. PAJA – section 6(1)(f)(ii) – rationality – question here is whether there is a rational basis for the 24 month self-sustaining provision in the regulations in respect of the hunting of lions bred in captivity. Court holding, on evidence as a whole, that it cannot be said that it would be practically and physically impossible to comply with the 24 month self-sustaining provision and that there are rational grounds for the 24 month self-sustaining provision. Court holding that the challenged provisions pass the rationality test. PAJA – section 6(2)(h) – reasonableness – applicants alleging that the 24 month self-sustaining provision will destroy the industry and have negative economic and social impact – court accepting that 24 month self-sustaining provision can be implemented and that it cannot be said that it constitutes a decision that no reasonable decision-maker could take. Application dismissed.
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KURT ROBERT KNOOP N.O. AND 3 OTHERS v BIRKENSTOCK PROPERTIES (PTY) LTD AND 2 OTHERS
Judges:NXUSANI
Case No:7095/2008
Judgement Date:2009-06-04
Keywords:Return day of anti-dissipation order. Insolvency – allegation that a trust and a private company used by insolvent as front for insolvent’s own benefit. Anti-dissipation order – applicants (trustees in the insolvent estate) failing to make out a prima facie case in respect of the claim in the action which applicants intend to institute. Company law – corporate veil - when it can be pierced. Trust – corporate veil – can be pierced (par [17]). Insolvent – improprietary conduct and fraud perpetrated by – irregular or improper use of a corporate entity does not ipso facto make their assets the property of a beneficiary. Application dismissed and rule discharged.
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KRISHNER (KRISHNA) MOODLEY v JANE MAY MOODLEY
Judges:CJ Musi,
Case No:6911/2008
Judgement Date:2009-05-21
Keywords:Practice – withdrawal of defence and counter-claim – defendant setting matter down for hearing as if he was dominus litis without allowing plaintiff to make the election whether she wanted to proceed or not – defendant seeking costs against plaintiff – defendant not permitted to set matter down as plaintiff had to set the matter down for hearing – notice of set-down by defendant irregular and invalid. Practice – abuse of court process – defendant’s strategy was that plaintiff’s prayers in the main claim (which plaintiff realised were inadequate) would be granted, thereby plaintiff would forfeit her entitlement to maintenance – set-down by defendant was a bad attempt at abusing the court process Application dismissed.
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MOQHAKA MUNICIPALITY v M.A. MARITI
Judges:CJ Musi,
Case No:A227/2007
Judgement Date:2009-05-21
Keywords:Municipality – delictual claim against. Respondent asked appellant to repair a damaged water pipe. On 18 February 2004 he went to work. On his return from work between 21h00 and 22h00 he saw that a trench was dug in front of his driveway. As a result thereof he could not drive his car onto his premises. He could also not park his car at his neighbour’s premises because there was no space. He was forced to park his vehicle in the street. The next morning he discovered that one of his vehicle’s windows was broken and that items were removed from the vehicle. Delict – foreseeablility and causality. Respondent, contended that there was a legal duty on the appellant to close the trench; that it acted wrongful by not doing so after completing the repair work, that the appellant created a new source of danger by means of its positive act of digging the trench and its failure to eliminate the danger in the damages that the appellant suffered. Pleadings – no allegation of wrongfulness – although not properly pleaded, issue of wrongfulness was fully canvassed during the trial – no exception raised – magistrate was justified in continuing with the matter. Delict – omission to close trench after digging it – legal duty in relation to wrongfulness should not be confused with duty of legal duty in the context of the test for negligence (par [18]). Delict – municipality – legal duty on municipality to do something to avoid the risk of harm eventuating. The appellant should have foreseen that, after digging a trench and not closing it, the owner of the house or anyone living at the house would not be able to drive into those premises – appellants could easily have erected a ramp across the trench – by its prior conduct appellant created a new source of danger – appellant’s omission was wrongful (par [20]). Delict – negligence – foreseeability – depends on facts and circumstances of each case – a reasonable person in the position of the appellant would have taken reasonable steps to guard against the occurrence of the damage – appellant had completed the work and all that was left to do was to close the trench – appellant was negligent. Delict – causation – question is whether appellant’s negligence caused the harm that the respondent suffered – two stage enquiry – (1) as to the factual question, but for the trench the respondent’s car would not have been parked outside overnight and the goods therein would not have been stolen – (2) the second question is legal causation, a matter determined by considerations of policy – the novus actus by the thief did not break the causal chain, because theft out of a motor vehicle under these circumstances is not an abnormal or unexpected event. Municipalities should not be allowed to do their work with impunity fuelled by the knowledge that Courts are generally slow to impute responsibility or liability on them for their negligent actions. Considerations of public policy, fairness, reasonableness and justice dictate that where a municipality acts in this negligent manner without due regard to the proprietary interest of those that they are enjoined to serve it should be held liable for the damages that result from its negligent conduct. It exposed the respondent to damages that he would otherwise, in all likelihood, not have been exposed to. Delict – contributory negligence – respondent was negligent in not removing his bag and tracksuit from the car – damages in respect of those items disallowed on appeal. Appeal dismissed on merits and municipality’s liability confirmed.
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WILD WIND INVESTMENTS v STYLEPROPS 181 (PTY) LTD AND ANOTHER
Judges:SPB Hancke,
Case No:A181/2008
Judgement Date:2009-05-14
Keywords:Appeal – for the evidence on appeal – principles discussed. Sale – immovable property – application for specific performance, transfer of property. Contract – specific performance – defence that guarantees did not comply with the provisions of the contract, and that seller’s refusal to accept such guarantees not unreasonable. Court of appeal confirming first court’s finding that guarantee which was conditional upon registration of a first bond in favour of Absa, negated the Nedcor guarantee, since the two guarantees had mutually destructive clauses, namely one requiring cancellation of old security bonds and the other requiring the registration of a bond in such bank’s favour. Court holding that the seller was entitled to reject the Absa guarantee. Application dismissed.
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LOHAN CIVIL – TEBOGO JOINT VENTURE EN 4 ANDER v MANGAUNG MUNISIPALITEIT EN 5 ANDER
Judges:C van Zyl,
Case No:508/2009
Judgement Date:2009-04-06
Keywords:Hersiening – tender – beoordeling en remedies bespreek – Bod Beoordelings Kommitee het afgewyk van die aanbeveling van die Bod Evalueerings Kommitee – Bod Beoordelings Kommitee het geen redes aan die tweede respondent (die munisipale bestuurder) verskaf waarom hulle afgewyk het van die aanbeveling van die Bod Evalueerings Kommitee nie. Tender – hersiening – toekenning van tender tersydegestel en aangeleentheid na Bod Beoordelings Kommitee terugverwys met lasgewing dat Bod Beoordelings Kommitee die Bod Evalueerings Kommitee versoek om tekortkominge in hul verslag aan te vul ooreenkomstig riglyne in uitspraak gegee, waarna die tenderproses voortgesit en volvoer moet word ooreenkomstig die tersaaklike wetgewing.
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FUSI STEPHEN MACHEKA AND 1 OTHER v ABSA BANK BEPERK AND 2 OTHERS
Judges:M B Molemela,
Case No:6323/2008
Judgement Date:2009-03-06
Keywords:Contract – applicants seeking order that sheriff transfer property to them. Practice – declaratory order that deed of sale between the applicants and the sheriff (second respondent) was valid and enforceable. Applicants purchased the property on 3 March 2004 and paid the purchase price on the same day and transfer costs on 6 April 2004. On 10 October 2008 the application was served on the respondents. Sheriff (second respondent) was obliged to transfer the property to applicants on 6 April 2004. Prescription – commences when debt is due, namely as soon as debtor becomes obliged to perform – in casu, Sheriff was obliged to transfer property on 6 April 2004. The debt become due on 6 April 2004 and was extinguished three years later, before 10 October 2008. Application dismissed.
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COENRAAD JACOBUS GUNTER v THE COMPENSATION
Judges:GF Wright,
Case No:A104/2008
Judgement Date:2009-03-05
Keywords: Compensation for Occupational Injuries and Diseases Act 130 of 1993 – appellant’s claim repudiated by respondent because collision occurred on a Sunday, and the driver of the vehicle was not an employee in respect whereof a claim could be made – appeal to Tribunal under s 91(1) of Act 130 of 1993 – Tribunal rejecting contention that employee acting in course and scope of employment, and refusing compensation. Employment – course and scope – appellant not travelling to his workplace, but performing work at the time of collision, thus s 22(5) not applicable – s 22(5) extends respondent’s liability to persons going to or from their place of work in certain circumstances. Course and scope of employment – control test – employee not requiring permission to travel, but could use own discretion. Appeal succeeding.
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STEPHANIE VAN DYK (born GERBER) v FREDERIK PETRUS STEFANUS VAN DYK
Judges:BC Mocumie,
Case No:945/2007
Judgement Date:2009-02-19
Keywords:Parties married out of Community of Property – marriage subject to accrual system – Party diagnosed with multiple sclerosis – policy paid out by insurer – Question whether this compensation should be taken into account when the value of the accrued estate is calculated. The Matrimonial Property Act, 88 of 1984, Section 4(1)(b)(i) makes no mention of assets which replace non patrimonial damages. Held i) that the proceeds of the policies are non-patrimonial and should not be taken into account in the circumstances of an accrued estate. ii) The fruits or interest dividend from the policies are excluded and should not be taken into account in the calculation of the accrued estate.
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STEPHANIE VAN DYK (born GERBER) v FREDERIK PETRUS STEFANUS VAN DYK
Judges:MOCUMIE J
Case No:945/2007
Judgement Date:2009-02-19
Keywords:Parties married out of Community of Property – marriage subject to accrual system – Party diagnosed with multiple sclerosis – policy paid out by insurer – Question whether this compensation should be taken into account when the value of the accrued estate is calculated. The Matrimonial Property Act, 88 of 1984, Section 4(1)(b)(i) makes no mention of assets which replace non patrimonial damages. Held i) that the proceeds of the policies are non-patrimonial and should not be taken into account in the circumstances of an accrued estate. ii) The fruits or interest dividend from the policies are excluded and should not be taken into account in the calculation of the accrued estate.
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THE STATE v DINEO ANNAH VAN WYK AND OTHERS
Judges:MH Rampai, HM Musi,
Case No:575/2008
Judgement Date:2009-02-12
Keywords:Review – automatic review – high court of view that more serious charge established than conviction – high court setting conviction aside and remitting matter to magistrate’s court. Dagga – dealing or possession – evidence showing that accused imported dagga – convicted of possession – high court setting conviction and sentence aside and remitting case to magistrate’s court.
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EA Croucamp v Schoeman Maree Inc
Judges:Mocumie J
Case No:4056/2006
Judgement Date:2009-01-29
Keywords:Attorney – liability for prescribed RAF claim – Attorney (defendant) failing to contact plaintiff directly - court holding that plaintiff’s father had not been appointed as her agent – Attorney held liable
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J J LAZENBY T/A LAZENBY TRANSPORT v J J LAZENBY T/A LAZENBY TRANSPORT
Judges:HM MUSI, JP
Case No:1246/2006
Judgement Date:2009-01-29
Keywords:Administration of Estates – claim against executor after assets already distributed in terms of liquidation and distribution account was published and open to inspection – defence of plene administravit. Court holding that as long as the executor in an estate has not been discharged in terms of the provisions of section 56 of the Act, a creditor whose claim was not dealt with in the administration of the estate in terms of the Act, is not precluded from instituting action against the executor as representative of the estate. Nor can the fact that there are no further assets in the finalised estate be an obstacle. FAURE v BRITZ NO 1981 (4) SA 346 (O) not followed. Special plea dismissed.
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M C KRUGER AND ANOTHER v MANGAUNG PLAASLIKE MUNISIPALITEIT
Judges:RAMPAI, J
Case No:5001/2008
Judgement Date:2008-12-19
Keywords:Municipality – traffic control – eight incidents of motorists driving through concrete wall fencing applicant’s property in a four year period – court holding that current traffic control measures are reasonably adequate and that the street is reasonably safe for careful and considerate drivers – applicant not entitled to be protected by respondent against criminal transgressions by third parties – respondent cannot be held liable for crimes – this not being a case where municipality actively created a dangerous situation and failed to take adequate steps to guard against possible harm to members of the public. Application for interdict refused.
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HERMANUS VIVIERS N.O. EN 1 ANDER v PHILLIPUS STEFANUS BARNARD N.O.
Judges:C van Zyl,
Case No:A441/2007
Judgement Date:2008-12-19
Keywords:Verjaring – Skuld opeisbaar – Artikel 12(3), Wet 68/1969, datum waarop kennis gekry word van identiteit van skuldenaar en feite waaruit skuld ontstaan – redelike sorgsaamheidsplig om sodanige kennis te bekom – Eiser kon met beoefening van redelike sorg sodanige kennis bekom het – Spesiale pleit van verjaring op Appèl gehandhaaf.
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XOLANI MAHAMBEHLALA v THE MINISTER OF CORRECTIONAL SERVICES AND TWO OTHERS
Judges:CHG Van der Merwe,
Case No:2510/2008
Judgement Date:2008-12-19
Keywords:Prison – Special remission of sentence in terms of President’s Minute No 358 of May 2005 – Remission in terms of Minute No 358 was granted only to persons with one or more unexpired prison sentence on 30 May 2005. Court holding that on 30 May 2005 the applicant did not have any unexpired prison sentence for disqualifying crime and that he is therefore entitled to receive 14 months special remission.
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MATLAFALANG TRAINING CC AND ANOTHER v THE MEC: FREE STATE DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS AND ANOTHER
Judges:VAN DER MERWE, J
Case No:5412/2008
Judgement Date:2008-12-11
Keywords:Contract – tender – first respondent awarded the contract to the second respondent – applicant seeking that execution of the contract be suspended pending review application. Applicants contending that because they were awarded the most points, they should have been awarded the tender – first respondent contending that applicants did not tender for what was required – court holding that first respondent’s allegations do not throw serious doubt on the applicant’s case. Court ordering suspension of contract pending review.
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JG Briedenhann v Peermont Global (Eastern Free State) Pty Ltd
Judges:CHG Van der Merwe,
Case No:5839/2008
Judgement Date:2008-12-04
Keywords:Contract – legality – gambling debts. Defendant gave plaintiff a cheque representing defendant’s winnings at defendant’s licensed casino in the amount of R289 950. Two days later defendant stopped payment on the cheque and defendant claimed provisional sentence on the cheque. Although section 16(1)(a) of the National Gambling Act 7 of 2004 makes a debt incurred at a licensed casino enforceable, section 16(1)(c) of Act 7 of 2004 read with section 85(1) of the Free State Gambling and Racing Act 6 of 2006 provides that a debt incurred in a gambling activity that involved cheating is not enforceable. Evidence suggesting that cheating probably took place – defendant not satisfying onus to show that in the principal case the probabilities are against the plaintiff. Provisional sentence refused.
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DIHLABENG LOCAL MUNICIPALITY v SLK NTHUTE AND 5 OTHERS
Judges:CJ Musi,
Case No:A414/2007
Judgement Date:2008-12-04
Keywords:Local Government – Interpretation of section 55, 56 and 57 of the Local Government: Municipal Systems Act 32 of 2000 – categories of employees of a municipality. Court a quo erred in permitting lay witnesses to provide what in effect was opinion evidence about which provision of the Systems Act regulated the appointment of the second to the fifth respondents. It is wrong for a court to rely upon a conclusion which relates to the precise question which the court is called upon to decide and thereby substitute the judgement of the witness. Full bench ignoring inadmissible evidence and determining on remaining evidence whether court a quo was correct. Section 57 appointees – requirements of a fixed term contract is contained in section 57(6) and applies only to the appointment of a municipal manager. Section 57 stipulates two basic requirements for the appointment of a manager directly accountable to the municipal manager: (i) a written contract or (ii) a separate per forma contract. Whereas the municipal council makes appointments in terms of section 56(a), the filling of positions under section 57 is left to the municipal manager. Unit managers are managers directly accountable to the municipal manager and the municipal manager has no power to appoint them. Court holding that the appointments of the 2nd – 5th respondents by the 6th respondents (the municipal manager) were ultra vires, invalid and of no force or effect. Appeal succeeding.
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ST HELENA PRIMARY SCHOOL AND ANOTHER v THE MEC: DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FREE STATE PROVINCE AND ANOTHER
Judges:CILLIé, J
Case No:A3/2007
Judgement Date:2008-10-16
Keywords:School – damage caused by fire – school instituting claim against the Department of Education – Department contending that school is obliged to administer and control school – school took out insurance policy, and insurance company paid school – school instituting claim for unjust enrichment against Department. Court holding that the understanding between the Department and the school was that the school would repair out of the proceeds of the insurance policy damage such as occurred in the present case, because to hold that in such circumstances the Department would be liable to the school on the basis of unjust enrichment would fly in the face of all logic; the Department was not unjustly enriched. School’s claim against the Department dismissed by the court a quo (2007(4) SA 16 (O)) and by the Full Bench.
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SA Timber (Welkom) (Edms) Bpk v Lezmin 2815 BK
Judges:Hancke R
Case No:2607/2008
Judgement Date:2008-08-14
Keywords:Voorlopige vonnis – tjek – vooruitgedateer – val nie onder Nasionale Kredietwet 34 van 2005 nie. Nasionale Kredietwet 34 van 2005 – art 90(2)(k)(iii) – betoog dat dit vooruitgedateerde tjek insluit. Art 4(5) handel met tjeks, en meld dat so ‘n betaling nie ‘n krediet-fasiliteit daarstel nie. Tjek – betaling by wyse van – uitreiking van tjek is ‘n aparte regshandeling wat ‘n afsonderlike kontrak daarstel. Nasionale Kredietwet is nie van toepassing waar betaling by wyse van vooruitgedateerde tjek gedoen word nie. Hof vind dat Verweerder nie daarin geslaag het om te toon dat waarskynlikhede in hoofsaak in sy guns is omdat teeneis op mondelinge ooreenkoms gebaseer, onhoudbaar is. Voorlopige vonnis toegestaan.
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Nehawu v Central University of Technology: FS and another
Judges:Hancke J
Case No:A1671/2008
Judgement Date:2008-06-19
Keywords:Locus Standi – a trade union cannot act on behalf of an employee in the high court – high court should not hear matters which are essentially labour disputes.
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Shell SA Marketing (EDMS) BPK v JG Wasserman h/a Wasserman Transport
Judges:Rampai J
Case No:681/2004
Judgement Date:2008-06-05
Keywords:Practice – setting aside of irregular proceedings under rule 30 – claim in reconvention – Amending plea so as to accommodate claim in reconvention some 35 months after the initial plea – rule 24 requires that claim in reconvention be filed together with plea – where that is not done, consent of the plaintiff or the court is required – intention to amend plea declared irregular proceeding and set aside under rule 30 with costs.
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MBT Petroleum (Pty) Ltd v Pieter Frederik Meyer
Judges:Moloi AJ
Case No:825/2008
Judgement Date:2008-05-29
Keywords:Provisional sentence – Sentence- Summons not calling upon the defendant to admit or deny his signature is totally defective. Pleadings – Amendment – Notice of Intention to Amend must mention that party wishing to object should do so within 10 days. In casu Amendment served two days before expiry of the 10 day period. Condonation not justified. Summons dismissed with costs.
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De Beers Consolidated Mines Limited v The Regional Manager, Mineral Regulation Free State Region: Department of Minerals and Energy and others
Judges:Ebrahim J (Cillie J concurring)
Case No:1590/2007
Judgement Date:2008-05-15
Keywords:Review- Mining – Prospecting permit. Respondents refused to convert a prospecting permit granted under the Minerals Act 50 of 1991 so as to enable the applicant to continue its prospecting operations under the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act 28 of 2002. Mining –Declaratory order – Application for declaratory order that old order prospecting rights remain in force for two years after commencement of Act 28 of 2002. Review – Internal remedy – under s 96 of Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act 28 of 2002 – Section 7 (2) (c) is applicable to the provisions of section 96, and the provisions of section 96 are not prescriptive. Mining – Prospecting – deviation of an old order prospecting permit – continues for two years after commencement of Act 28 of 2002 provided it is converted in that two year period – Two year period is in the nature of a moratorium. In casu applicants applied for a conversion within the two year period. Review – substitution by court of decision of the functionary – done where the decision of the functionary was on the basis that the validity of the permit had lapsed, and the court found otherwise. Respondents directed to convert old order prospecting rights.
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De Beers Consolidated Mines Limited v The Regional Manager, Mineral Regulation Free State Region: Department of Minerals and Engergy and 3 Other
Judges:Cillié, J et Ebrahim, J
Case No:1590/2007
Judgement Date:2008-05-15
Keywords:No internal appeal lies from the refusal of the Deputy Director to grant a conversion of a prospecting permit (paragraph [5]). The provisions of section 96(3) with regard to the internal appeal provisions are not prescriptive. Old order prospecting permits which were in force when the MPRDA came into operation on 1 May 2004, remain in force for a period of two years from 1 May 2004. (Paragraph [6] last paragraph) Order granted directing second and third respondents to convert applicant’s old order prospecting permit into a prospecting right.
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E E Meyer v Streeklanddros A. Groenewald & 1 ander
Judges:CILLIÉ R
Case No:A412/2007
Judgement Date:2008-04-30
Keywords:Hersiening van landdroshof verrigtinge van strafsaak – hersiening voor afhandeling van strafsaak sal slegs geskied as daar ‘n onreëlmatigheid was wat kan lei tot ‘n “gross injustice”. Strafproses – artikel 174 ontslag – hof het diskresie om ontslag te weier – sodanige weiering is interlokutêr en nie appelleerbaar nie – alleen as onreëlmatighede in die verhoor beweer word wat gelei het tot die afwysing van die aansoek om ontslag is daar ruimte vir ‘n aansoek en hersiening van die weiering van ontslag – blote feit dat die weiering onjuis was, is nie ‘n grond vir hersiening nie. Getuienis – dokumente – oorspronklike tjek tersake by klagte in strafsaak nie as getuienis deur staat voorgelê nie – klaer se bewering dat applikant (beskuldigde) in besit van die oorspronklike tjek is onaangeveg – applikant weet volgens klagstaat alle besonderhede van tjek – feit dat oorspronklike tjek nie voor landdroshof geplaas is nie, is geen grond vir beswaar teen weiering van die aansoek om ontslag onder artikel 74 nie. Klagstaat – wysiging deur hof onder artikel 86(1) – Applikant is nie in sy verweer benadeer deur wysiging wat hof toegelaat het nie – wysiging van klagstaat deur landdros dus nie rede om beswaar teen weiering van ontslag te maak nie. Vervolgingsgesag – dit sou gewens wees dat die Direkteur van Openbare Vervolgings deelneem aan hersieningsverrigtinge waar beskuldigde beweer dat ontslag onder artikel 174 van die Strafproseswet verkeerdelik geweier is. Aansoek om hersiening afgewys.
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Griesel v Liebenberg
Judges:HM Musi,
Case No:201/2007
Judgement Date:2008-04-24
Keywords:Spoliation is not a delict which gives the unlawful possessor (spoliatus) an action for damages against the owner who resorts to self-help.
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Sonja Beeston v Tsiu Vincent Matsepe N.O. en 4 Ander
Judges:Hancke R
Case No: 5700/2007
Judgement Date:2008-04-24
Keywords:Insolvensie – eggenote se eise ingevolge artikel 21(4) van die Insolvensiewet No. 24 van 1936. Applikant moet aantoon dat sy ‘n regsgeldige titel gehad het tydens die verkryging van die betrokke bates (par. [57]). By die oorweging van die bewering wat die applikant maak ten aansien van al die transaksies, moet gekyk word na die aard en substansie van die transaksies, asook al die omstandighede van die saak ten einde te bepaal wat die ware bedoeling van die insolvent en die applikante was met die onderskeie transaksies. JOOSTE v DE WITT NO 1999 (2) SA 355 (T) te 362 C – E; SNYMAN v RHEEDER NO 1989 (4) SA 496 (T); BEDDY NO v VAN DER WESTHUIZEN 1999 (3) SA 913 (HHA) te 917 B – F.
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IXHANTI LETHU TRADING (EDMS) BEPERK V MATJHABENG MUNISIPALITEIT & OTHERS
Judges:MOLOI AJ
Case No:6567/2007
Judgement Date:2008-03-27
Keywords:Sale of land – by local council – council resolution stating that sale is to be at R35 per square metre, and that area to be sold be determined by a land surveyor prior to finalisation of the deed of sale – deed of sale signed in 2004 and land surveyor’s report only finalised in 2006 – court holding that council officials acted outside the council resolution and ultra vires – contract therefore void ab initio – application prohibiting the council to alienate the land dismissed with costs.
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Kok v Dalton
Judges:CJ Musi,
Case No:2578/2004
Judgement Date:2008-03-19
Keywords:Nalatigheid – toets – verweerder het eiser, ‘n vermeende inbreker met ‘n vuurwapen verwond. Hy het tussen bome deurgeskiet. Verweerder moes redelikerwys skade aan eiser voorsien het. Abstrakte en relatiewe benadering tot nalatigheid bespreek [36]. Dit word nie van ‘n persoon verwag om skade met wiskundige sekerheid te voorsien nie [38]. Hof bevind verweerder 80% nalatig en eiser 20% omdat hy besluit het om weg te hardloop toe verweerder hom beveel het om stil te staan en ‘n waarskuwingskoot geskiet het [43].
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Mogopodi v The Membe of The Executive Council of The Free State
Judges: S Ebrahim,
Case No:122/2008
Judgement Date:2008-03-13
Keywords:Civil proceedings – Notice under section 3(2)(a) of the Institution of Legal Proceedings against Certain Organs of State, Act 40 of 2002. Purpose of notice is to give organ of State an opportunity to investigate merits. Notice is peremptory and must be adequate [7].
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THE STATE V TEBOHO BRAND KELE & ANOTHER
Judges:BC Mocumie,
Case No:996/2007
Judgement Date:2008-03-06
Keywords:Firearms – fitness to possess a firearm. Where an accused is convicted of an offence which does not fall within those listed in section 103(1) of the Firearm Control Act 60 of 2000 (in casu robbery where no firearm was used) the court must enquire and determine whether that person is unfit to possess a firearm (section 103(2)(a)). This is a peremptory provision. Case remitted to magistrate to hold enquiry in terms of section 103(2).
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Saila v Thulo and 6 Others
Judges:BC Mocumie,
Case No:1535/2006
Judgement Date:2008-02-07
Keywords:Review – must be brought within reasonable time [6]. Conversion of Certain Rights into Leasehold or Ownership Act 81 of 1988 Discussed [6]. Inordinate delay (7 years) caused serious prejudice to respondents [1]. Prescription – Applicant’s right to have house transferred to her prescribed after 3 years [12]. Application dismissed.
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Maanela v Maanela and Another and Maanela v Maanela and 2 Others
Judges:C van Zyl,
Case No:6614/2007
Judgement Date:2007-12-31
Keywords:Evidence – of foreign state – Judicial notice of law of foreign state – section 1(1) of Law of Evidence Amendment Act 45 of 1988 [22] – [23]. Customary marriage contracted in Lesotho – Law of that country decides validity of marriage [24]. Same rules apply to customary marriages [25]. Customary marriages are recognised by the Constitution [27]. Effect of Recognition of Customary Marriages Act 120 of 1998 considered [28] – [39]. Court finding that first respondent and deceased entered into a valid customary marriage in Lesotho during 1972 [47]. Evidence – referred to oral evidence – Principles disussed [41] – [42]. Court finding no real and genuine dispute of facts [47]. Burial – first wife has stronger claim than wife at death in Sesotho custom [29].
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De Beers Consolidated Mines Ltd v Ataqua Mining (Pty) Ltd and 3 others
Judges:BECKLEY et KRUGER, JJ
Case No:3215/2006
Judgement Date:2007-12-13
Keywords:Review of granting of prospecting rights under Mineral and Petroleum Resources Developments Act 28 of 2002. Affected party to be notified, even where it does not intend to apply for prospecting right itself. MPRDA does not apply to mineral rights in tailing dumps.
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Real People Housing (Pty) Ltd v OS Motshabi
Judges:Kruger, R
Case No:4281/2007
Judgement Date:2007-11-15
Keywords:Practice – joinder after judgment – requirements The requirements for an application for substitution of a plaintiff after judgment can be stated as follows: 1. The application is brought in terms of the common law, not under Uniform Rule 15. 2. The right upon which the applicant relies must be established. If it is a cession, a copy thereof must be attached, linking the applicant to the judgment debtor. 3. The judgment debtor must be cited as respondent and the application must be served on the judgment debtor. If the delay since judgment has been more than three years, and declaring fixed property executable as part of the judgment, personal service will normally be required. 4. Depending on the length of the period from judgment, service should take place upon the original judgment creditor. In general, this will be required where the judgment is older than three years. 5. If the delay since judgment exceeds three years, information must be furnished as to what transpired since the judgment was granted, in particular: (i) whether a writ of execution was taken out; (ii) whether any arrangements were made with the judgment debtor; (iii) in the case of a property which was declared executable, whether the judgment debtor is living in the house. 6. The applicant should state that it intends taking execution steps against the judgment debtor. 7. When the judgment is older than three years, the applicant should state that it intends applying for revival of the judgment under Rule 66.
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Staat v Luis Garpar Gomes Sardinha
Judges:Malherbe, RP et Voges, Wnd R
Case No:575/2007
Judgement Date:2007-11-08
Keywords:Strafproses – erkenning van skuld – beskuldigde het ten aansien van ‘n oortreding van artikel 65(5) van Wet 93 van 1996, die Nasionale Padverkeerswet, ‘n erkening van skuld betaal. Hy het later verneem dat hy as gevolg van daardie betaling outomaties onbevoeg is om ‘n bestuurderslisensie te besit. Spesiale Hersiening – landdros stuur saak na regter om landdros se bekragtiging van skulderkenning ter syde te stel – hersieningshof stel die bekragtiging van die skulderkeningsboete ter syde sodat landdros die opskorting van die bestuurderslisensie kan heroorweeg ingevolge artikel 35(3) van die Nasionale Padverkeerswet. Nota: Sien ook S v Francois Swanepoel, Saaknommer 600/2007, per Wright, R op 13 Julie 2007.
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Alwyn Louis Schlebusch v Mohokare Plaaslike Munisipaliteit & Gideon Odendaal
Judges:Van Zyl, R
Case No:567/2007
Judgement Date:2007-10-11
Keywords:Siviele Proses – Aksie teen Staatsorgaan – tydperk vir instel – Kondonasie – aansoek ooreenkomstig Art 3(4) van die Wet op die Instel van Regsgedinge teen Sekere Staatsorgane 40 van 2002 kan ook gedoen word nadat ‘n regsgeding reeds ingestel is (par 28). Artikel 3(4)(a) is slegs van toepassing in gevalle van ‘n laat kennisgewing en nie in gevalle van geen kennisgewing nie (par 31.2).
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MILLY MARIA SWANEPOEL & 1 vs T A MASHIGO NO & 2 OTHER
Judges:VAN DER MERWE, J
Case No:4031/2007
Judgement Date:2007-09-27
Keywords:Employment – suspension of police officer – regulation providing that employee must be given a reasonable opportunity to make written representations – this is in accordance with s 3(2)(a)(ii) of the Promotion of Administrative Justice Act 3 of 2000. The applicants were not afforded adequate opportunity to make meaningful representations. A reasonable person could on the available information not conclude that suspension of the applicants was required as a precautionary measure. Semble: where there is no real risk of flight or interference with the investigation or witnesses, the investigation should be completed and the changes formulated before the accused person is required to appear in court.
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MJ Retief & Another v E A Wessels & 9 Others
Judges:Musi J
Case No:2007/603
Judgement Date:2007-09-20
Keywords:Application in terms of section 2(1) of the Immovable Property (Removal or Modification of Restrictions) Act, No. 94 of 1965, for removal of a fideicommissum imposed by will – requirements of – valuations of the property at time of death of testator and at time of application necessary in order to assess whether property has appreciated or depreciated in value and whether the circumstances that have arisen have actually materially affected the value of the property.
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OOSTHUYSEN BEATRIX & 1 OTHER vs OOSTHUYSEN PETRUS JOHANNES & 1 OTHER
Judges:H.M. MUSI J
Case No:1386/2007
Judgement Date:2007-09-13
Keywords:Application for transfer of action from one court to another in terms of section 3 of the Interim Rationalisation of Jurisdiction of High Courts Act, No. 41 of 2001 – respondent pleading the existence of a contract prohibiting transfer – whether binding agreement concluded and effect thereof on the application.
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PARAMOUNT CHIEF L C MOTA vs PREMIER OF THE FREE STATE PROVINCE & 4 OTHER
Judges:C.J. MUSI, J
Case No:1039/2007
Judgement Date:2007-09-07
Keywords:Traditional Leaders – Paramount Chief (King) – Commission on Traditional Leadership Disputes. Interdict – relief sought interim in nature : the applicant wants the matter to be resolved by the Commission on Traditional Leadership Disputes. The final decision will be that of the Commission. Installation of a Chief is central to the whole recognition process. Court granting interim interdict prohibiting inauguration of third respondent.
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Sabata Johannes Setlai Vs Road Accident Fund
Judges:Musi J (Van Zyl J concurring)
Case No:2006/A206
Judgement Date:2007-08-30
Keywords:Civil procedure in the Magistrate’s Court – fatally defective proceeding – Clerk of Court’s powers limited to magisterial district for which he/she is appointed – where he/she purports to issue summons for a different court, such issue is a nullity and ineffectual.
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Staat v Francois Swanepoel
Judges:Wright R
Case No:600/2007
Judgement Date:2007-07-13
Keywords:Strafproses – erkenning van skuld – beskuldigde het ten aansien van ‘n oortreding van artikel 65(5) van Wet 93 van 1996, die Nasionale Padverkeerswet, ‘n erkening van skuld betaal. Hy het later verneem dat hy as gevolg van daardie betaling outomaties onbevoeg is om ‘n bestuurderslisensie te besit – erkenning van skuld op spesiale hersiening ter syde gestel – mag weer aangekla word. Strafproses – spesiale hersiening – beskuldigde het erkening van skuld betaal by klagte van oortreding van artikel 65(5) van Wet 93 van 1996 sonder dat hy besef het dat dit ‘n outomatiese onbevoegverklaring om ‘n bestuurderslisensie te hê, behels – skulderkenning op spesiale hersiening ter syde gestel. Motorvoertuie – bestuur met oormatige hoeveelheid alkohol in asem – beskuldigde het erkening van skuld betaal by klagte van oortreding van artikel 65(5) van Wet 93 van 1996 sonder dat hy besef het dat dit ‘n outomatiese onbevoegverklaring om ‘n bestuurderslisensie te hê, behels – skulderkenning op spesiale hersiening ter syde gestel.
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Van Schalkwyk and 48 others v NP MKIVA and others
Judges: S Ebrahim
Case No:1570/2007
Judgement Date:2007-07-05
Keywords:Salary – overpayment of salaries of government employees and recovering thereof under section 38 of the Public Service Act 1994. Administrative justice – employees invited to make representations as to why overpaid salary should not be recovered at the rate of 25% per month – employees refusing and employer thereafter informing applicants of its decision to deduct R200,00 per month. Declaratory order – applicants seeking declaratory order interdicting the Department from utilising section 38 of Public Service Act 1994. Legality – public authority taking administrative action must be authorised to do so, otherwise the action is unlawful – actions of official who authorised increases fell outside the boundaries prescribed by the regulations, and therefore unlawful. Judicial review – allegations that official who authorised increases was functus officio and his actions could therefore not be reviewed – question is whether the Department was entitled to use a lawful measure in the form of enacted legislation to recover monies incorrectly paid as a result of the functionary’s unlawful act. The proposition that every invalid administrative act can only be set aside in proceedings for judicial review is not correct – respondents are not prohibited from using legal machinery of section 38. Legitimate expectation – fairness and equity – applicants contending that, in view of the length of time (five years) it would be unfair and inequitable for the Department to reclaim the overpayment – applicants trying to employ doctrine of legitimate expectation in order to create substantive rather than procedural rights – that cannot be done. Further, the representation of increased salary was beyond the scope and limit of the powers granted to the official who authorised it, thus it was an incompetent promise/representation and cannot be relied upon for a claim reliant upon legitimate expectation. Prescription – question whether the respondents’ right to reclaim the benefit has prescribed – only once it becomes clear that the process of peaceful resolution through representatives had been investigated and completed and no out of court solution was possible did the Department acquire a completed cause of action. Application for interdict stopping Department from recovery of overpaid money dismissed with costs.
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The State v NF Ekermans
Judges:GF Wright
Case No:498/2007
Judgement Date:2007-07-05
Keywords:Criminal procedure – plea of guilty – questioning under section 112 (1) (b) of Act 51 of 1977 – on a charge of drunken driving, the mere fact that the accused said it is possible that his faculties were impaired and that he could not remember what happened as a result thereof, does not mean that he admits that he drove the vehicle at the time, or that he acted while his skills were impaired as a result of alcohol. On review matter remitted to magistrate under section 312 for the court to properly comply with section 112 (1) (b). Motor vehicle – drunken driving – on a charge of drunken driving, the mere fact that the accused said it is possible that his faculties were impaired and that he could not remember what happened as a result thereof, does not mean that he admits that he drove the vehicle at the time, or that he acted while his skills were impaired as a result of alcohol.
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W Dumezweni en ander v Staat
Judges:Zietsman Wn R (Ebrahim R stem saam)
Case No:A58/2007
Judgement Date:2007-06-21
Keywords:Strafproses – vonnis – minimum vonnis – Wet 105 van 1997 – beskuldigde skuldig aan poging tot diefstal waarby goedere ter waarde van meer as R500 000 ter sprake (Bylae 2 Deel II) – waarde van R500 000 is nie beperk tot geld nie (paragraaf 10.1) – poging tot diefstal is nie ingesluit nie – poging kan minder blaamwaardig as voltooide misdryf wees – wet moet beperkend uitgelê word – as dit wetgewer se bedoeling was om poging in te sluit sou die bepaling vermeld het "of poging daartoe" – poging is nie 'n misdryf "wat verband hou met" diefstal vir doeleindes van Bylae 2 Deel II van Wet 105 van 1977 nie (paragraaf 10.3). Strafproses – Appèl - mistastings by verhoorhof – waar hof van appèl meen ten spyte van mistastings dat die vonnis nie inmenging regverdig nie, sal die appèl misluk.
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Global Pact Trading 207 (Pty) Ltd v The Minister of Minerals and Energy and others
Judges:KRUGER J et VAN DER MERWE J
Case No:3118/2006
Judgement Date:2007-06-14
Keywords:Administrative law – delegation – distinction between deconcentration and decentralisation. Decentralisation takes place when powers are transferred to an independent organ or body which carries out these powers and functions entirely in its own name – as a rule the delegans (the delegating authority) has no authority to act on behalf of the delegate and has no control over the independent body other than appointment of the members thereof and/or some form of appeal against decisions of the body. Deconcentration is where the functions are performed by the delegate in the name of or on behalf of the delegans, in other words the delegans acts by means of the delegate. An essential feature of the deconcentration of administrative power is that the delegans may withdraw the delegation at any time and perform the function itself. Also, the delegans may exercise various forms of control over the delegate. In this case facts indicating that delegation took place in a scheme of deconcentration of public power – thus decision sought to be reviewed must be regarded as decision of the first respondent, the delegans - on this basis no appeal exists under section 96 of the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act 28 of 2002. Mining and minerals – refusal of prospecting right – application to review and set refusal aside. Administrative action – decision to refuse prospecting right constitutes administrative action – second respondent informing applicant about shortcomings in its application – implicit such letter that applicant's application will not be refused without considering that response – the subsequent refusal of the application without considering further information which was received timeously was procedurally unfair. Refusal of application for prospecting right set aside and matter remitted for reconsideration.
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T Rabako v State
Judges:MALHERBE, JP et C.J. MUSI, J et MILTON, AJ
Case No:A234/2006
Judgement Date:2007-06-07
Keywords:Criminal Procedure – sentence – minimum sentences – section 52(1) of Criminal Law Amendment Act 105 van 1997 – rape “involving the infliction of grievous bodily harm” as contemplated in Schedule 2 part 1(c) – meaning of – in order to determine whether the injuries are serious one has to have regard to the actual injuries sustained, the instrument or object used, the number of the wounds inflicted, their nature, their position on the body, their seriousness and the results which flowed from their inflicting – injury can be serious without there necessarily being an open wound – advisable to present medical evidence, but absence of medical evidence is not fatal for a finding of grievous bodily harm. Criminal procedure – Sentence – minimum sentence under Act 105 of 1977 – substantial and compelling circumstances – pleading guilty even after evidence linking accused to crime had been led regarded as sign of contrition – period of incarceration awaiting finalisation to be taken into consideration. Sentence on 20 years for rape involving the infliction of grievous body harm reduced to 18 years.
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Emerald Dunes Investments 64 BK v Naledi Meule BK
Judges:Voges Wnd R
Case No:576/2007
Judgement Date:2007-06-07
Keywords:Praktyk – Summiere vonnis – novasie as verweer verwerp op grond van respondent se vroeëre erkening van aanspreeklikheid. Summiere vonnis toegestaan.
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Mohapi and others v Magashule and others
Judges:Van Zyl, R
Case No:568/2007
Judgement Date:2007-06-04
Keywords:Political party – membership of ANC – Rule 4.5 of Constitution of ANC – applications for membership may also be considered by other structures than at branch level (paragraph 67) – constitutional irregularities alleged – in the absence of contradictory averments by respondents, applicants held to have established a prima facie right as required for purposes of an interim interdict (paragraph 75). Practice - locus standi – all seven applicants based their locus standi on the allegation that they are legitimate members in good standing of the ANC – bare denial in answering affidavit struck out – prima facie allegations of applicants thus uncontested. Practice – joinder – considering the contents of the notice to interested persons which was published, the case law and the applicable legal principles the court was of the view that it could proceed to adjudicate the application on the basis that the identified seventeen persons and other persons/entities who might have a direct and substantial interest in the outcome of this application, are and will be bound by the decision which the court makes in this application, despite the fact that they had not formally been joined as parties (respondents) to the application. Practice – condonation – remissness on the part of first to fourth applicants, and more specifically their attorney, for which they, and more specifically their attorney, failed to show good cause for condonation, reached the point where first to fourth applicants can no longer escape the results of their attorney’s lack of diligence – remissness, ineptitude, carelessness and total lack of conscientious conduct in the handling of this application resulted in a situation where first to fourth applicants’ prospects of success can no longer save their application – proceedings between first to fourth applicants and respondents have now come to a point where it will be a travesty of justice should the court further condone and tolerate the manner in which this application has been handled on behalf of first to fourth applicants. The legal result is to discharge the rule nisi currently in place as between first to fourth applicants and respondents. By doing this, the doors of the court will in any event not be closed to first to fourth applicants as they will still be entitled to institute their proposed application for review. Practice – condonation – application for condonation to be filed as soon as a party realises own non-compliance with rule/court order/time period (paragraph 15) – condonation is not a mere formality (paragraph 16). Practice – applications – striking out – when it is not evident from an affidavit that facts therein are within the personal knowledge of deponent, such statement must be supported by facts showing how the information was obtained or on what grounds the deponent's belief is based (paragraph 58) – mere fact that deponent has the relevant documentation under his control, does not necessitate an inference that he perused the documents (paragraph 59) – in such circumstances allegations struck out (paragraph 60). Costs – de bonis propriis – ineptitude, carelessness, gross negligence and total lack of conscientiousness cannot be excused – fact that the affidavit in which attorney was to explain his conduct was filed a day late indicative of a total disregard of and lack of respect for the court, compliance with court orders and time limits (paragraph 82). Despite potential order of costs de bonis propriis hanging over his head, attorney continued with conduct showing continued, blatant and flagrant disrespect for and disregard of court rules, court orders and time limits – had it not been for such failure of attorney to comply with previous costs order, and subsequent failure to properly and timeously apply for condonation, rule nisi would have been confirmed in favour of his clients – attorney to be allowed an opportunity to be heard before making costs order – court holding that, after consideration of attorneys' written representations, it will issue a costs order (paragraph 86).
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Nongalo and others v The National Commissioner: Department of Correctional Service and another
Judges:Malherbe JP
Case No:3905/2005
Judgement Date:2007-05-10
Keywords:Prisons – applicants (prisoners) dissatisfied with their detention in Mangaung Correctional Centre, seeking an order that they be transferred to other prisons – inmates of a high security prison cannot dictate to the prison authorities where and under what conditions they prefer to serve their sentences.
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JG Dormehl and others v Firstrand Bank Beperk
Judges:MILTON, AJ
Case No:303/2007
Judgement Date:2007-05-10
Keywords:Practice – rescission of judgment – authority of applicant executrix signing a power of attorney in favour of applicant four months prior to the appointment as executrix – authority must exist at time of institution of application for rescission – at time of institution of rescission application, another executrix had been appointed replacing executrix who had given power of attorney to applicant – applicant was not authorised agent at time of instituting application. Practice – rule 27(5) (magistrates' courts) application resulting in dismissal of action since court date was not requested within the prescribed time period – action was therefore dismissed on a technicality and not on merits and plaintiff was entitled to issue summons in the high court. Practice – parties – representation of – applicant, who is neither a qualified attorney nor advocate cannot represent another person in a court of law – appearance of such person, and signing of court proceedings by such person in direct conflict with the Right of Appearance in Courts Act 62 of 1995 and the Supreme Court Act 59 of 1959.
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S Gatri and another v Badumelleng Brady Melk and another
Judges:C J Musi J
Case No:5363/2006
Judgement Date:2007-04-26
Keywords:Contract – Sale of land – formalities – method of payment is material term – clause dealing with purchase price referring to a “further transaction” – clause dealing with mortgage bond left blank – court holding that the method of payment was left to be negotiated at a later date – essential particulars in respect of method of payment not yet agreed upon and left open for future agreement – evidence to show that the agreed method of payment was cash is inadmissible – not valid and enforceable contract.
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Westraad N.O. en 'n ander v Burger
Judges:Van Zyl
Case No:5226/2006
Judgement Date:2007-04-13
Keywords:Praktyk – verklarende bevel dat “toestemming” wat deur gedelegeerde van Minister van Landbou gegee is, nie toestemming is soos bedoel in ‘n opsie-kontrak aan applikant verleen – applikant versoek verklarende bevel dat hy dus nog geregtig sal wees om opsie uit te oefen wanneer behoorlike toestemming deur Minister verleen word. Kontrak – opsie – tydperk – respondent versoek onmiddellike oordrag van grond op basis dat die opsie verstryk het – applikant voer aan dat dit ‘n stilswyende of geimpliseerde term van die opsie-kontrak was dat die voorwaardes deur die opsie vereis, regtens en prakties uitvoerbaar moes wees ten einde deel van die kontrak te vorm – dus het applikant steeds die reg om opsie in die toekoms uit te oefen wanneer Minister toestemming verleen wat gekoppel is aan voorwaardes wat regtens en praktiese uitvoerbaar is. Wet op die Onderverdeling van Landbougrond 70 van 1970 – artikel 3(e)(i) saamgelees met omskrywing van “verkoop “ in artikel 1 – bevind dat opsie-kontrak nie by definisie van verkoop ingesluit kan word nie en dus word opsie-kontrak nie met nietigheid getref nie. (paragrawe 13 en 18). Grond – aansoek om onderverdeling van landbougrond moet ingevolge artikel 4(1)(a)(i) van Wet 70 van 1970 deur eienaar gedoen word – hier het partye ooreengekom dat respondent vir applikant onherroeplik as agent aanstel (paragraaf 37). Grond – toestemming tot onderverdeling in terme van artikel 3 en artikel 4 van Wet 70 van 1970 – voorwaardes waarop Minister toestemming tot onderverdeling kan toestaan moet geïnterpreteer word as ‘n verwysing na, en beperk wees tot wettige en regsgeldige en dus regtens en prakties afdwingbare voorwaardes (paragraaf 31) – in onderhawige geval is voorwaarde in paragraaf 3.1 nie ‘n wettige voorwaarde nie, aangesien die uitvoering daarvan strydig is met artikel 40 van die Akteswet 47 van 1937 – stilswyende term dat “toestemming” ‘n wettige en regtens en praktiese uitvoerbare voorwaarde moes wees (paragraaf 39 – 46). Aansoek toegestaan en opsie afdwingbaar.
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First National Bank v T I Leeuw
Judges:Beckley J (Van Zyl J concurring)
Case No:A251/2005
Judgement Date:2007-03-29
Keywords:Bills of exchange – Bank – condictio sine causa (generalis) appropriate remedy where a bank seeks to recover an amount paid to a payee of a cheque after the cheque had been countermanded by the drawer. Enrichment – condictio indebiti pleaded but condictio sine causa (generalis) appropriate remedy and fully canvassed in evidence at trial – no prejudice shown. Banker and customer – evidence that a cheque which is deposited is subject to a clearance period of seven days – the account is provisionally credited, but the deposit is only deemed to be final once the cheque has been cleared – respondent was aware of requirement of seven day clearance – respondent not entitled to proceeds of cheque. Estoppel – evidence by Bank employee that he never advised the respondent that the cheque would be paid – thus no representation tantamount to a guarantee given – defence of estoppel failing. The appellant, as plaintiff in the court a quo, claimed payment of the amount of R48 000,00 from the respondent (defendant in the court a quo) in an action based on enrichment, more particularly the condictio indebiti. The respondent claimed payment of the amount of R89 000,00 in a counterclaim, based on misrepresentation. The court a quo, after hearing evidence, dismissed the main claim and gave judgment in favour of the respondent on the counterclaim. Appeal from magistrates’ court succeeding. Main claim, based on the condictio sine causa (generalis) allowed, and absolution entered in respect of counterclaim based on misrepresentation.
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Die Vrystaatse Vereniging van Advokate v Meyer
Judges:GA Hattingh
Case No:2736/2006
Judgement Date:2006-12-07
Keywords:Advokaat – verwydering van naam van rol van advokate. Die regsbeginsels van toepassing op die optrede en praktyk van 'n advokaat kan soos volg saamgevat word: (a) Indien ‘n persoon as advokaat wil praktiseer, moet hy homself toerus met die nodige kennis van sy taak en rol in die regspleging; (b) Onkunde van die regsbeginsels van toepassing op ‘n advokaatspraktyk en vorige regspraak daaromtrent, stel op sigself professionele wangedrag daar. (c) As algemene beginsel mag ‘n advokaat slegs opdrag deur middel van ‘n prokureur neem en betaling deur middel van sodanige prokureur verkry. Hy mag dus nie opdrag van die publiek neem of gelde en fooie met die publiek onderhandel of ontvang van die publiek nie. (d) ‘n Advokaat mag nie opdrag van die publiek neem en dan poog om die verbod op sodanige opdragte te omseil deur ‘n gesimileerde brevet van ‘n prokureur te probeer bekom nie. (e) Dit is onbehoorlik van ‘n advokaat om ‘n algemene opdrag van ‘n prokureur te aanvaar en in terme daarvan na goeddunke op te tree sonder aktiewe meedoening van die prokureur. (f) ‘n Advokaat mag nie pleitstukke en kennisgewings ens. teken, beteken of ontvang namens ‘n kliënt nie, behalwe in terme van erkende Praktyksreëls en/of Hofreëls. (g) ‘n Advokaat mag nie namens ‘n kliënt direk kommunikeer met die opposisie nie. (h) Van ‘n advokaat word absolute integriteit en eerlikheid verwag en mag hy nie die Hof, opposisie of sy kliënt mislei nie. (i) Dit is onbehoorlik vir ‘n advokaat om werk te doen in die sfeer van ‘n prokureur wat in die sfeer van ‘n prokureur se werk val. Respondent se optrede regverdig skrapping deurdat: (a) Die respondent neem deurgaans opdragte direk van die publiek en kliënte; (b) Die respondent kommunikeer direk met die teenkant namens sy kliënte; (c) Respondent beding self fooie en ontvang geld direk vanaf kliënte; (d) Die respondent mislei die Hof. Gevolglik het die hof gelas dat die respondent se naam van die Rol van Advokate verwyder word.
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Maxim Programme Development CC v Municipality of Maluti-a-Phofung
Judges:CHG Van der Merwe
Case No:746/2004
Judgement Date:2006-12-07
Keywords:Contract – prescription Institution of Legal Proceedings against certain Organs of State Act 40 of 2002 section 3. Contract demanding service of process within 3 calendar months of the date of notice from either party declaring that settlement negotiations have failed. Letter dated 6 November 2003 was a notice in terms whereof plaintiff declared that settlement negotiations have failed – question whether "service of process" took place within 3 months from 6 November 2003. A notice in terms of section 3 of The Institution of Legal Proceedings against certain Organs of State Act 40 of 2002 does not constitute process instituting action in a civil court. An action or suit is not commenced by a notice in terms of section 3(1) of Act 40 of 2002.
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Hendrik Rudolph Gerhardus Booysen v Ipstream Global Communication Strategists (Edms) Bpk
Judges:GA Hattingh
Case No:3548/2006
Judgement Date:2006-10-12
Keywords:Voorlopige vonnis – strafbepaling vervat in skulderkenning – skade bedrae gevorder val binne definisie van ‘n strafbepaling kragtens die Wet op Strafbedinge 15/1962. Dit word gevorder as gelikwideerde skadevergoeding vanweë verweerder se versuim om aandeelsertifikaat te lewer. Eiser se vordering vir ‘n bedrag vir die waarde van ‘n artikel wat nie gelewer is nie, is ‘n eis vir skadevergoeding, wat ingevolge Wet 15/1962 deur die hof verminder kan word. Eiser se vordering is uitsluitlik ‘n strafbedrag en buite verhouding tot die daadwerklike skade of beweerde verhoging van die aandele se waarde. Netsoos summiere vonnis verrigtinge onvanpas is om te bepaal of ‘n strafbepaling buite verhouding tot die werklike benadering is, is voorlopige vonnis ook onvanpas daarvoor. Al is summiere vonnis ‘n meer gestrenge remedie as voorlopige vonnis, is laasgenoemde steeds ‘n buitengewone regsmiddel. Aansoek om voorlopige vonnis met koste afgewys.
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Masemethe Mokhethi v Road Accident Fund
Judges:MH Rampai
Case No:305/2006
Judgement Date:2006-10-12
Keywords:Costs – Review of taxation under Rule 48 – distinction between (a) expert's costs in formulating and drawing a report, and (b) expert’s fees charged for preparation to testify in court. Distinction between fee and disbursement. Attorney claimed fee of R50 and disbursement of R15 196,54 in respect of expert. Question whether R15 196,54 is part of expert's qualifying fees or not. The phrase “qualifying fees” has three components/dimensions: inspecting, reading and presenting. (1) Inspection entails the inspection of the scene. This is the procurement phase. (2) Reading embraces the reading of relevant authorities and scientific journals, researching the subject-matter. This is the preparation phase. (3) Presenting of evidence includes costs of travelling to court, refresher consultations, attending court, listening to evidence. The new Rule 70, item 5, section D draws a distinction between costs incurred in connection with (i) the procurement of evidence or (ii) the preparation of evidence. In relation to the investigative phase the taxing master has a discretion. No agreement or court order is required. In the second phase, the preparation phase, the taxing master requires the consent of all interested parties or a court order to consider the fairness and reasonableness of any particular expense item. The witness costs, whether incurred in respect of the initial step – the procurement phase or the intermediary step – the preparation phase or the final step – the court testimony, relate to but one thing, namely the process of qualifying as an expert witness. Therefor, all these costs, qualifying expenses or qualifying fees may correctly be regarded as qualifying expenses of an expert witness which he has incurred and earned and the victorious party is therefor entitled to recover from the vanquished party. The important thing is that the qualifying expenses incurred in connection with the procurement dimension of the qualifying process fall to be taxed within the taxing master’s discretionary competence whereas the qualifying fees earned in connection with the preparation dimension fall outside the discretionary province of the taxing master. Important for taxing master to distinguish between two segments of the rule: (i) The procurement of evidence; (ii) Preparation of evidence. Matter remitted to taxing master to re-tax.
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Mayihlome Electrical (PTY) LTD v Matjabeng Municipality & 2 Others
Judges:MH Rampai
Case No:2590/2006
Judgement Date:2006-10-05
Keywords:Municipality – resolution of municipal council – (1) council addressed by representative of firm of auditors. Rule 29(1)(a) providing that member of the public may not address council meeting unless he or she is a member of a deputation in terms of rule 48. Court finding that the aim of rule 29(1)(a) is to ensure orderliness, not to prohibit members of the public from addressing the council but rather to regulate the way in which they can do so. Rules are directory and not peremptory, and court finding nothing wrong in allowing address. The address was reasonably ancillary to the main objective of forensic investigation to ensure clean administration in general and clean financial administration in particular. (2) In camera proceedings – harm caused to the democratic values of the transparent, open and accountable governing of local affairs was proportionately less harmful to the members of the public who were excluded than the harm to the implicated employees. (3) Resolution adopted without hearing opposing version – fact that audi alteram partem rule not applied not a reason here to set aside decision (par. 66). (4) Administrative action – PAJA Act 4/2000 – question whether the termination of agreement by the municipality without giving other party the opportunity to give reasons why the agreement should not be terminated – termination of agreement here not an administrative action. (5) Forensic reports – applicant seeking copy of report to satisfy itself that such report contained sufficient reasons to justify the decision to terminate the agreement - municipality refused. Section 7 of PAJA disqualifies request of information seeker whose aim is to use the information in connection with pending legal proceedings. The underlying theme of the section is that where there are other remedies available they should first be used (par. 83). (6) Agreement – termination of – withholding payment – court holding that municipality has right to cancel agreement on 30 days' notice. Dispute of fact as to monies owed between parties – dispute foreseeable – claim for payment dismissed.
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Publc Servants Association of SA and Others v The Premier, Free State Province and Others
Judges: S Ebrahim
Case No:5198/2006
Judgement Date:2006-10-05
Keywords:Pleadings – amendment – application to amend dismissed because it was brought out of time. Second, identical application for leave to amend brought. Objection that the application to amend had already been decided on its merits. However, first application for amendment was decided on basis that no explanation was furnished for the failure to timeously lodge the application for amendment. No good cause was shown explaining the delay. The whole application was dismissed. The applicants were entitled to start afresh with a new procedure to amend. Irregular step under Rule 30 – bringing second application for amendment where first was dismissed for lack of an explanation of the delay, does not constitute an irregular step under Rule 30. Application under Rule 30 dismissed.
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De Beer v Kotzé
Judges:CJ Musi,
Case No:2802/2002
Judgement Date:2006-09-29
Keywords:Verjaring – repudiasie – verjaringstermyn loop vanaf datum van repudiasie omdat skuldoorsaak dan volkome is. HMBMP Properties (Pty) Ltd v King 1981(1) SA 906 (N) te 912 G-H nie gevolg nie. Eis van hand gewys omdat dit reeds verjaar het. Repudiasie – vooruitlopende repudiasie – repudiasie opsigself kontrakbreuk en nie net 'n aanbod tot die beëindiging van kontraktuele verhouding nie. Repudiasie – eiser moet sy keuse om te kanselleer binne 'n redelike tyd uitoefen – hier het eiser geen voldoende rede gegee vir sy lang versuim. Verweerder het in Januarie 1999 ondubbelsinning te kenne gegee dat hy nie by die terme van die ooreenkoms gaan hou nie, en die ooreenkoms gerepudieer. Eiser het eers op 7 Augustus 2002 gekanselleer. Dis 'n onredelike lang tyd. Eis van die hand gewys met koste.
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Michiel Josias de Kock v Die Raad van Jersey SA, Jersey SA
Judges:CJ Musi
Case No:A130/2006
Judgement Date:2006-09-28
Keywords:Hersiening – raad nie behoorlik saamgestel toe skorsing van applikant oorweeg is. Raadslede sien hul rol as waarnemers – Hof bevind dat besluitnemers abdikeer het – Abdikasie was ultra vires hul bevoegdhede – aanstel van ‘n nie-raadslid as voorsitter en die besluit dat die raadslede slegs waarnemers is, was ‘n fatale onreëlmatigheid. Audi alteram partem reël – "getuienis" bestaan hier uit toesprake of openingsbetoë – applikant is nie meegedeel dat die betoë en openingsredes as getuienis deur die Raad in aanmerking geneem sou word nie. Hy is ook nie meegedeel dat die Raad, as waarnemers, hulle waarnemings as basis gaan gebruik om sy skorsing te oorweeg nie. Besluit tersyde gestel met koste op prokureur en kliënt skaal.
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Radebe v MEC: Free State Province Dept of Education
Judges:HM Musi
Case No:2528/2006
Judgement Date:2006-09-28
Keywords:Labour law – disciplinary inquiry – application for interdict to prevent disciplinary inquiry. Protected Disclosures Act 26 of 2000 – requirements. First and second applicants were employed by the Free State Department of Education respectively as school management and governance developer and school principal at Welkom. During December 2000 the applicants compiled a document containing certain allegations against the MEC for Education, alleging fraud, corruption and nepotism. The MEC was of the view that the allegations were without substance and served a notice of a disciplinary enquiry on the applicants, alleging crimen injuria and alternative charges. In response the applicants launched the present application. This was an external or general disclosure within the meaning of section 9 of Act 26 of 2000. Preservation of confidentiality is at the root of disclosures in terms of section 6 which must be made by following a set procedure. Whereas Act 26 of 2000 seeks to encourage employees to expose wrongdoing in the workplace, it also incorporates mechanisms meant to safeguard the reputations and interests of employers, bearing in mind that the allegations may be false. The critical question is whether the disclosure was made in good faith and in the reasonable belief that it, and the allegations contained therein, were substantially true as contemplated under section 9(1)(a of Act 26 of 2000. Court holding in the facts that the applicants cannot say they acted in good faith when no basis existed for the allegations contained in their report, nor could they have believed the information to be substantially true. It cannot be said that disclosure was reasonable, given the very serious nature of the allegations, and the fact that they made no attempt to verify the information.
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The State v Jacobus Hendrik Luyke
Judges:MH Rampai
Case No:943/2006
Judgement Date:2006-08-31
Keywords:Review – special review – sentence – plea agreement – agreed sentence irregular – convictions and sentences set aside and matter remitted for hearing de novo – court pointing out that the prohibition against entering into a new plea and sentence agreement as contained in section 105A(10)(b) will not be applicable, as the parties had not withdrawn from the agreement.
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Mahlola Francis Mokapane v Phumelela Local Municipality & 2 Others
Judges:HM Musi
Case No:1594/2006
Judgement Date:2006-08-24
Keywords:Administrative action – review of decision of municipality to terminate employment contract of applicant. Termination of employment contract of municipal official is not administrative action as defined in The Promotion of Administrative Justice Act 30 of 2000 (PAJA). Findings of domestic tribunals do not constitute administrative action as defined in PAJA. Dispute has to go to bargaining council under Labour Relations Act 66 of 1995. Application dismissed.
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The State v Paulina Karedi
Judges:CHG Van der Merwe
Case No:845/2006
Judgement Date:2006-08-24
Keywords:Criminal trial – legal representation – accused, after several postponements not prepared to proceed with trial – magistrate ruling that matter proceed without legal representation for the accused – court conducting trial, postponing part-heard trial at close of court day – on postponed date, new legal representative of accused requesting that matter be sent for special review. Special review – high court remitting matter to court to complete trial.
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Taurus Stock Improvement Co-Operative limited v Roy William Dixon & 8 Others
Judges:CHG Van der Merwe
Case No:2925/2006
Judgement Date:2006-08-22
Keywords:Employment – confidential information – cattle genetics – disclosure prohibited.
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The University of Pretoria v South Africans for the Abolition of Vivisection, Mrs Beatrice Wiltshire, the Editor: The “Snout” Editorial Office
Judges:CJ Musi
Case No:2893/2005
Judgement Date:2006-08-18
Keywords:Animals – vivisection – court finding that to allege that a university uses inhumane, cruel and invasive tests on animals is defamatory. To allege that specific employees of the university are responsible for abolishing a more humane method of testing animals and substituting it by inhumane cruel and invasive methods is defamatory. Vigilance to ensure that unsavoury practices at institutions of higher learning be exposed must be practised responsibly, reasonably and with the necessary care that blatant falsehoods should not be sent into the public domain under the guise of public interest or robust criticism. Application to direct respondents to retract and apologise for false statements granted.
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Fluorovizion v Bloomberg
Judges: S Ebrahim
Case No:5545/2005
Judgement Date:2006-06-15
Keywords:Discovery – Rule 35(12) – privilege – confidentiality in itself is not a ground of privilege.
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Ferreira in re Ferreira en Ferreira
Judges:C van Zyl,
Case No:2457/2006
Judgement Date:2006-06-12
Keywords:Curator ad litem – hoef nie noodwendig 'n probleem te bestaan met betrekking tot die behartiging van 'n pasiënt se sake voordat 'n curator ad litem aangestel word nie.
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Fluorovizion v Bloomberg
Judges:
Case No:5545/2005
Judgement Date:2006-06-05
Keywords:Discovery – Rule 35(12) – privilege – confidentiality in itself is not a ground of privilege.
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Kadimo & 26 others v Minister of Correctional Services and others
Judges:
Case No:92/2006
Judgement Date:2006-06-01
Keywords:Costs – de bonis propriis against advocate – postponement caused by counsel being unprepared and failing to comply with court orders. Correctional services – parole – applicants filing application devoid of merit after parole hearing. Application dismissed.
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Von M Schimper v Monastery Diamond Mining
Judges:CJ Musi,
Case No:551/2006
Judgement Date:2006-06-01
Keywords:Arbitrasie – toekenning by ooreenkoms – aanvegting daarvan. 'n Arbitrasie toekenning is bindend en afdoende. Die hof se bevoegdheid om dit aan te suiwer is beperk. Waar die toekenning helder is en daar geen gebreke in is nie, is daar nie 'n basis om daarmee in te meng nie. Onbillike gevolge dra nie gewig by die hof nie. Wat die feite betref, vind die hof dat waar 'n party doelbewus 'n ooreenkoms aangaan moet hy daaraan gebonde gehou word. Daar is geen ruimte vir die argument dat dit 'n stilswyende of geïmpliseerde term van die toekenning was dat dit aan termyne soos vervat in die serwituutakte gekoppel sou wees nie. Hierdie is nie 'n interpretasie probleem nie, maar eerder 'n geval waar die respondent by nabetragting besef het dat die toekenning baie nadelige gevolge vir hom inhou. Ekstrinsieke getuienis is ontoelaatbaar en irrelevant as daar geen onduidelikheid of dubbelsinnigheid in die toekenning is nie. Aansoek afgewys.
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CUT v The National Education, Health and Allied Workers Union
Judges:CHG Van der Merwe
Case No:892/2006
Judgement Date:2006-05-25
Keywords:Labour law – unprotected strike – labour court has exclusive jurisdiction.
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S v Motaung
Judges:CJ Musi
Case No:98/2006
Judgement Date:2006-04-06
Keywords:Vonnis – terugdatering – landdros het nie daardie mag nie. Die hof van eerste instansie sal slegs die bevoegdheid hê om die vonnis terug te dateer indien die aanvanklike skuldigbevinding op hersiening of appèl vervang is deur 'n ander skuldigbevinding deur die hof van appèl of hersiening. Dit geld nie in gevalle waar die skuldigbevinding en vonnis tersyde gestel is en die saak na die hof a quo terugverwys is met 'n opdrag om verdere ondervraging te doen of om verdere getuienis te ontvang nie.
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Vazladelis v Castle Bridge Primary School
Judges:GA Hattingh
Case No:496/2005
Judgement Date:2006-03-16
Keywords:Costs – security for costs – close corporation – factors listed and considered – it is open to debate whether there is an onus on respondents – fact that Applicant may be unable to recover costs in event of success is not sufficient basis for order for security for costs – Application dismissed.
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Auction Alliance Vrystaat (Pty) Ltd v Bobbert
Judges:SPB Hancke, GF Wright,
Case No:A72/2005
Judgement Date:2006-03-03
Keywords:Handelsbeperking – verstryk voordat aansoek om verlof om te appelleer aangehoor is – artikel 21A Wet 59/1959 – vraag of bevel geen praktiese uitwerking sal hê nie, en dat appèl vir daardie rede afgewys moet word. Praktiese uitwerking van bevel – (i) regsvraag – teenstrydige hofbeslissings in hierdie Afdeling oor die toepassing van Grondwet 13 en 22 (ii)skadevergoedingsaksie – daar is realistiese moontlikheid om skade te bewys, daarom het bevel ook praktiese uitwerking of gevolg. Meriete van handelsbeperking – 12 maande vir die hele Republiek. Respondent was sedert 2000 in diens van Appellant, en is in 2002 as direkteur aangestel. Direkte kompetiese tussen groep maatskappye waarvan Appellant lid is en groep waarvoor Respondent nou werk. Hof aanvaar op appèl dat Respondent potensieel in staat is om sy handelsgeheime te misbruik. Die Hof a quo het fouteer – (a) Deur nie die saak te benader vanuit die oogpunt dat die bewyslas nog steeds op respondent gerus het om aan te dui dat die beperkingsklousule onredelik is, en nie afgedwing moes word nie. (b)Deur as uitgangspunt die beginsel dat ‘n persoon se unieke talente, gawes, kundigheid, bedrewenheid, vaardigheid en persoonlikheid nooit deur ‘n ander in beslag geneem kan word nie, te aanvaar, en die saak vanuit daardie oogpunt te benader. (c)Deur bewustelik, of onbewustelik, te aanvaar dat die beginsels soos uiteengesit in Grondwet 13 relevant is tot die beoordeling van hierdie aansoek. Hier is geen sprake van knegskap of dwangarbeid nie, nog minder van slawerny. Die respondent kon sekerlik enige ander werk as dié van afslaer gedurende die betrokke jaar aanvaar. (d)Deur nie respondent se erkennings in die dienskontrak (bo en behalwe die bewyslas hierbo reeds na verwys) as ‘n faktor in aanmerking te neem by die beoordeling van die geheel van die feite, en veral by die oorweging van die vraag of respondent se ontkennings kan opgaan al dan nie. (e)Deur nie in ag te neem dat dit oor die algemeen onwenslik is om in geskilpunte van hierdie aard, naamlik of ‘n beperkingsklousule afgedwing moet word al dan nie, die saak na mondelinge getuienis te verwys. Daar was dan ook geen versoek in dié verband deur enigeen van die partye nie. (f)Deur buite rekening te laat dat die hof by aansoeke van hierdie aard wel op die waarskynlikhede kon let, en op grond van die prentjie as geheel (d.w.s die totaliteit van feite vermeld en gepaardgaande met die waarskynlikhede ten opsigte daarvan) ‘n oordeel kon vel of die respondent se ontkennings en teenargumente gehandhaaf moes word (of ten minste in die uitspraak ‘n aanduiding moes verskaf het dat dit gedoen is). Indien daar op die feite van die aansoek as geheel gelet word, asook op die waarskynlikhede, is die afleiding geregverdig dat appellant ‘n beskermbare belang gehad het, en dat die beskerming van sodanige belang nie teen die openbare sedes was nie, en dat applikant die moontlikheid van die oortreding van die klousule bewys het. Hof verleen op appèl verklarende bevel dat beperking wel afdwingbaar is. Per Malherbe, RP Dissentiente: 1. Artikel 21A van Wet 59/1959: (a) Die Hof a quo het nie sy uitspraak op Grondwet 13 gebaseer nie, dus is daar nie teenstrydige uitsprake in hierdie Afdeling nie. (b)Die vraag is nie of die bevel vir 'n hipotetiese toekomstige geding van belang mag wees nie, maar of dit van belang is in 'n huidige geding tussen die partye. 2. Op meriete: Respondent was 'n ervare afslaer voordat hy in Appellant se diens getree het. Respondent se ontkennings is allermins onhoudbaar en saak kon nie op stukke teen Respondent beslis word nie. Sou dus die appèl op die meriete afwys.
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Everite Building Products (Pty) Ltd v Cassim, Chothia
Judges:Ebrahim, J
Case No:121/2005
Judgement Date:2006-02-16
Keywords:Suretyship – Before signing deed of suretyship, surety adding words limiting duration of suretyship. On receiving no response from creditor, surety was entitled to assume that the suretyship had been duly amended in accordance with his endorsement. Creditor’s claim on suretyship dismissed.
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Engelbrecht v POF
Judges:CJ Musi,
Case No:A38/2005
Judgement Date:2006-02-09
Keywords:Koste - hersiening van taksasie - landdros bekragtig klerk van die hof se taksasie met koste. Artikel 81 van Wet 32 van 1944 verbied nie die landdros om 'n kostebevel te maak nie. Appèl - teen landdros se bekragtiging van klerk van die hof se kostebevel - hersiening is korrekte prosedure - appèl van rol geskrap.
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Prokureursorde van die Vrystaat v Van den Berg en 'n Ander
Judges:GF Wright, MH Rampai,
Case No:3365/2005
Judgement Date:2005-12-08
Keywords:Prokureur – skrapping – prokureur geskrap omdat sy optrede reflekteer op die integriteit en eerlikheid van die beroep. Hier het hof met ontwykende antwoorde deur 'n regspraktisyn te doen. Die wyse waarop beide eerste en tweede respondente opgetree het na eerste respondent se skorsing toe tweede respondent deeglik daarvan bewus was, dui op 'n gebrek aan respek en ontsag vir hierdie skorsingsbevel. In plaas daarvan dat daar, soos verwag word, in alle opsigte gepoog sou word om te verseker dat so iets nie weer gebeur nie, was daar 'n traak-my-nie-agtige houding ten opsigte van optrede wat moontlike herhaling van die oortreding kon daarstel. Op 'n oorwig van waarskynlikhede kan derhalwe bevind word dat die klagtes teen die respondente gegrond is: spesifiek dat eerste respondent wel tydens die periode wat hy geskors was, gepraktiseer het en die hofbevel wat hom geskors het, geminag het, en dat artikel 83(4) van die Wet dus oortree is. Ook is die ander klagtes op 'n oorwig van waarskynlikhede bewys. Tweede respondent was in 'n groot mate die pion van die eerste respondent. Eerste respondent geskrap; tweede respondent vir 3 jaar geskors waarvan 1 jaar opgeskort word.
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Oos Vrystaat Kaap Bedryf Beperk v Hendrik Jacobus Bester
Judges:SPB Hancke
Case No:3031/2005
Judgement Date:2005-11-10
Keywords:Voorlopige vonnis – Skuldvergelyking – reg van eiser om skuldvergelyking toe te pas skep nie ‘n verweer nie. Voorwaarde dat uitstel reëlings maandeliks hersien word indien verweerder nie voldoen aan die vereistes vir kredietverlening nie, is ‘n beperking wat uitsluitlik ten gunste van die eiser is, en maak nie betaling onderhewig aan ‘n voorwaarde nie. Skuldversekeringspremies – eksentrieke getuienis nodig om te bepaal – wel bepaalbaar en berekenbaar. Aanhegting van dokument waarop eiser steun (Hofreël 8(2)) eiser se statuut – nie nodig om aan te heg nie. Voorlopige vonnis toegestaan.
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The State v Thabiso Johannes Moloi & 3 Others
Judges:HM Musi
Case No:22/2005
Judgement Date:2005-11-03
Keywords:Confession – Evidence by interpreter – where magistrate takes extra curial statement like confession from deponent whose language magistrate understands, but uses interpreter, the recording by magistrate of what accused said not hearsay and requires no confirmation by interpreter.
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Dlamini v Kubushi
Judges: S Ebrahim,
Case No:2957/2005
Judgement Date:2005-11-03
Keywords:Prescription – defendant alleging that plaintiff accepted payment as full and final settlement; plaintiff alleging that defendant misled him by saying the money was an interim payment. Court finding that probabilities favour defendant. Road Accident Fund – claim was lodged on 26 February 1993 and settled on 2 March 1994. Plaintiff's summons against defendant (attorney) served on defendant on 20 July 2004. Debt was due at the latest on 1 March 1994, and therefore became prescribed on 1 March 1997. Plaintiff alleging that prescription was interrupted in view of the disputed settlement agreement. Court rejecting plaintiff's version and upholding special plea of prescription.
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ABSA Bank Bpk v Vrystaat Ontwikkelingskorporasie
Judges:CHG Van der Merwe
Case No:3360/2005
Judgement Date:2005-10-20
Keywords:Voorlopige vonnis – waarborg – dokument moet in samehang daarvan uitgelê word – ook die omstandighede waaronder die waarborg gegee is en die verhouding waarin die partye tot mekaar gestaan het. In casu bevat waarborg geen erkenning van aanspreeklikheid nie – bepaal net dat bedrag tot beskikking van eiser gehou word, wat aan eiser betaalbaar sal word na ontvangs van skriftelike kennisgewing dat registrasies plaasgevind het. Verweerder loop dus slegs aanspreeklikheid op indien die registrasies wel plaasgevind. Voorlopige vonnis geweier.
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Copper Curve Investments CC t/a Naledi Private Test Station v The Premier of the Free State MEC : For Transport Roads & Public Works, Free State Province
Judges:SPB Hancke, HM Musi
Case No:2196/2005
Judgement Date:2005-10-14
Keywords:Review – Application to local authority for registration as a private testing station under regulation 130 of National Road Traffic Act 93 of 1996. Finding that applicant not suitable for registration unreasonable as envisaged by section 6(2)(h) of PAJA. Second respondent’s action not rationally connected to the information before him (section 6(2)(f)(cc) PAJA). Promotion of Administrative Justice Act 3 of 2000 – section 5: reasons to be given within 90 days – time limits in section 5 are directive and not peremptory. Court condoning reduced period under sec 9(1)(a) of PAJA. Also procedurally unfair (section 6(2)(cc) PAJA). Lack of fairness and reasonable probability of prejudice to applicant if matter referred back. Application regarded as exceptional within meaning of section 8(1)(c)(ii)(cc) of PAJA. Court ordering registration on review.
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St Helena Primary School v The MEC: Department of Education, Free State Province
Judges:HM Musi
Case No:891/2004
Judgement Date:2005-09-15
Keywords:Enrichment – school – insurance – subrogation. School building damaged by fire. School funding repairs by means of insurance payment and monies raised by it. Insurers instituting subrogated claim against Department on basis of enrichment. Court holding that although school does have enrichment action against Department the cardinal question is whether the general requirements of such action have been established. Enrichment actions are based on principles of equity and fairness, the ultimate question being whether in the particular circumstances of the case, it will be fair or not that the defendant should retain the value. Court finding that nature of relationship between school and Department is of paramount importance. The Department derives no real benefit from its nominal ownership. The real beneficiary is the school which can have exclusive occupation, control and enjoyment of such premises almost in perpetuity. Whereas the school has been impoverished by the amount expended on the repairs, that is offset by the fact that the improvement is to its benefit, rather than to its disadvantage. In that context, the enrichment is not at its expense. Court holding that by assuming responsibility for the maintenance and preservation of the buildings and properly insuring them with the full knowledge and approval of the department, a reasonable expectation was created that the department would not be held liable for the repair costs. That this is so, is confirmed by the fact that the school neither demanded that the department pays for the repairs nor that it be refunded the amount expended thereon. The school was not even aware that its insurer had instituted the instant action. Court coming to the conclusion that the enrichment was neither at the expense of the plaintiffs nor was it unjustified and the plaintiffs had no valid claim against the defendants. In the circumstances, subrogation could not take place. Action dismissed with costs.
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S Cairns v D Cairns
Judges:SPB Hancke
Case No:2499/2005
Judgement Date:2005-08-19
Keywords:Reël 43 Aansoek – Behoort gewoonweg nie meer as 30 bladsye (ongeveer 15 bladsye vir elk van die partye se verklarings) te beloop nie. Repliserende eedsverklaring – Reël 43 maak nie voorsiening daarvoor nie – behoort in hierdie geval nie toegelaat te word nie. Reël 43 Aansoek van rol geskrap omdat applikante se aansoek 51 bladsye beslaan. Applikante gelas om koste verbonde aan liassering van repliserende eedsverklaring te betaal op prokureur en kliënt skaal.
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E Murray v J J Murray
Judges:MH Rampai
Case No:855/2005
Judgement Date:2005-08-18
Keywords:Costs – Taxation – Employment of attorney at Senekal, whereas plaintiff lived in Bethlehem. Taxing Master overruling defendant’s objection and allowing costs of Senekal attorney. Court upholding Taxing Master’s decision and denying Appeal.
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Matsabu v Die Staat
Judges:CHG Van der Merwe
Case No:A312/2004
Judgement Date:2005-08-18
Keywords:Strafproses – lokvink – art. 252A(2) en (3) van Wet 51/1977. Toets is of die wetstoepassingsbeampte ’n aktiewe rol gespeel het om die beskuldigde te beweeg of oorreed om ’n misdryf te pleeg. Meer moet gedoen word as die blote skep van ’n geleentheid om ’n misdryf te pleeg.
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Auto & General Versekeringsmaatskappy Bpk v Lingani
Judges:SPB Hancke
Case No:A502/2003
Judgement Date:2005-08-11
Keywords:Jurisdiksie – Landdrosdistrik Thaba ’Nchu. Appèl in Oranje-Vrystaatse Provinsiale Afdeling aangehoor op 1 September 2003, en van rol verwyder omdat hierdie hof nie jurisdiksie het nie. Op 27 Julie 2003 sluit Minister Thaba ’Nchu distrik in by die jurisdiksie-gebied van OPA met ingang van 1 Augustus 2003. Op 30 Oktober 2003 trek Apellant vorige kennisgewing van appèl terug en liasseer ’n nuwe kennisgewing van appél na hierdie hof. Vorige kennisgewing van appèl was nietig omdat hierdie hof nie toe jurisdiksie gehad het nie. Huidige appèl is ’n nuwe appèl wat aangeteken is na insluiting van Thaba ’Nchu by die jurisdiksie-gebied van hierdie hof. Hof verleen kondonasie en appèl slaag.
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De Leeuw v Die Lid van die Uitvoerende Raad
Judges:CHG Van der Merwe, AP Beckley,
Case No:3099/2004
Judgement Date:2005-03-10
Keywords:Hersiening - Dorperaad - LUK is nie verplig om aanbeveling van Dorperaad te volg nie. LUK se redes beslaan 10 getikte bladsye, en dit kan nie gesê word dat die besluit nie rasioneel regverdigbaar is nie.
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Rantho v MEC for Tourism, Environmental Affairs and Economic Affairs & Another
Judges: S Ebrahim,
Case No:641/2005
Judgement Date:2005-03-03
Keywords:Review – suspension of employee – applicant informed on 4 February 2005 that his suspension was being contemplated, giving him an opportunity to provide reasons before 10 February 2005 why such suspension should not be implemented. Applicant not providing reasons. Second respondent on 11 February extending deadline for provision of reasons until 14 February 2005. Thereafter, prior to the expiry of the extended deadline, second respondent unilaterally withdrew the concession and drafted letter of suspension on 11 February which was presented to the applicant on 14 February 2005. Court finding that Code of Conduct is the sole source and authority for any suspension of an employee. Code to be strictly complied with. In terms of the Disciplinary Code suspension may only take place if the employee committed a serious offence and the employee's presence at the workplace might jeopardise any investigation. Court finding that both requirements have to be complied with before suspension. Court also holding that there was not proper compliance with the audi alteram partem rule. Decision to suspend applicant set aside.
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Sesele v Matjhabeng Local Municipality
Judges:HM Musi
Case No:3748/2004
Judgement Date:2005-02-27
Keywords:Employment law - Municipal manager given 72 hours to respond to allegations of failing to perform his function properly by Executive Major. Jurisdiction - section 157(2) Labour Relations Act - audi alteram partem rule is central to the notion of fair labour practice. A process which denies an employee a proper opportunity to state his case would be a threat to the constitutional right to a fair hearing. Matter found to be not one within the exclusive jurisdiction of the Labour Court. Order made prohibiting respondents from terminating applicant's employment without giving him a fair hearing, including proper notice.
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Morale v State 27/2003
Judges:C van Zyl,
Case No:27/2003
Judgement Date:2005-02-17
Keywords:Sentence - Habitual criminal - court has to consider the nature and circumstances of the previous convictions. Failure to do so constitutes a misdirection. Declaration as habitual criminal set aside; replaced with fixed term sentences.
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Nedcor v Rundle
Judges:
Case No:3618/2001
Judgement Date:2005-02-17
Keywords:Verjaring - bekragtiging van finale Likwidasie- en Distribusierekening is maar een van die gebeure wat die vereiste mate van finaliteit meebring wat tot gevolg sal hê dat die beletsel ophou bestaan. Hof vind dat eiser nie bewys het dat die Hoofskuld, vanaf datum van bekragtiging van die eerste Likwidasie- en Distribusierekening, 8 Augustus 2000, nog enigsins die voorwerp was van 'n eis wat hy teen die insolvente boedel ingestel het. Hoewel die finale Likwidasie- en Distribusierekening eers op 19 November 2002, minder as 'n jaar voor betekening van dagvaarding, goedgekeur is, het die beletsel dus opgehou om te bestaan vanaf 8 Agustus 2000. Hof vind dat eis verjaar het en staan absolusie toe.
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Claassens v Sentraoes Bpk
Judges:CB Cillié
Case No:3620/2000
Judgement Date:2005-01-20
Keywords:Arbitrasie - Waar 'n party tot 'n ooreenkoms wat 'n arbitrasieklousule bevat doelbewus besluit om nie te arbitreer nie, maar vir eie redes die status quo aanvaar, sal die hof nie ligtelik die diskresie wat artikel 3(2) van die Wet op Arbitrasie 42 van 1965, bied later in so 'n party se guns uitoefen nie. In sodanige omstandighede is daar nie voldoende rede om te weier om 'n party by sy kontrak om die geskil deur arbitrasie te laat bylê, te hou nie. Artikel 3(2) is op die toekoms gerig, nie om met 'n situasie wat ex post facto ontstaan het, te handel nie. Eiser se bewering dat hy deur wanvoorstelling deur Verweerder se verteenwoordigers afgesien het van sy reg tot arbitrasie op feite verwerp. Eiser se eis afgewys.
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The Governing Body of Bopasetjhaba v The Premier of the Free State Province
Judges:G van Coppenhagen, GF Wright
Case No:2238/2003
Judgement Date:2005-01-01
Keywords:Review - administrative action - decision by MEC not to erect a school building constitutes "administrative action" as contemplated in PAJA. Legitimate expectation - in view of promises and representations made, applicants could have had a legitimate expectation that the buildings would be erected, or at the very least that they would be heard before a decision to the contrary was taken. Substitution of decision by reviewing court - this can, according to section 8(1)(c) of PAJA only be done in exceptional cases. Where the material on which the decision is to be made is disputed, court will not make the decision. Matter referred back for decision by Premier and MEC, with the exclusion of any official of The Provincial Administration, after allowing representation by interested parties.
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S v Nhlapo
Judges:CB Cillié
Case No:SR199/2004
Judgement Date:2004-12-17
Keywords:Sentence - sexual intercourse with a girl under the age of 16 years with her consent. Such offence is not subject to minimum sentences legislation. Sentence is prescribed in section 22(f) of Act 23 of 1957, which prescribes a maximum sentence of R12 000 or 6 years.
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The Polygraph Center v Venter & Lietech
Judges:GA Hattingh
Case No:3992/2004
Judgement Date:2004-12-13
Keywords:Handelsbeperking - faktore wat hof oorweeg uiteengesit. Beslissing in Auction Alliance Vrystaat (Pty) Ltd v Fritz Otto Bobber en 1 Ander, saak 2143/2004 OPA gedateer 27 Mei 2004 omvergewerp. Hof beslis dat respondent aangetoon het dat die belang wat die applikant wens te beskerm, nie beskermingswaardig is nie en dat dit die openbare belang sal skaad indien respondent verhinder sou word om voort te gaan met sy gekose bedryf of besigheid.
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Citibank N.A. v Van Zyl N.O
Judges:CHG Van der Merwe
Case No:3805/2004
Judgement Date:2004-12-09
Keywords:Contempt of Court - High Court has jurisdiction to grant order for contempt of court based on failure of respondent to comply with orders of magistrate's court.
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S v Kolobe
Judges:HM Musi
Case No:1667/2004
Judgement Date:2004-12-09
Keywords:Firearm - fitness to posses a firearm -Firearms Control Act 60/2000. Accused convicted of possession of dagga and declared unfit to posses a firearm. Declaration of unfitness set aside on review.
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Rakgoale & Another v Premier Free State Province
Judges:JP Malherbe, GA Hattingh
Case No:3065/2004
Judgement Date:2004-12-07
Keywords:The 1st applicant was appointed in terms of a 5 year contract, as Head of Department of the Department of Public Works, Roads and Transport of the Free State Provincial Government. Second applicant was the HOD for the Department of Local Government and Housing of the Free State Provincial Government. Applicants seeking to have reviewed and set aside these two decisions taken by respondent. Three points in limine were raised: 1.Jurisdiction: Labour Court Court holding that dispute involves constitutional issues and not excluded from the jurisdiction of High Court. 2. Whether or not the respondent acted within the scope of her statutory powers This is a constitutional matter, and should be considered on the merits. 3.Whether or not the requirement in section 3(B)(2)(b) of the PSA of "consent" has been satisfied The third and last point in limine concerns only the second applicant. The basis for this point is that the determination of his application for relief ultimately depends on the narrow factual issue. The public interest approach adopted by respondent, in the instant matter, of how she went about to arrive at her decisions to transfer or deploy HOD's embraces a set of interlocking issues. All three points in limine dismissed. The Premier has the power to transfer employees, also HOD's, if the public interest so requires. Motion proceedings - referral to oral evidence - court satisfied that viva voce evidence will not disturb the balance of probabilities in respondent's favour. Further, court has a discretion whether to allow oral evidence to be led. Premier - evidence by - a court should be loath to order a premier to give evidence in relation to the performance of official duties.Application dismissed with costs.
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Ferox Investments (Pty) Ltd and Blue Dot Nursery CC t/a Jasmine Plant & Bird Centre
Judges:HM Musi
Case No:2511/2004
Judgement Date:2004-12-01
Keywords:Contract - interpretation - right to cancel contract where there is damage to any part of building complex, whether or not premises of lessee are involved - court adopting equitable construction - no right to cancel.
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ABRAHAM WILLEM ADRIAAN COETZEE and ANNA CATHARINA VAN DER WALT
Judges:HM Musi
Case No:2589/2003
Judgement Date:2004-11-25
Keywords:Sale – suspensive condition – if not fulfilled by date stipulated, contract lapses. Suspensive condition for protection of purchaser - purchaser can waive it, but must do so prior to stipulated date, failing which contract lapses. In casu, purchaser failed to fulfil the condition or to waive prior to cut off date – contract lapsed.
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Christian Buchukwu Omumatu and The Minister of Home Affairs The Director General Maree Basson N.O.
Judges:CHG Van der Merwe
Case No:3107/2003
Judgement Date:2004-11-25
Keywords:Immigration - temporary residence permit issued by Department of Home Affairs - Department writing letter stating that when the permit was issued (i) it was unknown that the applicant had previously been in possession of an asylum seeker permit (ii) in terms of the policy of The Department a temporary residence permit should not have been issued, and is therefore null and void. Counsel for Department submitted that the permit should be regarded as invalid and null and void and that therefore the rule nisi should be discharged. This submission was based on three grounds: it was submitted that the applicable legislation makes no provision for a permit such as the one in question. Secondly, in the alternative, it was submitted that the permit was invalid because of defects in the procedure that led to the issue of the permit. In the third place, counsel for respondents submitted that the permit is to be regarded as null and void in terms of the provisions of regulation 50. The Court rejected all arguments raised on behalf of Department. Constitutionality Regulation 50(1) - court expressing doubts on constitutionality of regulation 50(1) of 21 February 2003 (GG 24952). Temporary residence permit declared valid.
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NALA LOCAL MUNICIPALITY, MAKGOBE REGINA MATHIBE and THE SPEAKER OF LEJWELEPUTSWA, DISTRICT MUNICIPALITY, MR LOUIE GRIMSELL, THE MEMBER OF THE EXECUTIVE, COUNCIL RESPONSIBLE FOR LOCAL, GOVERNMENT AND HOUSING, FREE STATE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT
Judges:HM Musi
Case No:3228/2003
Judgement Date:2004-11-18
Keywords:Local Government – convening of meeting – correct procedure has to be followed. Appointment of commission of enquiry – neither Speaker nor council having power to appoint, such power vests in the Premier or MEC for local government. Initial internal investigation with no repercussions for the public envisaged. Administrative justice – PAJA – decision to appoint investigating committee was administrative action. Although decision was that of the speaker, the council fully discussed and endorsed it. The speaker has no power to appoint an ordinary investigating committee; such power vests in the council.
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LEBINA DANIëL TSOTETSI and NS MOHAPI, THE MUNICIPAL COUNCIL OF THE MOTHEO DISTRICT MUNICIPALITY
Judges:CHG Van der Merwe
Case No:3444/2004
Judgement Date:2004-11-11
Keywords:Local authority – Employee – suspension of manager by executive mayor – mayor having no such power under section 56 of the local government: Municipal Structures Act 117 of 1998 unless delegated in writing. Disciplinary proceedings – mayor has no power to institute disciplinary proceedings against officials or employees of municipality or to suspend any such official or employee. Declaratory order sought declaring meeting of council to have no force or effect, without attacking or dealing with the resolutions taken at that meeting – court has discretion under section 19(1)(a)(iii) of Supreme Court Act 59 of 1959 to make such order. No application to review and set aside resolutions at meeting – court refusing to make such declarator as it would pre-empt proceedings relating to resolutions taken at that meeting.
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A PAPAGAPIOU en SANTAM BEPERK
Judges:CB Cillié
Case No:2094/2003
Judgement Date:2004-11-11
Keywords:Versekering – bedrog by eis – sluit ook geval in waar versekerde poog om assessor om te koop, selfs al word bedrieglike eis nie eventueel ingedien nie. Hof bevind dat eiser bedrieglike metodes of middele gebruik het ten einde ‘n voordeel onder polis te verkry deur assessor te probeer omkoop om skade op te blaas. Eiser se eis afgewys.
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WATERHOUSE PROPERTIES CC, MOORE, JEAN-MARIE DENIS MAURICE, MOORE, JUANITA CATHERINE and HYPERCEPTION PROPERTIES 572 CC, METSIMAHOLO LOCAL MUNICIPALITY, RAND WATER
Judges:MH Rampai
Case No:4245/2004
Judgement Date:2004-10-28
Keywords:Neighbours – nuisance – structure erected over jetty on riverside property – demolition ordered.
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Alfa Laval Agri (Edms) Beperk (2) JR Brits h/a B-Kor v Iganatius Stephanus Ferreira (Snr) N.O., Ignatius Stephanus Ferreira (Jnr) N.O.
Judges:SPB Hancke
Case No:2327/2002
Judgement Date:2004-10-19
Keywords:Kontrak – reg tot skadeloosstelling - reg om skadevergoeding te eis op grond van kontrakbreuk maak die benadeelde party nie op skadeloosstelling geregtig nie. Verjaring – nodig om tussen “skuld” en “skuldoorsaak” te onderskei. Voorgestelde wysiging stel nuwe skuldoorsaak daar – aanvanklike skuldoorsaak was kontrak, wysiging in die alternatief op verryking gebaseer. Toets is of die skuld wat gevorder word wesenlik dieselfde is. Wye interpretasie moet aan “skuld” gegee word, dus bly dit wesenlik dieselfde.
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Badenhorst v Maluti-A-Phofung Municipality
Judges: S Ebrahim
Case No:3484/2003
Judgement Date:2004-09-09
Keywords:Exception - disbursements alleged in annexure possibly duplication - would be an over claim, not striking at the root of claim as a whole. Exception dismissed.
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Alberts v Prokureursorde van die Vrystaat
Judges:DJ Lombard, CHG Van der Merwe
Case No:1996/2004
Judgement Date:2004-09-06
Keywords:Prokureur - toelating - toelatingseksamen - uitslae deur respondent gekanselleer vanweë moontlike ongerymdhede waarby applikant glad nie betrokke was nie. Applikant se aansoek om toelating afgewys omdat respondent geregtig was om uitslae van eksamen ongeldig te verklaar, en bowendien bly sodanige besluit van respondent staan totdat dit tersyde gestel is.
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Smith v Matala
Judges:SPB Hancke, MH Rampai
Case No:208/2003
Judgement Date:2004-09-02
Keywords:Eiendomsagent - bykomende kommissie - eiendomsagent het nie getrouheidswaarborgsertifikaat gehad nie. Appellant het deurgaans opgetree as eiendomsagent, besig om handelinge te verrig as eiendomsagent, sonder dat sy 'n getrouheidswaarborgsertifikaat gehad het, en was dus nie op vergoeding geregtig nie. Selfs waar eiendomsagent 'n afsonderlike ooreenkoms met die koper aangegaan het vir addisionele kommissie, was daardie ooreenkoms steeds 'n eiendomsagentooreenkoms.
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Pienaar v Steenkamp
Judges:CHG Van der Merwe
Case No:1643/2003
Judgement Date:2004-08-26
Keywords:Actio de pauperie - skuldlose aanspreeklikheid Verweerder voer aan dat eiser nie bewys het dat dit vir die betrokke Boerboele of soortgelyke honde nie contra naturam sui generis is om 'n persoon wat die hond se gebied binnekom, aan te val nie, maar juis secundam naturam sui generis is om dit te doen. Die toets is of die optrede van die betrokke dier ooreenstem met die optrede wat regtens verwag word van 'n goed beheerde of goed gemanierde dier van die betrokke soort d.w.s. honde in die algemeen. Die toets is nie of die dier strydig met sy eie geaardheid of normale optrede opgetree het nie en selfs nie of sy gedrag verskil het van gewone optrede van die betrokke tipe hond nie. Dit word van 'n hond verwag om nie sonder grondige rede 'n persoon aan te val en te byt nie. Verweerder aanspreeklik gehou waar sy honde eiseres op sy perseel aangeval en gebyt het.
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Land- en Landbou Ontwikkelingsbank v Meester van die Hooggeregshof en 2 Ander
Judges:G van Coppenhagen
Case No:1074/2004
Judgement Date:2004-08-26
Keywords:Insolvensie - aanspreeklikheid vir sekwestrasiekoste - artikel 89(2) van Insolvensiewet 24 van 1936. Die doel van artikel 89(2) van die Insolvensiewet, No. 24 van 1936 is om 'n krediteur wie se sekuriteit van waarde is die geleentheid te bied om ter voldoening van sy vordering hom slegs op die sekuriteit te beroep en sodoende van aanspreeklikheid van sekwestrasiekoste gevrywaar te word. Applikant het by die indiening van sy vordering te kenne gegee dat indien daar 'n vrye oorskot beskikbaar was, hy in daardie oorskot wou deel, maar indien daar nie so 'n oorskot was nie, hy sy vordering tot die opbrengs van sy sekuriteit beperk. In die uitoefening van die opsies by die indiening van die vordering het applikant gevolglik nie "uitsluitend" vir voldoening van die vordering "op die opbrengs van die goed waaruit sy sekuriteit bestaan het" gesteun nie, maar inderdaad deelname ook uit die vrye oorskot, indien enige, beoog. Die gevolg van hierdie optrede is dat applikant hom nie binne die raamwerk van die bepalings van artikel 89(2) van die Insolvensiewet gebring het nie en hy derhalwe gevolglik nie kan aanspraak maak op vrywaring teen kontribusiepligtigheid wat in artikel 89(2) van die Insolvensiewet verleen word nie.
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Phenithi v Minister of Education
Judges: S Ebrahim
Case No:3831/2003
Judgement Date:2004-08-05
Keywords:Audi alteram partem - applicant given no hearing prior to her dismissal - where adequate warning is given of the consequences of extended absence without an explanation, the employer is relieved from the obligation to hold a hearing. Employee - desertion - mere absence is not desertion - court finding that the applicant deliberately absented herself from duty with the intention not to return, and thereafter changed her mind for unknown reasons. Court finding that employee deserted her post and that dismissal was therefore substantially fair. Court finding that adequate warning had been given and that employer acted correctly. Constitutional law - Employment of Educators Act 76 of 1998 - section 14(1) discretion therein to deem employee discharged after being absent from work for a period exceeding 14 days - section 14(1) not unconstitutional.
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National DPP v Molatlhoe
Judges:JP Malherbe
Case No:614/2004
Judgement Date:2004-08-05
Keywords:Prevention of Organised Crime Act 121 of 1998 - restraint order in terms of section 26. If, defendant is convicted of dealing in dagga and there is acceptable evidence of other instances where dagga was either possessed on or sold from property belonging to him, such possession or sale could be sufficiently related to his dealing in dagga as contemplated by section 18(1)(c) of the Act and evidence of such possession or sale will be admissible against defendant in restraint or forfeiture proceedings under the Act. The fact that defendant does not have access to such evidence or information (whatever that might mean) cannot stand in the way of applicant to prove the relationship required in section 18(1)(c) of the Act. Chapter 5 (section 18) requires the Court to enquire whether a defendant has derived any benefit from his offence or related criminal activity whereas Chapter 6 (section 38) requires the Court to make a finding whether there are reasonable grounds to believe that the property concerned is an instrumentality of an offence or is the proceeds of unlawful activity. Applicant does not allege that the defendant acquired any of the property in question directly with the proceeds of dealing in dagga or that such property was an instrumentality of such dealing. Applicant's case is in fact simple: Defendant's lawful income is insufficient to account for his known assets. He has committed the offence of dealing in dagga and there is a relationship between his erven and motor vehicles, on the one hand, and his own offences and related criminal activities in the past, on the other hand. Therefore, he probably benefited from either his own offences or criminal activities related to those offences. The benefit need not consist of any realisable property but may even be the ability to support his family. Court finding that the trial court may find that the defendant probably benefited from dealing in dagga or related criminal activities. Therefore, the court held, there are reasonable grounds for believing that a confiscation order may be made against him. Provisional restraint order confirmed.
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Yona v Rakotsoane
Judges:MH Rampai
Case No:1177/2004
Judgement Date:2004-08-05
Keywords:Burial – wishes of deceased – principles to be applied set out. Deceased showed her wish in a document, indicating where she wanted to be buried; but not indicating who must bury her. Dispute between deceased’s husband (applicant) on the one hand and her mother and brother on the other hand. Applicant indicating that he did not intend honouring the wish of the deceased to have her buried at Philipolis. Respondents indicating that they would honour that wish. Considerations of equity and fairness weighed heavily in favour of respondents and against applicant, in that 1) the applicant had consented that the respondents take the body to Philipolis; 2) the respondents had already made advanced funeral expenses and incurred expenses, whereas applicant had not incurred expenses and had not made any serious arrangements. Court finding in favour of respondents.
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Janse van Rensburg v Departementshoof: Departement van Toerisme
Judges:SPB Hancke
Case No:2473/2004
Judgement Date:2004-08-04
Keywords:Werknemer - aansoek dat besluit wat werknemer skors, opgehef word. Arbeidshof - jurisdiksie - waar applikant saak baseer op aantasting van grondwetlike regte het Hooggeregshof konkurente jurisdiksie met die Arbeidshof. Openbare amp - uitoefening daarvan moet geskied in ooreenstemming met die Grondwet en die legaliteitsbeginsel. Audi alteram partem reël - tydperk van twee ure om vertoë te rig, sonder om enige besonderhede van beweerde klagte te verstrek, onredelik en prosedureel onbillik. Die dae van die outokratiese burokraat wat nie verantwoording vir sy of haar besluite hoef te doen nie, is iets van die verlede. Werkgewer wat werknemer skors is regtens verplig om sy optrede te regverdig. Hy word nie met 'n bewyslas opgesaal nie, maar moet ten minste prima facie getuienis hê, byvoorbeeld 'n finansiële verslag waar rekenkundige onreëlmatighede die rede vir die skorsing is. Die besluit om applikante te skors ter syde gestel.
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Louw v LUR
Judges:CB Cillié
Case No:534/2002
Judgement Date:2004-07-29
Keywords:Spesiale pleit – middellike aanspreeklikheid. SA Skole Wet 84 van 1996, a.20(4) en (10) - uitsluiting van aanspreeklikheid van staat – eerste verweerder steun op hierdie bepaling vir spesiale pleit. Hof vind dat a.20 nie staat se aanspreeklikheid vir delikte uitsluit nie. Tweede verweerder steun op a.60 van Wet 84 van 1996 wat bepaal dat die staat (dus nie die bestuursliggaam nie) aanspreeklik is vir skade. Hof vind dat a.60(1) uitsluitlike aanspreeklikheid vir die staat (1ste verweerder) daarstel – dis ‘n sambreelbepaling wat daarop gerig is om aanspreeklikheid op die staat te vestig ter vervanging van bestuursliggaam se aanspreeklikheid. Spesiale pleit van eerste verweerder afgewys. Spesiale pleit van tweede verweerder slaag.
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Basadi v MEC
Judges:CB Cillié
Case No:1455/2004
Judgement Date:2004-07-29
Keywords:Tender – applicant not registered as taxpayer – applicant not attaching certificate of good standing with the Revenue Service – applicant’s tender excluded by respondent. Legitimate expectation – tenders previously submitted to respondent by joint ventures with only the joint venture parties and not the joint venture itself submitting tax clearance certificates. Court finding that the representation underlying the expectation to be legitimate, clear, unambiguous and devoid of relevant qualification. Applicant’s defective application can in casu not be validated by the legitimate expectation doctrine.
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Meyer v Moqhaka Local Municipality
Judges:MH Rampai
Case No:4008/2003
Judgement Date:2004-06-24
Keywords:Municipality – duty to provide electricity – Electricity Act 41 of 1987 ss. 10, 22 – grounds upon which a municipality may refuse to supply electricity to residents set out and discussed. Lessee, employed by close corporation owner of premises, which close corporation had fallen into arrears and had electricity supply disconnected, applying in his own name. Municipality not entitled to refuse application.
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Zwarts v Straszacker
Judges:AP Beckley
Case No:3175/2003
Judgement Date:2004-06-17
Keywords:Koop en verkoop – voetstoots klousule – waar verkoper bewus is van defek (besmette kudde) verval beskerming van voetstoots klousule. Hof vind dat verweerder roekeloos was om in advertensie vir veiling te beweer dat kudde negatief getoets is. (Aansoek om verlof om te appelleer ingedien)
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Venter v Coetzee
Judges:AP Beckley
Case No:916/2003
Judgement Date:2004-06-17
Keywords:Maatskappyereg – likwidateur – a. 386(4) van Maatskappyewet – magtiging om geregtelike stappe in te stel. Kommissie – vraag of likwidateurs geregtig is om die getuienis wat voor ‘n kommissie opgelê is, te openbaar. Hof vind geen beswaar teen openbaarmaking nie, maar neem getuienis voor kommissie gelei nie in aanmerking by oorweging van hofaansoek nie. Mosieverrigtinge – feitegeskil – hof vind dat respondente se weergawes vergesog en onhoudbaar is en dat geen wesenlike en bona fide feitegeskil bestan nie. Piramidaleskema – Hof oorweeg buitensporige rentekoerse wat aangebied is (45% oor ‘n periode van 4–6 maande) wat lei tot 90% per jaar. Feit dat daar geen aanvangskapitaal was om aandele te koop nie dui ook op onaanvaarbaarheid van respondent se weergawe. Geen aanduiding dat maatskappy ‘n bona fide inkomste verdien het wat aangewend kon word vir bedryfskoste en infrastrutuur nie. Bedrag waarmee maatskappy aandele moes koop, nl. R21 467 423,60, het maatskappy nooit gehad nie. Hof oortuig dat maatskappy ‘n onwettige piramidale skema bedryf het, en maak sodanige verklarende bevel. Hof verwys kwessie van persoonlike aanspreeklikheid en vraag na die gebruik van die getuienis by die kommissie gelewer, na getuienis. (Aansoek om verlof om te appelleer ingedien)
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Federasie van Beheerliggame van Suid-Afrikaanse Skole: Vrystaat & 1 Ander v Die Departementshoof: Departement Onderwys Vrystaat
Judges:GA Hattingh
Case No:2064/2003
Judgement Date:2004-05-20
Keywords:'n Verduidelikende nota met betrekking tot konsepwetgewing is toelaatbaar as hulpmiddel by vertolking van daardie wet.
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I J Burger v Rand Water Raad
Judges:GA Hattingh
Case No:161/2004
Judgement Date:2004-04-29
Keywords:Praktyk - waar in 'n hofbevel verlof verleen word om 'n pleitstuk te wysig, is dit nie nodig om ingevolge Eenvormige Hofreël 28 op te tree nie, maar kan die gewysigde pleitstuk bloot afgelewer word.
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B B Coetzee & 17 Ander v C J Venter N.O. & 1 Ander
Judges:SPB Hancke
Case No:919/2004
Judgement Date:2004-04-01
Keywords:Sekuriteit van koste - Oorwegings ter sake waar sekuriteitstelling vir koste deur 'n likwidateur geverg word.
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Eskom v Thabo Mofutsanyana Distriksraad
Judges:SPB Hancke
Case No:4184/
Judgement Date:2004-03-18
Keywords:Uitbreiding van die gemenereg ingevolge art 39 van die Grondwet om voorsiening te maak vir 'n Konstitusionele remedie om betaling van onverskuldigde belastings terug te vorder, nie geregverdig nie.
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Eskom v Thabo Mofutsanyana Distriksraad
Judges:SPB Hancke
Case No:4184/2001
Judgement Date:2004-03-18
Keywords:Streeksdiensteraadheffings - terugbetaling van. Verryking - condictio indebiti - analogiese aanwending daarvan - eiser se betalings nie te wyte aan 'n bona fide fout nie, maar weens die feit dat dit polities nie korrek sou wees om die plaaslike owerheid te antagoniseer nie. Grondwet - artikel 25(1) - eiser is nie "ontneem" van eiendom waar hy gelde betaal het soos in hierdie geval nie. Eiser het statutêre en gemeenregtelike remedies wat nie strydig is met die Grondwet nie, maar was nie in staat om sy saak binne die trefwydte daarvan te bring nie. Eis om terugbetaling afgewys.
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Staat v P T Mokoena
Judges:CB Cillié
Case No:SR2/2003
Judgement Date:2004-02-26
Keywords:Strafreg - Wanneer verrigtinge weens onbeskikbaarheid van voorsittende beampte tersyde gestel sal word.
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The Maize Board v Temple Albert Hart
Judges:SPB Hancke
Case No:2726/1996
Judgement Date:2004-02-12
Keywords:Evidence - Admissibility of documentary evidence containing statements by third persons in terms of The Law of Evidence Amendment Act no. 45 of 1988.
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L H R Erwee N.O. & 1 Ander v M J Erwee N.O. & 5 Ander
Judges:CB Cillié
Case No: 3714/2003
Judgement Date:2004-01-29
Keywords:Uitleg van trustakte. Woorde "benoem" en "aanstel" daarin nie sinoniem nie.
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C H Boshoff v Nketoana Munisipaliteit
Judges:JP Malherbe
Case No:1935/2003
Judgement Date:2003-12-11
Keywords:Munisipaliteit - heffing van belasting op plaaseiendomme ongeldig weens nie-nakoming van voorskrifte van Vrystaatse Ordonnansie no. 8 van 1962.
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Prokureursorde v Levin
Judges:CB Cillié
Case No:1010/2003
Judgement Date:2003-12-11
Keywords:Prokureur – werwing van derdeparty eise – finansiering van kliënte se uitgawes deur instansies teen ‘n buitensporige hoë rentekoers – oorverhaling van fooie – prokureur geskors vir drie jaar.
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Boshoff v Nketoana Munisipaliteit
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Case No:1935/2003
Judgement Date:2003-12-11
Keywords:Plaaslike owerheid – munisipale belasting op plase – respondent het nie aan voorvereistes voldoen nie – heffing van belasting deur respondent ingevolge a 10G(7)(a) van die Oorgangswet op Plaaslike Regering Wet 209 van 1993, en a 114(3)(a) van die Ordonnansie op Plaaslike Bestuur, 8 van 1962 (Vrystaat), ongeldig verklaar.
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S v Cloete
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Case No:A325/2003
Judgement Date:2003-11-27
Keywords:Straf – verhoorhof het die belange van die beskuldigde oorbeklemtoon ten koste van die belange van die gemeenskap. Strafbare manslag – vonnis van 4 jaar gevangenisstraf ingevolge a 276(1)(i) (korrektiewe toesig) verander na 10 jaar gevangenisstraf waarvan 2 jaar opgeskort is.
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S v Snyman
Judges:
Case No:56/2003
Judgement Date:2003-11-13
Keywords:Praktyk – landdroste moet deurgaans daarna streef om volledige redes vir skuldigbevindings te verskaf – hulle word in elk geval deur Landroshofreël 67(3)(b) verplig om dit na ontvangs van ‘n kennisgewing van appèl te doen. Waar die oorkonde geen redes vir die skuldigbevinding bevat nie, moet die hof die beste doen wat hy kan met behulp van wat beskikbaar is.
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Munusamy v Hefer NO and Others
Judges:
Case No:3637/2003
Judgement Date:2003-11-11
Keywords:Evidence – journalist as a witness – freedom of the press – obligation to testify. The applicant alleged that she was not obliged to respond to a subpoena to testify before a Commission of Inquiry headed by the first respondent. She also alleged that, if she was to give evidence, that should be only after all other evidence had been given. The applicant alleged that her evidence was not relevant and admissible. The Court held that there can be no doubt that many legitimate questions can be put to her regarding documents that would not require her to divulge the identity of any of her sources of information. There can also be no doubt that her evidence about what she and Mr Maharaj, for example, spoke about will not be hearsay in view of the fact that he will also testify. Confirmation by him of her version of their talks, or differences between their versions, may be very helpful to the Commission in making findings of fact in relation to its terms of reference. The fact that third respondent had been the subject of an investigation about spying years ago, and the result of that investigation, may very well assist the Commission to answer the questions posed in its terms of reference. The Court held that the investigation was plainly in the public interest, notwithstanding its possible political implications. The Court found that the applicant is a person who can give admissible and relevant evidence before the Commission and that first respondent did not err in any way when he summoned her to testify. Regarding the question whether the applicant would be entitled only to give evidence after all other witnesses had testified, the Court held that she was not so entitled. On the facts of the present case, the articles in the City Press that emanate from applicant constitute the beginning of the “story”. These articles led directly to the appointment of the Commission within a matter of days. They were the result of applicant’s investigations. She is the primary source of information about her investigations. The Commission is entitled to know how she conducted her investigations and what she discovered as a result thereof. Although she cannot say whether third respondent was in fact a spy, her testimony may very well open up other avenues to explore to get to the right answer. The obvious place to start is where the “story” begins. Consequently the Court dismissed the application to review and set aside the decision of the first respondent which compelled her to respond to a subpoena.
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S v Van derWesthuizen
Judges:MH Rampai,
Case No:256/2002
Judgement Date:2003-10-30
Keywords:Forged bank notes - section 34(1)(d) of Act 90 of 1989 criminalizes the possession of forged bank notes, not only the tools used. The words "any material whatsoever" include a forged bank note. The method of producing forged notes is irrelevant or purposes of section 34.
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Huang & 1 Ander v Provinsiale Kommissaris: Korrektiewe Dienste + 1 Ander
Judges:
Case No:2194/2003
Judgement Date:2003-10-23
Keywords:Gevangene – spesiale afslag van vonnis – ingevolge a68 van die Wet op Korrektiewe Dienste 8/59 kan slegs ‘n enkele afslag van hoogstens twee jaar aan ‘n gevangene verleen word.
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Handy Cash BK t/a Kgotsofalang Cash Loans v Matjhabeng Munisipaliteit
Judges:
Case No:2869/2003
Judgement Date:2003-10-23
Keywords:Contract - termination of - contract for indefinite period - to be distinguished from contract in perpetuity - contract for indefinite period can be terminated by reasonable notice. In this case, contract for indefinite period terminated by reasonable notice. Application dismissed.
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The Nikelo Communal Property Association v T M Nikelo & 3 Others
Judges:
Case No:2590/2003
Judgement Date:2003-10-09
Keywords:Land – eviction – occupation of land for communal or industrial purposes – unlawful occupier as defined in s1 of PIE (Prevention of Illegal Evictions from and Unlawful Occupation of Land Act 19 of 1998) includes the commercial farming occupier as referred to in s1 of ESTA (Extension of Security of Tenure Act 62/1997). Application removed from the roll with costs in order to allow Applicant to supplement its papers by giving the requisite notice under PIE.
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TM Monakane & 6 Others v JC Roberts & 2 Others
Judges:
Case No:2822/2003
Judgement Date:2003-10-09
Keywords:Interdict – interim interdict – Applicants seeking order that disciplinary appeal hearing be suspended pending adjudication of their application for leave to appeal against High Court Judgment. Interim interdict can not be granted to protect a non-existent right. Applicants also failed to show that they would suffer irreparable harm if their appeals should be heard. Application dismissed.
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Newcastle Kings Hotel (Edms) Bpk & 1 Ander v Safcam (Edms) Bpk
Judges:
Case No:3134/2003
Judgement Date:2003-09-25
Keywords:Versekering – makelaar se sorgsaamheidsplig – dit val nie binne ‘n makelaar se sorgsaamheidsplig om agter die versekerde aan te loop om premie te gaan vorder nie. Bowendien het eiser op oorwig van waarskynlikhede geweet dat premie uitstaande is en dat daar nie dekking was nie. Eis met koste afgewys.
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Jankowitz en 'n ander v Padongelukkefonds
Judges:
Case No:1902/2003
Judgement Date:2003-09-25
Keywords:Koste - hersiening van taksasie ingevolge Reël 48(3) en 48(5). Koste van korrespondent-prokureur - in diskresie van takseermeester verhaalbaar. Koste van deskundige - net toelaatbaar as Hof spesiale bevel maak.
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Staat v M
Judges:
Case No:17/2003
Judgement Date:2003-09-05
Keywords:Strafreg – Bestialiteit – misdryf nie strydig met Grondwet nie.
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DALEEN ALTA DE SWARDT v THE HOUSE OF TRUCKS (EDMS) BEPERK
Judges:
Case No:19/2002
Judgement Date:2003-09-04
Keywords:Koop en verkoop – finansieringsooreenkoms – gesimuleerde ooreenkoms – waarborg van ‘n verkoper. Die eiser het met verweerder ooreengekom om tenkwaens by verweerder te koop. Die verweerder het beweer dat dit deurgaans die bedoeling van die partye was dat die tenkwaens deur verweerder aan Planet Finance verkoop sou word en dat Planet Finance dan die tenkwaens met voorbehoud van eiendomsreg aan eiser sou verhuur. Op 8 Februarie 2001 het eiser mondeling met ‘n verteenwoordiger van verweerder ooreengekom om die tenkwaens te koop teen R512 000 plus BTW per stel. Toe eiser die eerste betaling ingevolge die huurooreenkoms met Planet Finance moes doen, het daar ernstige probleme met die tenkwaens geblyk. Planet Finance het verweerder betaal vir die tenkwaens. Eiser het die tenkwaens tweekeer by ooreenkoms met verweerder aan verweerder teruggegee vir herstelwerk. Na die tweede poging was die tenkwaens steeds nie behoorlik herstel nie, waarop eiser die eerste paaiement verskuldig aan Planet Finance gestaak het. Verskeie probleme is voortdurend met die tenkwaens ondervind. Verweerder het by herhaling kosteloos maar sonder sukses gepoog om die tenkwaens te herstel. Eiser het op geen stadium vir die tenkwaens betaal nie. Eiser het verweerder oorreed om die bedrag wat Planet Finance aan hom betaal het, aan Planet Finance terug te betaal. Verweerder het dit gedoen en eiser versoek om die tenkwaens aan Planet Finance terug te lewer, wat hy gedoen het. Die hof bevind dat, ondanks die indruk wat die huurooreenkoms skep, wou die partye met mekaar kontrakteer, en die betrokkenheid van Planet Finance was slegs om die transaksie te finansier. Die hof aanvaar dat daar op 8 Februarie 2001 ‘n koopooreenkoms tussen eiser en verweerder tot stand gekom het. Die onbetwiste getuienis van De Swart is volkome in ooreenstemming hiermee: al die besonderhede is met mekaar bespreek, en daar is geen sprake daarvan dat Planet Finance ooit betrokke was behalwe om die nodige finansiering te verskaf nie. Toe die probleme ontstaan, het die verweerder, sonder om melding te maak van Planet Finance se betrokkenheid, by herhaling gepoog om aan eiser te lewer dít waarop ooreengekom is. Uit die korrespondensie blyk dit onteenseglik dat die verweerder ook onder die indruk verkeer het dat die partye ‘n ooreenkoms gesluit het met mekaar in voormelde terme. Verweerder het aan eiser ‘n “algehele waarborg” gegee teen enige gebreke in die tenkwaens. Die hof bevind dat, ondanks die feit dat ‘n geskrewe formele ooreenkoms tussen die eiser en Planet Finance aangegaan is, was die mondelinge ooreenkoms tussen eiser en verweerder daarby ingelyf. Die hof vind verder dat gevolgskade nie uitgesluit was nie, en dat die verweerder dus teenoor eiser verantwoordelik is op die waarborg, en vir gevolgskade. Nota: Verlof tot appèl is toegestaan.
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Britz v Britz
Judges:
Case No:804/2003
Judgement Date:2003-09-04
Keywords:Praktyk – plasing van aansoeke en verhore – Reël 62(4) van die Eenvormige Hofreëls bepaal dat die applikant of eiser minstens vyf dae voor die verhoor die Hofstukke moet pagineer en vasmaak en ‘n inhoudsopgawe voorsien. Die Rol vir bestrede aansoeke in hierdie Afdeling sluit op Vrydae om 12:00 wat die Donderdag onmiddellik voorafgaan waarop die aansoek aangehoor word. In hierdie geval is gepoog om die stukke die dag voor die verhoor (die Woensdag) te pagineer. Die Regter het daardie versoek geweier. Op die Donderdag is die aansoek vir een week uitgestel, en het koste oorgestaan. Geen gronde vir kondenasie van die nie-nakoming van die Hofreëls is aangetoon nie. Op die uitsteldatum het die hof gelas dat koste veroorsaak deur die uitstel deur Applikant se prokureur de bonis propriis op die skaal soos tussen prokureur en kliënt betaal moet word.
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Prokureursorde van die Vrystaat v Britz
Judges:
Case No:510/2003
Judgement Date:2003-08-28
Keywords:Prokureur - geskrap van rol - doen van prokureurswerk - respondent erken dat hy bewus was dat hy as gevolg van sy skrapping a prokureur nie direk of indirek hetsy vir eie rekening hetsy in vennootskap as prokureur mag praktiseer nie - skuldig aan minagting van die hof en opgeskorte gevangenisstraf opgelê.
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Ledimo & 6 Others v Minister of Safety and Security & 1 Other
Judges:
Case No:2242/2003
Judgement Date:2003-08-28
Keywords:Parties – State – where a person has an action against the State it is permissible to sue the State by citing its responsible political head. The minister is the most authoritative, the most representative and the most responsible of all State functionaries. In an action against the Police, the minister can be properly cited, there is no need to cite the National or Provincial Director. Jurisdiction – Labour Court – in casu the complaint is not about the unfairness of the suspension – it is about the unlawfulness of the decision taken against them or the administrator and performed by the State as employer against them. Urgency – financial hardship in itself not sufficient to establish urgency – need for applicant to act swiftly – Application dismissed for lack of urgency.
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Makume and Another v Northern Free State District Municipality and 20 Others
Judges:
Case No:1648/2003
Judgement Date:2003-08-21
Keywords:Municipality - mayor and councillors - removal of - prior notice of motion to be given - allegation that applicant had resigned not shown - mayor and councillors reinstated.
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Interdaf Int (EDMS) BPK v Westcott en 'n ander
Judges:
Case No:675/2003
Judgement Date:2003-08-15
Keywords:Anton Piller bevel beslaglegging van dokumente as daar 'n saaklike of persoonlike reg op dokumente is, is beslaglegging normaalweg deel van tussentydse bevel. Verskil tussen 'n tussentydse beslaglegging en 'n Anton Piller bevel (wat onderhewig is aan heroorweging) is bloot formalisties. Vereistes vir verlening van Anton Piller bevel moet gegronde vrees wees dat dokumente nie meer beskikbaar sal wees tydens blootlegging of die verhoor nie redes in casu aangevoer blote spekulasie. Anton Piller bevel vir daardie rede ter syde gestel.
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Hyper Agrochemicals en ‘n ander v Van der Bank
Judges:
Case No:1921/2003
Judgement Date:2003-08-14
Keywords:Sekwestasie – steun op likwidateur se eis waar aansoek om tersydestelling van likwidasiebevel teen ander skuldenaar hangende is – onvoldoende gronde. Aansoek om voorlopige sekwestrasie afgewys.
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Molefe v Dihlabeng Local Municipality and others
Judges:
Case No:1885/2003
Judgement Date:2003-08-14
Keywords:Disciplinary hearing – allegation that matter lapsed – no need to review suspension after charges have been brought in. Postponement – refusal of request for postponement. Applicant’s attorney requested a postponement to allow applicant to approach High Court for a review application. General rule is that proceedings should not be interrupted in mid stream; it is not desirable to dispose of issues on a piecemeal basis – disciplinary code providing that proceedings can take place in the absence of the accused. Ratification of appointment of mayor – principles discussed and applied. It is important to distinguish between acts which are ab initio void and which will never be legal on the one hand, and when “the affair is still in such a condition that the original act could be validly done”, on the other hand.
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Makume and another v Northern Free State Municipality
Judges:
Case No:1648/2003
Judgement Date:2003-08-14
Keywords:Local authority – Mayor removed from position – question of resigning or relinquishing position – majority party in the council should demonstrate its honest commitment to good governance by cultivating, promoting, practising and respecting the values of transparency and openness in all the spheres of government. Caucus meeting deciding to remove mayor – resolution still has to be properly taken in council meeting.
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S v Phika
Judges:
Case No:28/2003
Judgement Date:2003-08-11
Keywords:Vonnis – jeugdige. - Beginsels verduidelik - voorvonnisverslag – afwesigheid nie noodwendig onreëlmatig nie.
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Van der Walt en 'n ander v Le Roux en 'n ander
Judges:
Case No:3638/2001
Judgement Date:2003-07-31
Keywords:Notariele verband - kansellasie van - verkeerdde beskrywing van skuld - oorweging en toepassing van beginsels.
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Molefe v Dhihlabeng Local Municipality
Judges:
Case No:1185/2003
Judgement Date:2003-06-05
Keywords:Employee - disciplinary enquiry - no need to finalise enquiry during period of suspension. As from the time the employee is charged, there is no further need for the mayor to carry on suspending the employee from time to time until the enquiry is finalised. Local authority - Delegated powers of "emergency team" to perform duties on behalf of council. The "emergency team" has no power to further delegate its duties.
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Blackie v Die Staat
Judges:
Case No:4608/2002
Judgement Date:2003-03-27
Keywords:Getuienis - jeugdige getuie - toelaatbaarheid van getuienis van deskundige ten aansien van geloofwaardigheidsaspek van getuienis.
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PAH van Zyl v MMM Fourie
Judges:
Case No:75/2002
Judgement Date:2003-03-27
Keywords:Dier - actio de pauperie - bydraende nalatigheid van eiseres nie bewys nie - hoe redelike persoon sou optree - toets vir nalatigheid - by vraag of eiseres onregmatig op perseel was rus bewyslas op verweerder. Appél afgewys. In die minderheidsuitspraak kom Van Coppenhagen, R tot 'n teenoorgestelde gevolgtrekking.
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Bierman v Mutual & Federal Versekeringsmaatskappy Bpk
Judges:
Case No:3023/1999
Judgement Date:2003-03-20
Keywords:Versekeringskontrak - vereiste dat versekerde binne spertydperk moet dagvaar na weiering van skadeloosstelling - vraag of versekerde vrygestel word daarvan afhanklik van grondslag waarop versekerde skadeloosstelling weier - weiering gebaseer op die terme van die polis nie repudiasie wat versekerde vrystel van spertydperk - versekerde alleen vrygestel as effek van weiering 'n repudiasie van die versekeringskontrak deur die versekeraar daarstel.
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Holtzhausen v ABSA Bank Bpk
Judges:
Case No:2951/2000
Judgement Date:2003-03-20
Keywords:Delik - waar partye in kontraktuele verhouding staan word deliktuele eisgrond nie toegelaat nie - absolusie van die instansie toegestaan.
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Standard Bank of SA Ltd and Another v Lesotho National Life Assurance Co Ltd and Another
Judges:
Case No:4064/2002
Judgement Date:2003-03-13
Keywords:Consolidation of actions - prejudice and convenience relevant - more than two parties involved in different capacities - relevance of resulting prejudice.
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S v Mohapi
Judges:
Case No:307/2003
Judgement Date:2003-03-06
Keywords:Arms and ammunition - possession of firearm - accused to be warned of minimum sentence involved where semi-automatic weapon - on facts court holding that explanation of accused as to his possession reasonably possibly true.
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Alfa Laval (Pty) Ltd en 'n ander v Ferreira SNR NO en 'n ander
Judges:
Case No:2327/2002
Judgement Date:2003-02-13
Keywords:Delik - waar partye in 'n drieledige kontraktuele verhouding staan is dit ongewens om 'n deliktuele eisoorsaak toe te staan. Verryking - kan nie in replikasie gepleit word nie. Replikasie - is antwoord, dit kan nie 'n eisoorsaak soos verryking daarstel nie. Verjaring - word gestuit deur 'n skuldoorsaak in 'n dagvaarding - skuldooraak uit verryking verskil van 'n skuldoorsaak uit kontrak - skuldoorsaak uit verryking het reeds verjaar.
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Oosthuisen v LUR: Plaaslike Regering en Behuising en 'n ander
Judges:
Case No:2955/2002
Judgement Date:2003-01-23
Keywords:Provinsiale wetgewer - plig om vrae van lede te beantwoord - geen inbreuk op grondwetlike regte van lid van Wetgewer nie - inmenging deur hof oor die beantwoording van vrae sal onprakties en onwenslik wees. Koste - respondent se gedrag toon gebrek aan samewerking - geen kostebevel gemaak nie.
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S v Mashali
Judges:
Case No:2376/2002
Judgement Date:2002-12-12
Keywords:Aanklag van oortreding van herroepe wet - ontsnapping - vervangende wet skep presies selfde oortreding as herroepe wet - Wet op Korrektiewe Dienste 111 van 1998 wat op 19 Februarie 1999 in werking getree het se artikel 177 skep selfde oortreding as herroepe a 48(1)(a) van die herroepe Wet 8 van 1959 - skuldigbevinding aan o/art 48(1)(a) van Wet 8 van 1959 op hersiening vervang met een van o/art 177 Wet 111 van 1998 en vonnis onveranderd gelaat.
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RCG Trade & Finance (Pty) Ltd v Moores Rowland
Judges:
Case No:3955/2001
Judgement Date:2002-12-12
Keywords:Accountant - duty of care to third parties - principles of liability explained and applied to the facts - found that allegations not sufficient to found liability Exception - allegation that accountant breached duty of care towards third party - exception upheld on particulars of claim as framed now.
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Van Eeden en 'n ander v Engelbrech
Judges:
Case No:3414/2002
Judgement Date:2002-12-03
Keywords:Sekwestrasie - prinsipaal wie se agent bedrieglik opgetree het, kan 'n gelikwideerde vordering hê vir doeleindes van artikel 12(1)(a) van die Insolvensiewet 24 van 1936 ten einde 'n sekwestrasie-aansoek te bring. Agent - bedrieglike optrede - agent persoonlik aanspreeklik.
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S v Lentor
Judges:
Case No:2529/2002
Judgement Date:2002-11-28
Keywords:Vonnis - veediefstal - onderskeid moet getrek word tussen dief wat vir gewin steel en behoeftige werker wat vir die pot steel.
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Scheepers v Sasol Pensioenfonds
Judges:
Case No:4761/1998
Judgement Date:2002-11-21
Keywords:Werknemer - ongeskiktheidsverklaring op grond van besering of siekte - ooreenkoms vereis totale en permanente verhindering om enige beroep te beoefen - applikante slaag nie daarin om totale en permanente verhindering aan te dui nie - aansoek afgewys.
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Shoprite Checkers (Pty) Ltd v Jardim
Judges:
Case No:2621/2002
Judgement Date:2002-11-21
Keywords:Grond - uitsetting - Wet op Voorkoming van Onwettige Uitsetting en Onregmatige besetting van Grond No 19 van 1998 geld nie ten aansien van nie-residensiële eiendom nie Kontrak - party kan sig nie op ongelyke bedingingsposisie beroep waar hy eie ongelykheid bewerk het nie Kontrak - vreesaanjaging as grond om kontrak te vernietig - spesifieke dreigemente nie onregmatig of contra bonos mores nie.
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The Law Society of the Free State v Van den Berg
Judges:
Case No:1628/2002
Judgement Date:2002-11-14
Keywords:Prokureur - onbehoorlike gedrag - werwing van kliënte - drie jaar skorsing waarvan helfte opgeskort
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Roux v Van der Merwe
Judges:
Case No:2239/2002
Judgement Date:2002-10-17
Keywords:Koopkontrak - geen uitdruklike bepaling in kontrak aangaande plek van betaling nie - dag vir betaling is vakansiedag - vraag of betaling aangebied mag word op daaropvolgende dag - betalings voorheen nie gedoen by besigheidsplek wat gesluit kon wees op vakansiedag , maar by eerste respondent persooonlik - geen getuienis deur applikant voorgelê wat betaling op vakansiedag verhinder het nie - aansoek om verklarende bevel dat kansellsie ongeldig is, dus afgewys.
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Die Staat v Cloete en vyf ander hersieningsake
Judges:
Case No:2025/2002
Judgement Date:2002-10-14
Keywords:Vonnis - jeugdige oortreder - Dit blyk geykte reg te wees dat hoe jonger ‘n oortreder is, hoe meer versigtig of onwillig is ‘n hof om, sonder volledige besonderhede van die oortreder, hom of haar na die gevangenis te stuur. Hoe jonger ‘n oortreder is, hoe groter is die behoefte vir meer getuienis omtrent sy agtergrond en persoonlike omstandighede en dus vir die aanvra van ‘n voorvonnisverslag. Dit is belangrik om daarop te let dat jeugdigheid nog áltyd as ‘n belangrike versagtende omstandigheid beskou is. Dit beteken egter nie dat dit verpligtend is om in alle gevalle waar jeugdiges oortree, ‘n voorvonnisverslag aan te vra nie. In die lig van die voorgaande kan die volgende breë riglyne neergelê word, wat egter geensins as rigiede riglyne beskou moet word nie:  1. Hoe jonger die oortreder, hoe belangriker is dit om volledige getuienis omtrent sy/haar agtergrond, opvoeding, intelligensie en algemene geestesvermoëns voor die hof te lê, hetsy by wyse van ‘n voorvonnisverslag, of andersins. 2. In die algemeen, afhangende van die omstandighede van die betrokke saak, behoort ‘n voorvonnisverslag aangevra te word ten opsigte van alle oortreders onder die ouderdom van 18 jaar. 3. Dit mag selfs nodig wees in die geval van ‘n 18-jarige oortreder, of ouer, om sodanige verslag aan te vra. In hierdie verband kan dit onverantwoordelik wees om vaste reëls neer te lê. 4. Ander faktore soos die erns van die misdaad, die beskuldigde se vorige veroordelings, die tydperk wat verloop tussen die pleging van die misdaad en die verhoor, en ander moontlike aspekte kan ook ‘n rol speel.
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Engelbrecht en 'n ander v Die Meester en andere
Judges:
Case No:3574/2002
Judgement Date:2002-10-10
Keywords:Getuieloon - insolvensie-ondersoek - insolvent en eggenoot is verplig om by te woon sonder aanspraak op getuieloon - betaling per gekruisde, nie-verhandelbare tjek is in ieder geval voldoende.
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Vermaas v Vermaas en 'n ander
Judges:
Case No:2284/2002
Judgement Date:2002-09-26
Keywords:Man en vrou - onderhoud - skuldvergelyking kan nie gebruik word as rede vir nie-betaling van onderhoud nie.
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Nyaphuli v Minister of Defence
Judges:
Case No:3187/2002
Judgement Date:2002-09-12
Keywords:Military court - application for bail to High Court against decision of Military Court of Appeal - National Director of Public Prosecutions has no interest - Director of Military Prosecutions correctly cited as respondent - non-compliance with s 35 of Act 62/1955 - application dismissed.
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Ndayi v S
Judges:
Case No:163/2001
Judgement Date:2002-09-12
Keywords:Theft - unauthorised use - c/s 1(1) Act 50.1956 - by entrusting vehicle to appellant to take home, the complainant did not thereby relinquish his overall control over the vehicle.
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Oosthuizen v Die Landro, Senekal en andere
Judges:
Case No:876/2002
Judgement Date:2002-08-29
Keywords:Landdroshowe - a 74 Wet 32 van 1944 - nie noodwendig dat slegs persoon benoem deur applikant as Administrateur aangestel kan word nie. Hersiening - aanstelling van Administrateur ingevolge a 74 van Wet op Landdroshowe 32 van 1944 - regsdwaling van landdros dat hy slegs iemand wat deur skuldeiser as Administateur benoem is, kan aanstel, is grond vir hersiening - daardeur het landdros die omvang van sy bevoegdhede deur 'n wanbgrip beperk - skuldeisers het daardeur nie 'n billike verhoor gekry nie. Hersiening - verkeerdelike uitoefening van stututêre plig deur landdros kan beide statutêre of gemeenregtelike hersieningsgrond daarstel.
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BMW Financial Services SA (Pty) Ltd v Welling
Judges:
Case No:6/2002
Judgement Date:2002-08-22
Keywords:Absolusie van die instansie - maatstaf is of eiser se getuinis die potensiaal het vir 'n bevinding in sy guns - borgstelling nie volledig ingevul nie - getuienis dat getuie nie onthou of tersaaklike gedeelte ingevul was nie, maar meen as gevolg van sy ervaring dat dit onwaarskynlik is dat hy die verweerdeer 'n blanko bogstelling sou laat teken - hof behoort nie gemak waarmee die eiser se getuienis weerlê kan word in ag te neem by 'n absolusie-aansoek nie - aansoek van die hand gewys. Borgstelling - bewering dat dit nie behoorlik ingevul was by ondertekening nie - absolusie-aansoek geweier.
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Assosiasie van Welsynsorganisasies en Organisasies sonder winsoogmerk v LUR vir Maatskaplike Ontwikkeling van die Provinsie Vrystaat en 'n Ander
Judges:
Case No:1843/2002
Judgement Date:2002-08-07
Keywords:Administratiewe optrede - s 33(1) Grondwet se vereistes onder a 33(1) - legitieme verwagting - dekadelange praktyk - welsynsorganisasies - betaling van subsidies eensydig teruggetrek Administrative Justice Act 3/2000 - betekenis van "beslissing" onder daardie wet - billike prosedure onder a 3 Wet op Maatskaplike Pensioene 59/1992 - finansiële toekennings onder a 5.
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Masekp v Auto & General Insurance Co Ltd
Judges:
Case No:149/2001
Judgement Date:2002-07-25
Keywords:Amendment of pleadings - substitution of parties - substantive application required - consent by party substituted necessary - effect of granting amendment would be to open an issue which had already been decided - application for amendment refused and appeal dismissed. Prescription - s 15(1) of Prescription Act 68 of 1969 - issue of summons by party who is not creditor does not interrupt running of prescription Pleadings - issue of locus standi not formally pleaded, but canvassed at the hearing - issue to be decided.
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Buys v Cooper and others
Judges:
Case No:847/2002
Judgement Date:2002-07-25
Keywords:Divorce - deed of settlement induced by fraud - first respondent concealed fact that at the time she was living with another man and gainfully employed Duty of support - requisites for Interim interdict - requirements for - strong propects of success for applicant in main case.
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The United Greyhound Racing and Breeders Society v Die Vrystaat Dobbel en Wedren Raad en andere
Judges:
Case No:4095/2002
Judgement Date:2002-06-20
Keywords:Grondwetlikheid - honderesies - Ord 11 van 1976 (OVS) Wet - verklaring deur hof dat wet deur onbruik verval het - herroeping of vervanging van wet by implikasie.
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Die Kommissaris: Binnelandse Inkomste v MEGS Investments (EDMS) Beperk en 'n ander
Judges:
Case No:96/2001
Judgement Date:2002-06-13
Keywords:Inkomstebelasting - 20(1)(a) Wet 58/1962 - "bedryf" - wye betekenis. 2077/2001: Onteiening - padboumateriaal - transportakte ten gunste van onteienaar - regte van bona fide opvolger in titel. 385/2001: Sekwestrasie - bewys van vordering - nulla bona relaas. Egskeiding - aanspreeklikheid vir skuld gedurende huwelik aangegaan - daad van insolvensie tydens huwelik.
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Sekobota v S
Judges:
Case No:51/2002
Judgement Date:2002-05-09
Keywords:Vonnis - Wet op Minimum Vonnisse - terugroep van klaagster wat moontlik ander weergawe sal gee - plig van hoë hof by bevestiging van skuldigbevinding - hoe hoë hof te werk moet gaan - skuldigbevinding en vonnis ter syde gestel deur volbank.
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Glencore Grain Africa (Pty) Limited v Du Plessis en andere
Judges:
Case No:4621/1999
Judgement Date:2002-03-28
Keywords:vis major - mielie oes koop - generieke koop - mielie oes
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The Maize Board v Badenhorst and Others
Judges:
Case No:3260/2001
Judgement Date:2002-02-28
Keywords:Consolidation of actions - appropriateness - convenience of court also to be considered - convenience weighed against prejudice.
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Die Bloemfonteinse Plaaslike Oorgangsraad v Rautenbach en Jordaan
Judges:
Case No:26/2001
Judgement Date:2001-11-29
Keywords:Bewyslas - plig om te begin - landdros beslis dat plig op verweerder rus - verweerder bied geen getuienis aan nie - afleiding is dan dat saak gesluit is - eiser sluit ook saak - landdros bevind res ipsa loquitur en dat eiser se prima facie saak nie deur vereerder weerlê is nie Appelleerbaarheid - beslissing van landdros op meriete alleen - in besondere omstandighede bevind dat beslissing appelleerbaar is waar daar geen geskille meer tussen partye is nie.
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In re George Frederik Wessels
Judges:
Case No:4281/1998
Judgement Date:1999-02-19
Keywords:Fideicommissum - voorwaardelike fideicommissum - hoewel die belange van 'n fiduciarius in die kurator van sy insolvente boedel vestig, is die toegewing om te verkoop van persoonlike aard wat nie op die kurator oorgaan nie.
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FACULTY CONTACT

Mrs Sophie Maasdorp
T: + 27 51 401 2451
F: + 27 51 401 3043

E: law@ufs.ac.za

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