Computer and pencils on a desk
Reduce distractions


Watch these short movies, then read the notes below.
What point, in the notes, do these movies illustrate?


Reduce distractions:

  • Exclude irrelevant items
  • Use a picture with either written, or spoken (preferably) text, not both
  • Place corresponding words and pictures close together
  • Use pictures and associated text simultaneously


  • Learning happens in working memory, which has a very small capacity. Overloading working memory demotivates a learner.
  • Working memory has two channels, one for images, and the other for words (spoken and written). The load experienced in each channel is separate, so e.g. if no images are used, that available space is simply wasted, it can’t be reassigned to cope with an overload in text.



  1. Click each slide in this Padlet (click here), below, to see it more clearly.
  2. Rate each slide from 5 stars (excellent) to 1 star (very bad).
  3. In the comments section for each slide, list:
    • things which make the slide distracting
    • ways to improve the slide
    • things you like about the slide.
    • If you appear anonymously in the Padlet, please add your name.
    • Optional: Upload a picture of a slide that you have made so that people can comment on your slide.   |   University of the Free State South Campus   |   +27 51 451 1024 / +27 78 508 0848


Access (UAP)

+27 51 401 9111 (Option 2)

Open Distance and E-learning Programmes
Deborah Pietersen
+27 51 505 1394

Short Learning Programmes
Keneilwe Mogotsi

Kovsie Phahamisa Academy

South campus webpage1

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