Prof Ashok Chapagain
Research Fellow
Agricultural Economics
Agricultural Economics
IG 58
051 401 3450

Short CV

Ashok Chapagain is experienced in managing and coordinating international and interdisciplinary projects ensuring technical quality and project delivery. He has vast cultural and geographical coverage in his work and expertise with specific water related experience in the fields of Integrated Water Resources Management, Water Footprint Assessment, industrial and agricultural efficiency and sustainability, irrigation, hydrology and watershed modelling, flood risk management, river basin planning and management, and environmental impact assessment. He has recently left Water Footprint Network (The Netherlands) where he worked in the capacity of Science Director. Currently he is also acting as a member of Supervisory Board of the Water Footprint Network. Currently he is working at the capacity of Senior Professor at University of Free State (South Africa).

Chapagain holds a PhD in the field of Water Resources Management and Policy Analysis from Delft University of Technology (The Netherlands), an MSc degree in Water and Environmental Resources Management from UNESCO- IHE Institute for Water Education (The Netherlands), and Bachelor in Civil Engineering from IIT Roorkee (India). His 28 years of professional carrier can be broadly grouped under two inter-related blocks: development projects for 10 years; research and application for 18 years (academia for 8 years and applied work for 10 years). During his MSc and PhD research he specialized in water resources and environmental management, integrated river basin management, policy analysis and systems analysis.

Chapagain regularly reviews articles for several scientific journals. Currently he serves as the Editors-In-Chief for the recently launched Open Access Scientific Journal H2Open published by IWA Publishing. In addition, he serves as editor for 5 scientific journals, and frequently guest-edits specific issues for peer-reviewed scientific journals. He has published 5 books, and 68 other articles and reports. His publications are widely cited with 12,502 citations with h-index of 36 and i10-index of 56. He applies a system approach in addressing issues on water, energy and food securities where managing local resources also includes global dimensions where key stakeholders are often cross-sectoral and situated outside the boxes. He has been involved in many national and international projects as a team leader, project leader, and international expert in several Asian, European and South American countries.




  1.  Hoekstra, A.Y., Chapagain, A.K., and Van Oel, P.,  [Eds] (2019). Progress in Water Footprint Assessment. MDPI Books.
  2. Tickner, D. and Chapagain, A.K. (2015) Water Footprint Assessment: A Guide for Business. Do Sustainability. UK. ISBN9781910174562.
  3. Hoekstra, A.Y., Chapagain, A.K., Aldaya, M. M. and Mekonnen, M. M. (2011). The Water Footprint Assessment Manual, Setting the Global Standard, Earthscan. ISBN 9781849712798. [This book is translated into Korean, Portuguese, Chinese, and under translation in Spanish].
    • Hoekstra, A.Y., Chapagain, A.K., Aldaya, M. M. and Mekonnen, M. M. (2015). The Water Footprint Assessment Manual ?????????: ??? ?? ??. Nature and Ecology Academy Series 7. South Korea.
    • Hoekstra, A.Y., Chapagain, A.K., Aldaya, M. M. and Mekonnen, M. M. (2013). Manual de Avaliação da Pegada Hídrica: Estabelecendo o Padrão Global. The Nature Conservancy, Sao Paulo, Brazil. ISBN 9788560797165.
    • Hoekstra, A.Y., Chapagain, A.K., Aldaya, M. M. and Mekonnen, M. M. (2012).The Water Footprint Assessment Manual. China Science Press, Beijing. ISBN 9787030349606.
  4. Hoekstra, A.Y. and Chapagain, A.K. (2008). Globalization of Water: Sharing the planet’s freshwater resources, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK. ISBN 9781405163354. [This book is translated into Spanish].
    • Hoekstra, A.Y. and Chapagain, A.K. (2010). Globalización del agua: Compartir los recursos de agua dulce del planeta, Marcial Pons, Madrid / Barcelona / Buenos Aire. ISBN 9788497687515.
  5. Chapagain, A.K. (2006). Globalisation of Water: Opportunities and threats of virtual water trade, Taylor & Francis Group, London. ISBN 0415409160.

Articles in peer reviewed scientific journals and other publications

  1. Ercin, E., Chico, D., Chapagain, A.K. (2019). Vulnerabilities of the European Union’s Economy to Hydrological Extremes Outside its Borders. Atmosphere (Basel). 10, 593.
  2. Vanham, D., Leip, A., Galli, A., Kastner, T., Bruckner, M., Uwizeye, A., van Dijk, K., Ercin, E., Dalin, C., Brandão, M., Bastianoni, S., Fang, K., Leach, A., Chapagain, A.K., Van der Velde, M., Sala, S., Pant, R., Mancini, L., Monforti-Ferrario, F., Carmona-Garcia, G., Marques, A., Weiss, F., Hoekstra, A.Y., (2019). Environmental footprint family to address local to planetary sustainability and deliver on the SDGs. Sci. Total Environ. 693, 133642.
  3. FAO. (2019). (contributing author) Water use in livestock production systems and supply chains – Guidelines for assessment (Version 1). Livestock Environmental Assessment and Performance (LEAP) Partnership. Rome. [contributing author]
  4. Haida, C., Chapagain, A.K., Rauch, Wolfgang, R., Maximilian, & Schneider, K. (2018). From water footprint to climate change adaptation: Capacity development with teenagers to save water. Land Use Policy.
  5. Hoekstra, A., Chapagain, A. K. & van Oel, P. (2017) Advancing Water Footprint Assessment Research: Challenges in Monitoring Progress towards Sustainable Development Goal 6. Water (9) 438.
  6. Chapagain, A.K. (2017). Water Footprint: State of the Art: What, Why, and How? Ed. Abraham, Martin A Encyclopedia of Sustainable Technologies (pp. 153-163). Oxford: Elsevier.
  7. Ercin, A.E., Zamanillo, D.C., & Chapagain, A.K. (2017) Dependencies of Europe’s economy on other parts of the world in terms of water resources. the Improving Predictions and Management of Hydrological Extremes (IMPREX), WFN, The Netherlands.
  8. Chapagain, A.K., & Mathews, R.M. (2017) A guide to reducing the water footprint of cotton cultivation in India. C&A Foundation and WFN, The Netherlands.
  9. Boreson, J., D. Chico, Chapagain, A.K. (2017). Evaluations of the water footprint for public policies in Latin America. Network for Cooperation in Integrated Water Resource Management for Sustainable Development in Latin America and the Caribbean”, United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) N° 45 February 2017: 5-6.
  10. Hoekstra, A.Y., Chapagain, A.K. & Zhang, G.P. (2016) Water footprints and sustainable water allocation, Sustainability, 8(1): 20.
  11. Chapagain, A.K., Erçin, A.E., G. Eldeleklioglu, Cansver, Z.N., Demirkol, M.K., & Mathews, R. (2016). Yasar Group Water Footprint Sustainability and Risk Assessment. WFN and GTE. The Netherlands
  12. White, C., McNeillis, P., Mathews, R., & Chapagain, A.K. (2014) Energising the drops: Towards a holistic approach to carbon & water footprint assessment. Water Footprint Network and Anthesis. The Netherlands & London.
  13. Zhang, G., Mathews, R., Mekonnen, M, Frapporti, G., Chapagain, A.K., Pluta, M., Kehinde, M., & Beales, C. (2014) Water Footprint Assessment for the South-East Region North East Thames Area, Environment Agency, UK. Water Footprint Network and Environment Agency, the South-East Region, North East Thames Area, UK.
  14. Safaya, S., Zhang, G., & Chapagain, A.K. (2013) Unilever’s Portfolio Water Footprint, Sustainability Assessment and Response Strategy Formulation: A case study of tomatoes. Water Footprint Network.
  15. Chapagain, A.K., Mekonnen, M., & Mathews, R. (2013) Sustainability assessment of the water footprint of cane sugar purchased by TCCC Europe. Water Footprint Network.
  16. Chapagain, A.K. (2013) Tools to measure the actual water consumption and its sustainability. Denaris, SAAM Swiss Association of Asset Managers, Switzerland. 03/2013.
  17. Chapagain, A.K., & James, K. (2013) Water Footprint and food processing industry: Accounting the impact of food waste from the perspective of use of water resources. In Maria, K., & Webb, C. (eds.) Food Industry Wastes: Assessment and Recuperation of Commodities. Food Science and Technology International Series. Academic Press, Elsevier. ISBN 9780123919212.
  18. Chapagain, A.K., & Tickner, D. (2013). Water Footprint: Evolution of the concept and its usefulness in practice. In Jacobi, P., & Empinotti, V. (eds.) Annablume Publishers, São Paulo, Brazil.
  19. Chapagain, A.K., & Tickner, D. (2012) Water Footprint: Help or Hindrance? In Special issue of Water Alternatives titled ‘Open for business or opening Pandora’s Box? A constructive critique of corporate engagement in water policy’, 5 (3).
  20. Orr, S., Pittock, J., Chapagain, A.K., & Dumaresq, D. (2012) Dams on the Mekong River: Lost fish protein and the implications for land and water resources, Global Environmental Change, ISSN 0959-3780, 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2012.06.002.
  21. Hoekstra, A.Y, Mekonnen, M.M., Chapagain, A.K., Mathews, R.E., & Richter, B.D. (2012). Global Monthly Water Scarcity: Blue Water Footprints versus Blue Water Availability. PLoS ONE, 7(2): e32688.
  22. Chapagain, A.K. (2012). The Water Footprint. In WWF. 2012. Living Planet Report 2012. WWF International, Gland, Switzerland.
  23. Zhang, Z., Shi, M., Yang, H., & Chapagain, A.K. (2011). An Input-Output analysis of trends in virtual water trade and the impact on water resources and uses in China. Economic Systems Research, 23 (4): 431-446.
  24. Feng, K., Chapagain, A.K., Suh, S., Pfister, S., & Hubacek, K. (2011). Comparison of bottom-up and top-down approaches to calculating the water footprint of nations. Economic Systems Research, 23 (4): 371-385.
  25. Chapagain, A.K., & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2011). The blue, green and grey water footprint of rice from production and consumption perspectives. Ecological Economics, 70(4): 749-758.
  26. Kuishuang, F., Hubacek, K., Siu, Y.L., Chapagain, A.K., Yu, Y., Minx, J., Guan, D., & Barrett, J. (2011). Spatially explicit analysis of water footprints in the UK. Water. 3: 47-63.
  27. Chapagain, A.K., & James, K. (2011). The water and carbon footprint of household food and drink waste in the UK. WWF-UK and WRAP -Waste & Resources Action Programme, UK.
  28. Chapagain A.K. (2011) FHC – a small but the founding stone towards a journey to better water stewardship. In WRAP (2011) The Federation House Commitment ‘Reducing water use within the Food & Drink Industry- Report 2011’.
  29. Vincent, D., de Caritat, A., Bruers, S., Chapagain, A.K., Weiler, P., & Laurent, A. (2011). Belgium and its water footprint. WWF-Belgium, Brussels.
  30. Milà i Canals, L., Chapagain, A.K., Orr, S., Chenoweth, J., Anton, A. & Clift, R. (2010). Assessing freshwater use impacts in LCA Part II: Case study for broccoli production in the UK and Spain. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 15(6): 598-607.
  31. Almond, R., Chapagain, A.K., Li, L, Orr, S., & Tickner, D. (2010). Focus on our footprint: water, and Water footprint of production. In: WWF (2010) Living Planet Report, Gland, Switzerland.
  32. Chapagain, A.K., & Orr, S. (2010) Water Footprint of Nestlé’s ‘Bitesize Shredded Wheat’- A pilot study to account and analyse the water footprints of Bitesize Shredded Wheat in the context of water availability along its supply chain. WWF and Water Footprint Network (WFN)’ Shredded-Wheat.pdf
  33. Sonnenberg, A., Chapagain, A.K., Geiger, M., & August, D. (2009) Der Wasser-Fußabdruck Deutschlands: Woher stammt das Wasser, das in unseren Lebensmitteln steckt? WWF Germany.
  34. Pittock, J. Meng, Geiger, M., & Chapagain, A.K. (2009) Interbasin water transfers and water scarcity in a changing world - a solution or a pipedream? Frankfurt, WWF Germany.
  35. Chapagain, A.K. & Orr, S. (2009). An improved water footprint methodology linking global consumption to local water resources: A case of Spanish tomatoes. Journal of Environmental Management 90(2): 1219-1228.
  36. Milà i Canals, L., Chenoweth, J., Chapagain, A.K., Orr, S. Antón, A. & Clift, R. (2009). Assessing freshwater use impacts in LCA Part I: Inventory modelling and characterisation factors for the main impact pathways. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment. 14 LCA (1): 28-42.
  37. Chapagain, A.K., & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2008). The global component of fresh water demand and supply: an assessment of virtual water flows between nations as a result of trade in agricultural and industrial products. Water International. 33(1): 19-32.
  38. Chapagain, A.K., & Orr, S. (2008) UK water footprint: The impact of the UK’s food and fibre consumption on global water resources. WWF-UK, Godalming, UK.
  39. Chapagain, A.K., Hoekstra, A.Y., Humphrey, S., Loh, J., & Mekonnen, M. (2008). Water Footprint. In: WWF (2008) Living Planet Report, Gland, Switzerland.
  40. Chapagain, A.K., Humphrey, S., & Orr, S. (2008). Water footprint of African countries, In: Goldfinger, S (2008) Africa: Ecological footprint and Human wellbeing. Global Footprint Network and WWF.
  41. Galloway, J., Burke, M., Bradford, E., Naylor, R., Falcon, W., Chapagain, A.K., Gaskell, J., McCullough, E., Mooney, H., Oleson, K., Steinfeld, H., Wassenaar, T., & Smil, V. (2007). International trade in meat: The tip of the pork chop, Ambio. 36(8): 622-629.
  42. Chapagain, A.K., & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2007). The water footprint of coffee and tea consumption in The Netherlands. Ecological Economics. 64(1): 109-118.
  43. Hoekstra, A.Y., & Chapagain, A.K. (2007). The water footprints of Morocco and The Netherlands: An assessment of global water use as a result of consumption of agricultural commodities, Ecological Economics. 64(1): 143-151.
  44. Orr, S., & Chapagain, A.K. (2007) African air-freight of fresh produce: is transport of ‘virtual’ water causing drought? In: Fresh perspectives (2007) Agri-food standards and pro-poor growth in Africa, UK: DFID, IIED and NRI.
  45. Chapagain, A.K., & Orr, S. (2007). The Water Footprint of EU fresh tomato consumption from Spain: Refining methods for intensive plastic-covered agricultural systems. International Ecological Footprint Conference - Stepping Up the Pace: New Developments in Ecological Footprint Methodology, Policy and Practice. 8-10 May 2007, Cardiff, UK.
  46. Orr, S., & Chapagain, A.K. (2007). Virtual water: a case study of green beans and flowers exported to the UK from Africa, Fresh Insight-3, IIED, UK.
  47. Hoekstra, A.Y. & Chapagain, A.K. (2007). Water footprints of nations: Water use by people as a function of their consumption pattern, Water Resources Management. 21(1): 35-48.
  48. Chapagain, A K., Hoekstra, A.Y., Savenije, H.H.G., & Gautam, R. (2006). "The water footprint of cotton consumption: An assessment of the impact of worldwide consumption of cotton products on the water resources in the cotton producing countries." Ecological Economics, 60(1): 186-203.
  49. Chapagain, A.K., Hoekstra, A.Y., & Savenije, H.H.G. (2006). Water saving through international trade of agricultural products, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 10: 455-468.
  50. Ma, J., Hoekstra, A.Y., Wang, H., Chapagain, A.K., & Wang, D. (2006). Virtual versus real water transfer within China, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B- Biological Sciences, 361(1469): 835-842.
  51. Hoekstra, A.Y., & Chapagain, A.K. (2006). The effect of international trade in agricultural products on national water demand and scarcity, with examples for Morocco and The Netherlands. Conference on water on the occasion of 400 years of international relations between Netherlands and Morocco, Marrakech, Morocco.
  52. Hoekstra, A.Y., & Chapagain, A.K. (2006). The water footprints of Morocco and The Netherlands, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 21, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, The Netherlands.
  53. Chapagain, A.K., Hoekstra, A.Y., & Savenije, H.H.G. (2005). Water saving through international trade of agricultural products - with interactive discussions, HESSD, 2: 2219-2251.
  54. Hoekstra, A.Y., & Chapagain, A.K. (2005). De water-voetafdruk van de nederlanders en de wereldbevolking. H2O 38(4): 37-41.
  55. Chapagain, A.K., Hoekstra, A.Y., Savenije, H.H.G., & Gautam, R. (2005). The water footprint of cotton consumption, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 18, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, The Netherlands.
  56. Chapagain, A.K., Hoekstra, A.Y., & Savenije, H. H. G. (2005) Saving water through global trade, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 17, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, The Netherlands.
  57. Hoekstra, A.Y., & Chapagain, A.K. (2004). Eén kopje koffie kost gemiddeld 140 liter water. H2O 37(5): 36-37.
  58. Chapagain, A.K., & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2004). Water footprints of nations, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 16, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, The Netherlands.
  59. Hoekstra, A.Y., & Chapagain, A.K. (2004). Water Footprint - A Consumption-based indicator of water pressure. Background Paper to Chapter 4 of "Let it reign: The new water paradigm for global food security, a report to the UN Commission on Sustainable Development 13: Swedish International Development Corporation Agency
  60. Hoekstra, A.Y., & Chapagain, A.K. (2004). The global demand-side of the world water crisis: Water footprints of nations and international virtual water flows, Background Paper to Chapter 3 of “Water - More Nutrition per Drop, a report to the UN Commission on Sustainable Development 13”.
  61. Chapagain, A.K., & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2003). The water needed to have the Dutch drink tea, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 15, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, The Netherlands.
  62. Chapagain, A.K., & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2003). The water needed to have the Dutch drink coffee, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 14, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, The Netherlands.
  63. Chapagain, A.K., & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2003). Virtual water flows between nations in relation to trade in livestock and livestock products, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 13, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, The Netherlands.
  64. Hoekstra, A.Y., Savenije, H.H.G., & Chapagain, A.K. (2003). `The value of rainfall: Up-scaling economic benefits to the catchment scale` In: Proceedings SIWI Seminar ‘Towards catchment hydro-solidarity in a world of uncertainties, Stockholm, August 16, 2003’, Report 18, Stockholm International Water Institute, Stockholm, pp. 63-68.
  65. Chapagain, A.K., & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2003). Virtual water trade: A quantification of virtual water flows between nations in relation to international trade of livestock and livestock products. In: A. Y. Hoekstra (ed.) Virtual water trade: Proceedings of the international expert meeting on virtual water trade, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 12, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, The Netherlands.
  66. Hoekstra, A.Y., Savenije, H.H.G., & Chapagain, A.K. (2002). Water value flows: A case study in Zambezi basin, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 2, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, The Netherlands.
  67. Hoekstra, A.Y., Savenije, H. H. G., & Chapagain, A.K. (2001). An integrated approach towards assessing the value of water: A case study on the Zambezi basin. Integrated Assessment 2(4): 199-208.
  68. Chapagain, A.K. (2000). Exploring methods to assess the value of water: A case study on Zambezi basin, Value of Water Research Report Series No. 1, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, The Netherlands.


Climate Change Response

The impact of climate change is reflected through the lens of water. Businesses, governments, and local communities face growing challenges to their sustainability as resources like water and energy are constrained, populations grow, and economic growth is sought. Addressing any one of these challenges is difficult enough but there is mounting evidence to suggest complex linkages between these issues. Thus, it is increasingly recognized that responses to these sustainability challenges must be considered holistically and such response frameworks must be aligned for wider applicability. Water, like energy, is a key input into any economy. As water-related natural hazards events – such as floods and droughts – increase it is imperative that we understand and prepare for their consequences. Because countries are dependent upon each other for food, product and energy imports, this not only involves understanding how climate change impacts on water resources in our own countries, but how it impacts on water resources in other areas of the world. This makes its economy dependent on water resources well beyond its borders. Mapping the EU’s global water demand and assessed how water scarcity and drought could disrupt supplies of key food crops that it imports reveals where potential vulnerabilities to the EU’s food security and economic stability exist and identifies which food products may become more expensive in Europe in the near and longer-term future.

Report: Improving Predictions & Management of Hydrological Extremes (IMPREX), Horizon 2020 EU

White paper: Energising the drops: Towards a Holistic Approach to Carbon and Water Footprint Assessments

LinkedIn blogs: Dependencies of Europe’s economy on other parts of the world in terms of water resources

Managing Water Risks

Reducing water risk is becoming a management priority for companies globally. Water risk can affect a company’s direct operations as well as its supply chain, ultimately affecting operational costs, security of inputs supply, profits, and future growth. Besides typical physical risks related to the lack of water availability or poor water quality, there are also reputational risks, regulatory risks, and eventually financial risks arising from water scarcity, pollution and competition over its use. Sustainability assessment of the full supply chain of a business is the key to understanding these risks. Examples: TCCC [Sustainability assessment of supply chain of cane sugar purchased by TCCC Europe], FMO agri-business Portfolio Risk Assessment, Yasar Group, Turkey [Developing Water Risk Assessment Framework, and application], Intercontinental Hotel Group [IHG Hotel’s risk mapping and developing tailored Water Stewardship Programme], Water Risk Filter Tool [WWF, contributed during the inception phase] etc.

Book: DoShort (Water footprint assessment: a guide for business)

LinkedIn blogs: (Water Risk Assessment Framework); (Identifying Water Stewardship Actions to Improve Business Water Security)


Sustainable Supply Chains

Water scarcity and water pollution levels are increasing in river basins around the world due to growing populations, changing consumption patterns and poor water governance. This imposes risk to the water intensive agri-culture sector, which increasingly faces water availability and quality challenges in its widely-distributed supply chain. Therefore, achieving water sustainability in the supply chain is critical for the long-term viability of the sector as well as the sustainability of ecosystems and communities that are dependent the same water resources. As brands and retailers aim for sustainable sourcing in their supply chain, it is crucial to work with suppliers to measure, monitor and report accurate and detailed data that can be used to pinpoint the most meaningful and strategic investments in improving technology, practices and inputs. Additionally, brands and retailers need to support collective action in water stewardship to ensure that the water resources their suppliers depend upon are managed sustainably. By working together to address both water consumption and pollution and improving water efficiency as well as local water conditions, the sector can create social, economic and environmental benefits. Recent supply chain related projects include: Coca Cola Europe (Tracing the supply chain of cane sugar and identifying hot-spots and prioritizing strategic basins and formulating key responses), C&A (building capacity in its core business functions and in its global supply chain to reduce their water footprint and improve conditions for communities and the environment.), PaCT Bangladesh (working along the supply chain from cotton farms to cotton processing mills and brands and retailers under Public-Private-Partnership program) etc.

Policy, regulations and SDGs

Water is crucial for the global economy. Virtually every economic sector, from agriculture, power generation, manufacturing, beverage and apparel to tourism, relies on fresh water to sustain its business. Yet water scarcity and water pollution levels are increasing in river basins around the world due to growing populations, changing consumption patterns and poor water governance. The interlinkages between agriculture, trade, economic and energy policy and water resources management must be understood. A holistic approach to sustainable development will help ensure that the aims of each individual sector do not lead to unintended consequences that hamper progress and result in negative impacts on water resources and water-related ecosystems. Trade-offs in food security and water security coming from reliance on internal or external water resources for food, export value and supply chain inputs should be investigated for a balanced approach to development. Faced with growing problems related to water scarcity and pollution, the UK Environment Agency commissioned the Water Footprint Network to conduct a comprehensive Water Footprint Assessment of surface and groundwater in 35 sub-catchments in the Hertfordshire and North London Area. The finding highlighted the ways water management and regulations have contributed to water scarcity and water pollution levels and proposed a regulatory framework that integrates water quantity and quality in resource management.


LinkedIn blog: How Water Footprint Assessment help achieve the SDGs

Report: Water Footprint – key to Sustainable Development in Sub-Saharan Africa ECLAC article: Evaluations of the water footprint for public policies in Latin America

Journal article: Dams on the Mekong River: Lost fish protein and the implications for land and water resources

Research, Capacity building & Knowledge Exchange

Besides regular training courses[10] (eLearning courses, face-to-face trainings, webinars) and events, coordinating and sharing research agenda and outcomes are vital in capacity building. Co-ordinating and leading research community (WFRA), organizing conferences[13]/seminar (EGU), AGU, Stockholm World Water Week, Amsterdam International Water Week, World Water Forum, providing tailored training: Chilean Water Authority (providing technical assistance and capacity building for Fundación Chile in a project for the Chilean water Authority funded by Swiss cooperation to prepare a national framework for water footprint accounting at river basin level in Chile); TATA India etc. Aligning and embedding with other indicator and initiatives: Technical Advisory Group (FAO – LEAP Livestock  Environmental Assessment and Performance Partnership); BIP (Biodiversity Indicators Partnership); BCI Standard (Lead on water principle within its standards’ revision); International Tourism Partnership (Steering committee at  Hotel Water Measurement Initiative); AWS Technical Committee member etc.

Area(s) of Interest

Sharing resources equitably among a future world population of potentially nine billion people whilst maintaining the planet’s natural capital will only be possible with a paradigm shift in favor of wise, informed choices about the use of land, sea and other natural resources at all levels, from local to global. Current choices on how to use natural resources for economic production are driven by growing demand for food, water, fiber and biofuels and are typically dominated by narrow sector-based interests. Only by taking a holistic approach can we make better trade-offs between different ways of using the natural resources that we all need for a sustainable future. In a world of increasing interconnectedness, equitable and sustainable resource management has become not only a local phenomenon but also a global one. The critical factors in managing these resources lie at both ends of the production and consumption chains. Being an environmental scientist with more than two decades of work experience in development and conservation projects in the field of water resources management, in government organizations, in international research institutes and in NGOs, and with a research interest in the field of water and environment, I’m particularly interested in understanding and sharing knowledge in the field of human-environment relations from the standpoint of water. I’m keen to explore science based practical solutions to multi-faceted water issues where the key stakeholders are often not only where the problems are visible but also in the hands of other external economic players influencing how water is allocated to different sectors locally.

Community Service

Journal editorial board and peer reviewer

  1. H2Open: Editors in Chief. IWA Publishing. Open access journal.
  2. Environment: Editor
  3. IRED Journals: Editor (The Institute of Research Engineers and Doctors). Open access journal.
  4. Frontiers in Environmental Science,
  5. Guest editor in academic journal special issues:
  6. Journal of Natural & Environmental Sciences. ISSN 1309 7474. (served as Editor, 2010-2012).
  7. International Journal of Sustainable Society. ISSN (served as Editor 2010-2012).
  8. External reviewer in various peer-reviewed scientific journals, and PhD examination Boards.


Elfrieda van den Berg (Marketing Manager)
T: +27 51 401 2531


Dilahlwane Mohono (Faculty Officer)
T: +27 58 718 5284

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