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04 June 2019 | Story Valentino Ndaba | Photo Charl Devenish
Prof Cathryn Tonne
Air pollution not only costs lives, it costs money too. Pictured is Prof Cathryn Tonne presenting a guest lecture on air pollution at the Bloemfontein Campus.

Health effects associated with ambient air pollution (AAP) have been well documented. Subsequently, the relationship between pollution and financial outcomes have also become a focus for case studies globally. An Environmental Research journal article revealed that “low and middle-income countries are disproportionately affected by the global burden of adverse health effects caused by AAP”. 

A high price to pay

In 2012, high concentrations of air pollution caused 7.4% of all deaths, costing South Africa up to 6% of its Gross Domestic Product. According to the recent International Growth Centre study conducted by senior University of Cape Town researchers, this is a direct consequence of the country’s heavy dependence of fossil fuels, a source of health-damaging air pollution and greenhouse pollutants.

Stunted human and economic growth

These South African statistics are attested to by Prof Cathryn Tonne who recently presented a guest lecture on air pollution which was hosted by the University of the Free State (UFS) Business School.

“Air pollution can affect economic development through several pathways, and health is an important one. Air pollution is linked to shorter life expectancy, chronic disease, asthma exacerbation and many other health outcomes that result in absenteeism from work and school. These have large direct costs to the health system.” 

Prof Tonne says that air pollution exposure in children is linked to reduced cognitive development, with important impacts on human capital. As a result, children are not reaching their full potential in terms of neurodevelopment, which has an effect on their income prospects and the economy as a whole. 

Resolving a looming disaster

Technology may be employed to radically clean the air. Cities need to lead in the reduction of air pollution by promoting renewable energy, using active transport such as walking or cycling, and investing in infrastructure to make this safe and attractive. 

With researchers playing a major role in strengthening the case for aggressive air pollution control, the government needs to implement policies in order to control sources of air pollution. This global health and economic issue also requires individuals and communities to play their part to improve air quality.

News Archive

Centre presents summer school for students in sustainable agriculture and rural development
2007-10-11

The Centre for Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development at the University of the Free State (UFS) is presenting a summer school during the first two weeks of October 2007 on the Main Campus in Bloemfontein. The purpose of the summer school is to provide subject guidance to the centre’s distance-learning students and to summarise the year’s assignments. Approximately 50% of the centre’s students are from international origin, e.g. the Southern African Developing Community (SADC), central and northern Africa and countries as far as Canada, the United States of America, the United Kingdom and Europe. The centre had a screened intake of 52 new students this year. The highlight of the summer school was a lecture by Prof. Edward Nesamvuni, extraordinary professor at the centre and General Manager for Research in the Department of Agriculture of Limpopo, on the role of agricultural research in the progress of rural communities. From the left are, front: Prof. Nesamvuni and Prof. Izak Groenewald (Director of the UFS Centre for Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development); back: Mr Khathu Tshikolomo (Senior Manager: Crop Production, Limpopo), Ms Jane Tshovhote (Manager of the Giyani Municipality, Limpopo) and Mr Maanda Dagada (Manager of Land and Agrarian Reform, Limpopo). All three are registered as Ph.D. students at the centre.
Photo: Lacea Loader
 

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