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Optimizing effectiveness
 Overview Pages: 55-71

Easy-to-follow lecturer

To optimise the effectiveness of lectures, Svinicki and McKeachie (2011) suggest the following:

  • Plan effectively. Take into account that students learn differently, and that some students are more prepared for your class than others. It is useful to do an initial evaluation of what students know and build from there.
  • Add exercises to develop students’ abilities to analyse, to evaluate, to criticize, or to formulate problems.
  • Make use of signposts to link information for students and guide them through the content
  • Organise lectures according to a logical structure: an introduction pointing to the gap in the student’s existing knowledge; a body consisting of only the most important messages; and the conclusion, where students could be asked to reflect on the session through writing or discussing the key points.
  • Use examples, make use of periodic summaries within the lecture, regularly check students’ understanding, try and keep their attention through making use of different methods of communication (e.g. alternating between visual and auditory, or using video clips, etc.).

McKeachie’s Teaching Tips: Strategies, Research, and Theory for College and University Teachers
Svinicki, M, McKeachie, WJ, 2011

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